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5489.0 - International Merchandise Trade, Australia, Concepts, Sources and Methods, 2001  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 30/05/2001   
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Contents >> Appendixes >> Appendix 1. Units of Quantity

The unit of quantity recorded for international merchandise trade statistics is generally the normal unit of quantity used for a particular commodity in the associated industry (e.g. kilograms, number, metres). The unit of quantity applies at the level of the most detailed commodity codes used in Australia (eight-digit HS level for exports, ten-digit HS level for imports).

Units of quantity in use from January 1988 include:


BCBasic carton (1)IUInter unitsNRNot recorded
BLBalesKGKilogramsNUNumber of drums
CCCubic centimetresKLKilolitresPDDozen packs
CMCentimetresKMKilometresPRPairs
CTCartons (2) LLitresRLNumber of rolls
CUCubic metresLALitres of alcoholRMReams
DPDozen pairsMMetresSFSuper feet
DRDozen rollsMCMetric caratsSMSquare metres
DZDozensMMMillimetresSRNumber of sets
GGramsMUMega unitsTTonnes
GBGross boxesNBNumber of bundlesTHThousands
GSGrossNONumberZPDozen pieces



(1) A basic carton consists of 24 x 825g cans or equivalent. For industry purposes there are 50 basic cartons to the tonne.
(2) A carton consists of 24 x 425g cans or equivalent. For industry purposes there are approximately 100 cartons to the tonne.



Customs does not require exporters, importers, or their agents to report units of quantity for some HS codes (unit of quantity is NR), therefore ABS cannot provide quantity details for these commodities.

Where the unit of quantity is a weight measurement, net weight is recorded.

Units of quantity may differ between related commodities at the most detailed level of the HS classification. For example, exports within HS Chapter 44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal. Any examination of aggregate quantities for a number of commodities must take into account the units of quantity applicable to each commodity code being investigated.


AHECC CodeDescription
    Unit of Quantity

44Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal
4401.21.20Wood in chips or particles: coniferous
    Tonnes (T)
4406.10.00Railway or tramway sleepers (cross-ties) of wood: not impregnated
    Cubic metres (CU)
4413.00.00Densified wood, in blocks, plates, strips or profile shapes
    Not recorded (NR)



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