Australian Bureau of Statistics
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2005
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 21/01/2005
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Australia is a net exporter of coal, LPG, natural gas and uranium. In 2001-02 a total of 10,601 PJ of Australian energy products were exported, comprising 10,474 PJ of primary energy and 127 PJ of derived energy (table 17.9). In terms of energy content, the largest contributors were black coal (53% of total energy exports) and uranium (33%). Crude oil and natural gas contributed 8% and 4%, respectively. Total energy exports (primary plus derived) increased by 63% from 1991-92 to 2001-02. In this period exports of primary energy products grew rapidly, particularly uranium (up 56%) and black coal (up 61%). The major derived energy products exported in 2001-02 were aviation turbine fuel (20.2 PJ), diesel (36.6 PJ) and automotive gasoline (40.6 PJ).
Table 17.11 shows energy products contributed significantly to Australia's export earnings. In 2001-02 the export of energy products contributed about 20% towards Australia's total merchandise export earnings, up from 16% in 1996-97. Black coal accounts for the largest share of the total value of energy exports (54% in 2001-02), followed by crude oil (26%) and LNG (11%). While accounting for a third of all exports by energy content, the value of uranium exports contributed only 1.5% of the total value of energy exports in 2001-02. Imports of energy products (mainly crude oil) accounted for 8% of the total value of imports in 2001-02. Although the quantity of energy exports (by energy content) has increased by 33% from 1996-97 to 2001-02, the value of energy exports increased by 85%, partly due to the decline of the Australian dollar relative to the US dollar in that period.
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