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1297.0 - Australian Standard Research Classification (ASRC), 1998  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 28/08/1998   
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Classification Structure - Subdivision 770000 - Environmental Management

(See Division 4, Introduction for more information)

GroupClass
      Title

770100
      Climate and Weather
770101
      Climate change
770102
      Climate variability
770103
      Weather
770199
      Other
770200
      Atmosphere (Excl. Climate and Weather)
770201
      Atmospheric composition
770202
      Atmospheric processes
770300
      Marine Environment
770301
      Air quality
770302
      Living resources (incl. impacts of fishing on non-target species)
770303
      Control of pests and exotic species
770304
      Physical and chemical conditions
770305
      Oceanic processes (excl. climate related)
770306
      Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
770307
      Marine protected areas
770399
      Other
770400
      Coastal and Estuarine Environment
770401
      Air quality
770402
      Land and water management
770403
      Living resources (flora and fauna)
770404
      Control of pests and exotic species
770405
      Physical and chemical conditions
770406
      Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
770407
      Remnant vegetation and protected conservation areas (both terrestrial and marine)
770408
      Rehabilitation of degraded coastal and estuarine areas
770409
      Estuarine and lagoon areas
770499
      Other
770500
      Urban and Industrial Environment
770501
      Air quality
770502
      Land and water management
770503
      Living resources (flora and fauna)
770504
      Control of pests and exotic species
770505
      Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
770506
      Remnant vegetation and protected conservation areas
770507
      Industrial/degraded areas
770599
      Other
770600
      High Country (Incl. Mountains)
770601
      Air quality
770602
      Land and water management
770603
      Living resources (flora and fauna)
770604
      Control of pests and exotic species
770605
      Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
770606
      Remnant vegetation and protected conservation areas
770607
      Rehabilitation of degraded high country
770699
      Other
770700
      Forest and Wooded Lands
770701
      Air quality
770702
      Land and water management
770703
      Living resources (flora and fauna)
770704
      Control of pests and exotic species
770705
      Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
770706
      Remnant vegetation and protected conservation areas
770707
      Rehabilitation/reafforestation
770799
      Other
770800
      Farmland (Incl. Arable Land and Permanent Crop Land)
770801
      Air quality
770802
      Land and water management
770803
      Living resources (flora and fauna)
770804
      Control of pests and exotic species
770805
      Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
770806
      Remnant vegetation and protected conservation areas
770807
      Rehabilitation of degraded farmland
770899
      Other
770900
      Sparseland (Incl. Permanent Grassland and the Arid Zone)
770901
      Air quality
770902
      Land and water management
770903
      Living resources (flora and fauna)
770904
      Control of pests and exotic species
770905
      Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
770906
      Remnant vegetation and protected conservation areas
770907
      Rehabilitation of degraded sparseland
770999
      Other
771000
      Mining Environments
771001
      Air quality
771002
      Land and water management
771003
      Living resources (flora and fauna)
771004
      Control of pests and exotic species
771005
      Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
771006
      Remnant vegetation and protected conservation areas
771007
      Rehabilitation of degraded mining lands
771099
      Other
771100
      Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Areas
771101
      Air quality
771102
      Land and water management
771103
      Living resources (flora and fauna)
771104
      Control of pests and exotic species
771105
      Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
771199
      Other
779900
      Other (Incl. Islands)
779901
      Air quality
779902
      Land and water management
779903
      Living resources (flora and fauna)
779904
      Control of pests and exotic species
779905
      Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
779906
      Remnant vegetation and protected conservation areas
779907
      Rehabilitation of degraded areas
779999
      Other


Definitions

Subdivision 770000 - Environmental Management, covers R&D directed towards the study of the environment (both of pristine and degraded or altered states) conducted in the context of developing management strategies to sustain the quality of environmental attributes. It also includes studies of the environmental impact of socio-economic activities. This subdivision has twelve groups:

    770100 - Climate and Weather
    770200 - Atmosphere (Excl. Climate and Weather)
    770300 - Marine Environment
    770400 - Coastal and Estuarine Environment
    770500 - Urban and Industrial Environment
    770600 - High Country (Incl. Mountains)
    770700 - Forest and Wooded Lands
    770800 - Farmland (Incl. Arable Land and Permanent Crop Land)
    770900 - Sparseland (Incl. Permanent Grassland and the Arid Zone)
    771000 - Mining Environments
    771100 - Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Areas
    779900 - Other (Incl. Islands)

    Exclusions:


      R&D directed towards 'clean production' to minimise emissions to the environment from industrial processes or towards protection of the production site (e.g. sustainability of agricultural production systems) is included in the relevant Subdivisions and Groups of the Defence, Economic Development and Society Divisions.

      Group 770100 - Climate and Weather

      This group covers R&D directed towards the expansion of knowledge and understanding of the climate and the weather. Climate for the purpose of this classification refers to a long term average condition of the weather in a given area. This group has four classes:


        770101 - Climate change
        770102 - Climate variability
        770103 - Weather
        770199 - Other

        Exclusions:


          R&D directed towards 'clean production' to minimise emissions to the environment from industrial processes is included in the relevant Subdivisions and Groups of the Defence, Economic Development and Society Divisions.
      Group 770200 - Atmosphere (Excl. Climate and Weather)

      This group covers R&D directed towards the expansion of knowledge and understanding of the atmosphere, including understanding the changes in the upper atmosphere (stratosphere - between 10 and 59 km altitude), ozone concentrations and their effects. This group has two classes:


        770201 - Atmospheric composition
        770202 - Atmospheric processes

        Exclusions:


          R&D directed towards 'clean production' to minimise emissions to the environment from industrial processes is included in the relevant Subdivisions and Groups of the Defence, Economic Development and Society Divisions.
      Group 770300 - Marine Environment

      This group covers R&D directed towards the expansion of knowledge and understanding of the marine environment. This group has eight classes:


        770301 - Air quality
        770302 - Living resources (incl. impacts of fishing on non-target species)
        770303 - Control of pests and exotic species
        770304 - Physical and chemical conditions
        770305 - Oceanic processes (excl. climate related)
        770306 - Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
        770307 - Marine protected areas
        770399 - Other

        Exclusions:


          R&D directed towards:

          (a) understanding of oceanic currents, etc. for naval safety or navigation is included in Group 690200 Water Transport; and

          (b) 'clean production' to minimise emissions to the environment from industrial processes is included in the relevant Subdivisions and Groups of the Defence, Economic Development and Society Divisions.
      Group 770400 - Coastal and Estuarine Environment

      This group covers R&D directed towards enhancing knowledge, awareness and understanding of the coastal and estuarine environment. Coastal refers to an area within 150 km of the coastline. This group has ten classes:


        770401 - Air quality
        770402 - Land and water management
        770403 - Living resources (flora and fauna)
        770404 - Control of pests and exotic species
        770405 - Physical and chemical conditions
        770406 - Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
        770407 - Remnant vegetation and protected conservation areas (both terrestrial and marine)
        770408 - Rehabilitation of degraded coastal and estuarine areas
        770409 - Estuarine and lagoon areas
        770499 - Other

        Exclusions:


          R&D directed towards:

          (a) understanding of oceanic currents, etc. for naval safety or navigation is included in Group 690200 Water Transport; and

          (b) 'clean production' to minimise emissions to the environment from industrial processes is included in the relevant Subdivisions and Groups of the Defence, Economic Development and Society Divisions.
      Group 770500 - Urban and Industrial Environment

      This group covers R&D directed towards enhancing knowledge, awareness and understanding of the urban and industrial environment. Urban refers to areas where most Australians live, i.e. 92% of people live within 14% of the land area of Australia at an average population density of 13 people/km2. This group has eight classes:


        770501 - Air quality
        770502 - Land and water management
        770503 - Living resources (flora and fauna)
        770504 - Control of pests and exotic species
        770505 - Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
        770506 - Remnant vegetation and protected conservation areas
        770507 - Industrial/degraded areas
        770599 - Other

        Exclusions:


          R&D directed towards 'clean production' to minimise emissions to the environment from industrial processes is included in the relevant Subdivisions and Groups of the Defence, Economic Development and Society Divisions.
      Group 770600 - High Country (Incl. Mountains)

      This group covers R&D directed towards enhancing knowledge, awareness and understanding of the environment of the high country (incl. mountains). For purposes of this classification, high country (incl. mountains) refers to the area, including the Great Dividing Range and the Great Escarpment, which are above 1000 metres in altitude. This group has eight classes:


        770601 - Air quality
        770602 - Land and water management
        770603 - Living resources (flora and fauna)
        770604 - Control of pests and exotic species
        770605 - Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
        770606 - Remnant vegetation and protected conservation areas
        770607 - Rehabilitation of degraded high country
        770699 - Other

        Exclusions:


          R&D directed towards 'clean production' to minimise emissions to the environment from industrial processes is included in the relevant Subdivisions and Groups of the Defence, Economic Development and Society Divisions.
      Group 770700 - Forest and Wooded Lands

      This group covers R&D directed towards enhancing knowledge, awareness and understanding of the environment of forest and wooded lands. Forest land refers to an area of trees which has a foliage projective cover in the tallest stratum of more than 30% or a crown cover of more than 20% of the area and not used primarily for purposes other than forestry. It includes public and private forest, forest in national parks, forest roads and streams, forest nurseries, plantations primarily used for forestry purposes and areas of windbreaks and shelterbelts sufficiently large to be managed as forest. It excludes isolated groups of trees and city parks and gardens. Wooded land refers to an area of trees and/or shrubs which has a foliage projective cover in the tallest stratum of between 10% to 30% or a crown cover of between 10% to 20% of the area. This group has eight classes:


        770701 - Air quality
        770702 - Land and water management
        770703 - Living resources (flora and fauna)
        770704 - Control of pests and exotic species
        770705 - Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
        770706 - Remnant vegetation and protected conservation areas
        770707 - Rehabilitation/reafforestation
        770799 - Other

        Exclusions:


          R&D directed towards 'clean production' to minimise emissions to the environment from industrial processes is included in the relevant Subdivisions and Groups of the Defence, Economic Development and Society Divisions.
      Group 770800 - Farmland (Incl. Arable Land and Permanent Crop Land)

      This group covers R&D directed towards enhancing knowledge, awareness and understanding of the environment of farmland (incl. arable land and permanent crop land). Farmland refers to (a) arable land which is land under crops such as cereals, root crops, industrial crops (e.g. cotton, tobacco, oilseeds), vegetables, flowers and ornamental plants; and (b) permanent cropland which is land under orchards, vineyards, olives, etc. Source: OECD Environment Data Compendium (1991). This group has eight classes:


        770801 - Air quality
        770802 - Land and water management
        770803 - Living resources (flora and fauna)
        770804 - Control of pests and exotic species
        770805 - Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
        770806 - Remnant vegetation and protected conservation areas
        770807 - Rehabilitation of degraded farmland
        770899 - Other

        Exclusions:


          R&D directed towards 'clean production' to minimise emissions to the environment from industrial processes is included in the relevant Subdivisions and Groups of the Defence, Economic Development and Society Divisions.
      Group 770900 - Sparseland (Incl. Permanent Grassland and the Arid Zone)

      This group covers R&D directed towards enhancing knowledge, awareness and understanding of the environment of sparseland (incl. permanent grassland and the arid zone). Sparseland refers to areas with a population density of less than 1000 people per 8000 km2. It includes the arid zone (which receives less than 250 mm of rain a year in the south and 350 mm in the north) as well as the permanent grasslands or rangelands where sheep or cattle graze on native vegetation. Source: D. Cocks (1992) Use with Care, U&NSW Press. This group has eight classes:


        770901 - Air quality
        770902 - Land and water management
        770903 - Living resources (flora and fauna)
        770904 - Control of pests and exotic species
        770905 - Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
        770906 - Remnant vegetation and protected conservation areas
        770907 - Rehabilitation of degraded sparseland
        770999 - Other

        Exclusions:


          R&D directed towards 'clean production' to minimise emissions to the environment from industrial processes is included in the relevant Subdivisions and Groups of the Defence, Economic Development and Society Divisions.
      Group 771000 - Mining Environments

      This group covers R&D directed towards enhancing knowledge, awareness and understanding of mining environments. Mining environments are areas where mining is occurring. This group has eight classes:


        771001 - Air quality
        771002 - Land and water management
        771003 - Living resources (flora and fauna)
        771004 - Control of pests and exotic species
        771005 - Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
        771006 - Remnant vegetation and protected conservation areas
        771007 - Rehabilitation of degraded mining lands
        771099 - Other

        Exclusions:


          R&D directed towards 'clean production' to minimise emissions to the environment from industrial processes is included in the relevant Subdivisions and Groups of the Defence, Economic Development and Society Divisions.
      Group 771100 - Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Areas

      This group covers R&D directed towards enhancing knowledge, awareness and understanding of the environment of antarctic and sub-antarctic areas. Antarctic (incl. subantarctic) refers to areas south of latitude 500S, namely Antarctica, Heard Island, Macdonald Island and Macquarie Island. This group has six classes:


        771101 - Air quality
        771102 - Land and water management
        771103 - Living resources (flora and fauna)
        771104 - Control of pests and exotic species
        771105 - Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
        771199 - Other

        Exclusions:


          R&D directed towards 'clean production' to minimise emissions to the environment from industrial processes is included in the relevant Subdivisions and Groups of the Defence, Economic Development and Society Divisions.
      Group 779900 - Other (Incl. Islands)

      This group covers R&D directed towards enhancing knowledge, awareness and understanding of the environment of other areas not elsewhere classified. This group has eight classes:


        779901 - Air quality
        779902 - Land and water management
        779903 - Living resources (flora and fauna)
        779904 - Control of pests and exotic species
        779905 - Integrated (ecosystem) assessment and management
        779906 - Remnant vegetation and protected conservation areas
        779907 - Rehabilitation of degraded areas
        779999 - Other

        Exclusions:


          R&D directed towards 'clean production' to minimise emissions to the environment from industrial processes is included in the relevant Subdivisions and Groups of the Defence, Economic Development and Society Divisions.





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