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1297.0 - Australian Standard Research Classification (ASRC), 1998  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 28/08/1998   
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Classification Structure - Division 270000 - Biological Sciences


DisciplineSubject
      Description

270100
      Biochemistry and Cell Biology
270101
      Analytical Biochemistry
270102
      Cell Metabolism
270103
      Protein Targeting and Signal Transduction
270104
      Membrane Biology
270105
      Cellular Interactions (incl. Adhesion, Matrix, Cell Wall)
270106
      Cell Development (incl. Cell Division and Apoptosis)
270107
      Cell Neurochemistry
270108
      Enzymes
270199
      Biochemistry and Cell Biology not elsewhere classified
270200
      Genetics
270201
      Gene Expression
270202
      Genome Structure
270203
      Population and Ecological Genetics
270204
      Anthropological Genetics
270205
      Genetic Development (incl. Sex Determination)
270206
      Genetic Immunology
270207
      Quantitative Genetics
270208
      Molecular Evolution
270209
      Meiosis and Recombination
270210
      Neurogenetics
270299
      Genetics not elsewhere classified
270300
      Microbiology
270301
      Bacteriology
270302
      Archaebacteriology
270303
      Virology
270304
      Infectious Agents
270305
      Mycology
270306
      Microbial Genetics
270307
      Microbial Ecology
270308
      Microbial Systematics, Taxonomy and Phylogeny
270399
      Microbiology not elsewhere classified
270400
      Botany
270401
      Plant Systematics, Taxonomy and Phylogeny
270402
      Plant Physiology
270403
      Plant Pathology
270404
      Phycology
270499
      Botany not elsewhere classified
270500
      Zoology
270501
      Animal Systematics, Taxonomy and Phylogeny
270502
      Neurobiology
270503
      Animal Anatomy and Histology
270504
      Invertebrate Biology
270599
      Zoology not elsewhere classified
270600
      Physiology
270601
      Animal Physiology - Biophysics
270602
      Animal Physiology - Cell
270603
      Animal Physiology - Systems
270604
      Comparative Physiology
270699
      Physiology not elsewhere classified
270700
      Ecology and Evolution
270701
      Freshwater Ecology
270702
      Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
270703
      Terrestrial Ecology
270704
      Landscape Ecology
270705
      Palaeoecology
270706
      Life Histories (incl. Population Ecology)
270707
      Sociobiology and Behavioural Ecology
270708
      Conservation and Biodiversity
270709
      Biogeography
270799
      Ecology and Evolution not elsewhere classified
270800
      Biotechnology
270801
      Gene Therapy
270802
      Diagnostic Applications
270803
      Transgenesis
270804
      Genetic Technologies: Transformation, Site-directed Mutagenesis, etc.
270805
      Genetic Engineering and Enzyme Technology
270899
      Biotechnology not elsewhere classified
279900
      Other Biological Sciences
279901
      Global Change Biology
279999
      Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified

Definitions

Division 270000 - Biological Sciences, covers the biological or life sciences, other than agricultural sciences or medical and health sciences. This division has nine disciplines:

    270100 - Biochemistry and Cell Biology
    270200 - Genetics
    270300 - Microbiology
    270400 - Botany
    270500 - Zoology
    270600 - Physiology
    270700 - Ecology and Evolution
    270800 - Biotechnology
    279900 - Other Biological Sciences

    Exclusions:


      (a) Biological or life sciences associated with agricultural and veterinary sciences, forestry, commercial fishing or other aspects of primary production are included in Division 300000 Agricultural, Veterinary and Environmental Sciences; and

      (b) biological or life sciences associated with human health and medicine are included in Division 320000 Medical and Health Sciences.

Discipline 270100 - Biochemistry and Cell Biology

This discipline covers biochemistry or the chemistry of living organisms. It includes cell biology and membrane biology. This discipline has nine subjects:

    270101 - Analytical Biochemistry
    270102 - Cell Metabolism
    270103 - Protein Targeting and Signal Transduction
    270104 - Membrane Biology
    270105 - Cellular Interactions (incl. Adhesion, Matrix, Cell Wall)
    270106 - Cell Development (incl. Cell Division and Apoptosis)
    270107 - Cell Neurochemistry
    270108 - Enzymes
    270199 - Biochemistry and Cell Biology not elsewhere classified

    Exclusions:


      (a) Plant biochemistry is included in Discipline 300200 Crop and Pasture Production; and

      (b) biochemistry associated with medical science is included in Discipline 320300 Medical Biochemistry and Clinical Chemistry.

Discipline 270200 - Genetics

This discipline covers genetics and heredity. This discipline has eleven subjects:

    270201 - Gene Expression
    270202 - Genome Structure
    270203 - Population and Ecological Genetics
    270204 - Anthropological Genetics
    270205 - Genetic Development (incl. Sex Determination)
    270206 - Genetic Immunology
    270207 - Quantitative Genetics
    270208 - Molecular Evolution
    270209 - Meiosis and Recombination
    270210 - Neurogenetics
    270299 - Genetics not elsewhere classified

    Exclusions:


      (a) Biotechnology (incl. genetic engineering) is included in Discipline 270800 Biotechnology;

      (b) plant genetics is included in Disciplines 300200 Crop and Pasture Production and 300300 Horticulture;

      (c) animal genetics associated with animal breeding is included in Discipline 300400 Animal Production; and

      (d) genetics associated with medical science is included in Discipline 321000 Clinical Sciences.

Discipline 270300 - Microbiology

This discipline covers microbiology or the study of microscopic organisms including bacteriology, parasitology and virology. This discipline has nine subjects:

    270301 - Bacteriology
    270302 - Archaebacteriology
    270303 - Virology
    270304 - Infectious Agents
    270305 - Mycology
    270306 - Microbial Genetics
    270307 - Microbial Ecology
    270308 - Microbial Systematics, Taxonomy and Phylogeny
    270399 - Microbiology not elsewhere classified

    Exclusions:


      (a) Veterinary microbiology is included in Discipline 300500 Veterinary Sciences; and

      (b) medical microbiology is included in Discipline 320400 Medical Microbiology.

Discipline 270400 - Botany

This discipline covers botany and related plant sciences. It includes:

      • mycology which for the purpose of this classification includes the study of lichen;
      • plant pathology other than associated with plant protection procedures in the field; and
      • phycology (incl. algae and marine grasses).

This discipline has five subjects:
    270401 - Plant Systematics, Taxonomy and Phylogeny
    270402 - Plant Physiology
    270403 - Plant Pathology
    270404 - Phycology
    270499 - Botany not elsewhere classified

    Exclusions:


      (a) Palaeobotany and palynology (other than palynology associated with ecological studies) are included in Discipline 260100 Geology;

      (b) plant ecology and palynology associated with ecological studies are included in Discipline 270700 Ecology and Evolution; and

      (c) plant science or plant pathology associated with agriculture, forestry or primary production is included in the appropriate disciplines in Division 300000 Agricultural Sciences.

Discipline 270500 - Zoology

This discipline covers zoology. It includes:

      • the study of terrestrial vertebrates (other than human), non-insect terrestrial invertebrates, ornithology, herpetology and freshwater ichthyology;
      • ethology; and
      • entomology

This discipline has five subjects:
    270501 - Animal Systematics, Taxonomy and Phylogeny
    270502 - Neurobiology
    270503 - Animal Anatomy and Histology
    270504 - Invertebrate Biology
    270599 - Zoology not elsewhere classified

    Exclusions:


      (a) Palaeontology is included in Discipline 260100 Geology;

      (b) animal physiology is included in Discipline 270600 Physiology;

      (c) the use of live animals for purposes of primary production is included in Discipline 300400 Animal Production;

      (d) fisheries and aquaculture for primary production are included in Discipline 300700 Fisheries Sciences;

      (e) the human immune system is included in Discipline 320200 Immunology;

      (f) the human nervous system is included in Discipline 320700 Neurosciences; and

      (g) the use of live animals or material from live animals for medical research is included in Discipline 329900 Other Medical and Health Sciences.

Discipline 270600 - Physiology

This discipline covers physiology other than medical or plant. This discipline has five subjects:

    270601 - Animal Physiology - Biophysics
    270602 - Animal Physiology - Cell
    270603 - Animal Physiology - Systems
    270604 - Comparative Physiology
    270699 - Physiology not elsewhere classified

    Exclusions:


      (a) Plant physiology is included in Discipline 270400 Botany;

      (b) physiology related to specific aspects of animal production or veterinary practice is included in the appropriate disciplines in Division 300000 Agricultural, Veterinary and Environmental Sciences; and

      (c) medical physiology is included in Discipline 320600 Medical Physiology.

Discipline 270700 - Ecology and Evolution

This discipline covers ecology or ecological systems, whether freshwater, marine or terrestrial, and evolutionary biology. It includes:

      • plant or animal ecology;
      • limnology and ecological studies (incl. palynology) of freshwater bodies such as lakes and ponds;
      • palaeoecology (incl. palynology associated with palaeoecological studies); and
      • life histories (incl. population ecology).

This discipline has ten subjects:
    270701 - Freshwater Ecology
    270702 - Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
    270703 - Terrestrial Ecology
    270704 - Landscape Ecology
    270705 - Palaeoecology
    270706 - Life Histories (incl. Population Ecology)
    270707 - Sociobiology and Behavioural Ecology
    270708 - Conservation and Biodiversity
    270709 - Biogeography
    270799 - Ecology and Evolution not elsewhere classified

    Exclusions:


      (a) Palaeontology is included in Discipline 260100 Geology; and

      (b) palynology in association with geological studies is also included in Discipline 260100 Geology.

Discipline 270800 - Biotechnology

This discipline covers biotechnology (incl. genetic engineering). This discipline has six subjects:

    270801 - Gene Therapy
    270802 - Diagnostic Applications
    270803 - Transgenesis
    270804 - Genetic Technologies: Transformation, Site-directed Mutagenesis, etc.
    270805 - Genetic Engineering and Enzyme Technology
    270899 - Biotechnology not elsewhere classified

    Exclusions:


      (a) Industrial biotechnology is included in Discipline 290100 Industrial Biotechnology and Food Sciences; and

      (b) medical biotechnology is included in Discipline 329900 Other Medical and Health Sciences.

Discipline 279900 - Other Biological Sciences

This discipline covers biological sciences not elsewhere classified. This discipline has two subjects:

    279901 - Global Change Biology
    279999 - Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified

    Exclusions:


      Phycology (incl. marine grasses) is included in Discipline 270400 Botany.





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