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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/01/2002   
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Contents >> Service Industries >> Gambling services

The ABS conducted its second survey of the gambling services industries in respect of 1997-98. The industries include businesses mainly engaged in lotteries and lotto operations, casino operations and other gambling services such as totalisator and bookmaker operations, but not the gambling services provided by clubs, pubs, taverns and bars, which accounted for about 41% of net takings from gambling in 1997-98 (see the Clubs, pubs, taverns and bars section).

As table 21.48 shows, there were 1,776 businesses in the gambling services industries at 30 June 1998, a decrease of 13% since the end of June 1995. However, employment increased from 32,062 to 37,035 persons in the same period, most of this increase being attributable to casinos, which increased employment by 4,694 persons during the period.

The industry generated total income of $7,935m in 1997-98. The major contributor was net takings from gambling, which increased by 37% over 1994-95, to $7,086m (89% of total income). Total income for the casinos industry grew by 64% in the period 1994-95 to 1997-98, a much higher rate than for lotteries (25%) and other gambling services (28%). Nevertheless, in terms of operating profit margin the lotteries and other gambling services industries (8.6% and 18.4% respectively) outperformed casinos (-10.8%). This was partly due to the very high abnormal expenses incurred by casinos in 1997-98.

Total expenses in 1997-98 for the gambling services industry was $7,518m; the major expense item was gambling/gaming taxes and levies, which accounted for just over 35% of total expenses.

Further information is included in the article Gambling in Australia in Year Book Australia 2000.


21.48 GAMBLING SERVICES INDUSTRIES

Units
Lotteries
Casinos
Other gambling
services
Total

Businesses at 30 June -
- 1994-95 no.
178
14
1,849
2,041
- 1997-98 no.
134
13
1,629
1,776
- Change %
-24.7
-7.1
-11.9
-13.0
Employment at 30 June -
- 1994-95 no.
2,006
15,837
14,219
32,062
- 1997-98 no.
2,782
20,531
13,722
37,035
- Change %
38.7
29.6
-3.5
15.5
Net takings from gambling -
- 1994-95 $m
1,885.1
1,381.8
1,909.5
5,176.4
- 1997-98 $m
2,440.3
2,165.1
2,480.8
7,086.2
- Change %
29.5
56.7
29.9
36.9
Commissions from gambling -
- 1994-95 $m
19.9
0.9
85.2
106.0
- 1997-98 $m
17.0
1.5
99.4
117.9
- Change %
-14.5
66.7
16.7
11.2
Total income (net of payouts to players) -
- 1994-95 $m
2,039.9
1,650.5
2,093.9
5,784.3
- 1997-98 $m
2,545.1
2,709.7
2,680.5
7,935.3
- Change %
24.8
64.2
28.0
37.2
Operating profit before tax -
- 1994-95 $m
250.2
107.4
405.4
762.9
- 1997-98 $m
217.2
-287.9
489.7
419.0
- Change %
-13.2
-368.2
20.8
-45.1
Operating profit margin -
- 1994-95 %
12.5
6.5
19.6
13.4
- 1997-98 %
8.6
-10.8
18.4
5.3

Source: Gambling Industries, Australia, 1997-98 (8684.0).


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