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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2004  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 15/06/2004   
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Contents >> Family and Community >> Family and Community data sources and definitions

Family and Community data sources and definitions



    FAMILY AND COMMUNITY: DATA SOURCES
    POPULATION: DATA SOURCES
    Indicators using this source
    Data source
    National indicators
    State indicators

    ABS 2001 Census of Population and Housing.
    7
    7
    ABS Births Collection.
    38-41
    38-41
    ABS Child Care Survey.
    44-49
    42-47
    ABS Labour Force Survey.
    4-6, 8-22
    4-6, 8-22
    ABS Marriages and Divorces Collection.
    26-30, 33-35
    26-30, 33-35
    ABS Surveys of Income and Housing.
    23
    23
    AIHW Perinatal Data Collection 1999.
    42-43
    -
    Australian Demographic Statistics (ABS cat. no. 3101.0).
    1-3, 24-25, 31-32, 36-37
    1-3, 24-25, 31-32, 36-37



    FAMILY AND COMMUNITY: DEFINITIONS
    Average family size
      for any group of families, the total number of family members divided by the number of families in the group.

    Births
      live births registered in that year. A live birth is the delivery of a child irrespective of the duration of pregnancy who, after being born, breathes or shows any evidence of life such as a heartbeat.
      Reference: Births, Australia (ABS cat. no. 3301.0).

    Births outside marriage
      births where the father was not registered as married to the mother at the time of the birth, whether or not the parents were living together at the time of the birth, and whether or not the child may subsequently have been adopted or their father and mother have subsequently been registered as married. Also known as exnuptial births.
      Reference: Births, Australia (ABS cat. no. 3301.0).

    Births outside marriage acknowledged by the father
      births outside registered marriage where the father's name is recorded on the birth certificate.
      Reference: Births, Australia (ABS cat. no. 3301.0).

    Child aged under 15 years
      a related or unrelated person aged under 15 years who forms a parent-child relationship with one person aged 15 years or over resident in the household.
      Reference: Labour Force, Australia (ABS cat. no. 6203.0).

    Couple family
      a family based on two persons who are in a registered or de facto marriage and who are usually resident in the same household. The family may include any number of dependants, non-dependants and other related individuals. It is not necessary for a parent-child relationship to be formed, thus a couple family can consist of a couple without children present in the household.
      Reference: Australian Labour Market Statistics (ABS cat. no. 6105.0).

    Couple-only family
      a couple family with no dependent children or other family members (e.g. non-dependant children) present.
      Reference: Labour Force, Australia (ABS cat. no. 6203.0).

    Crude divorce rate
      the number of divorces (decrees absolute of dissolution of marriage) granted in the calendar year per 1,000 of the estimated resident population at 30 June of that year.
      Reference: Marriages and Divorces, Australia (ABS cat. no. 3310.0).

    Crude marriage rate
      the number of marriages registered in the calendar year per 1,000 of the estimated resident population at 30 June of that year.
      Reference: Marriages and Divorces, Australia (ABS cat. no. 3310.0).

    De facto couple
      two people (of the same or opposite sex) who live together in the same household who are not registered as married to each other but reported being either: de facto, partner, common law husband/wife/spouse, lover, boyfriend or girlfriend.
      Reference: 2001 Census of Population and Housing.

    Divorce
      decree absolute of dissolution of a registered marriage.
      Reference: Marriages and Divorces, Australia (ABS cat. no. 3310.0).

    Divorces involving children
      divorces of couples with unmarried children of the registered marriage who were aged under 18 years at the time of application for divorce. Under the Family Act 1975, adopted and ex-nuptial children and children from a former registered marriage may be included (in certain cases). Children who are registered as marriage or aged 18 years and over are not subject to custody and guardianship orders and are excluded.
      Reference: Marriages and Divorces, Australia (ABS cat. no. 3310.0).

    Duration of marriage until separation
      the interval measured in complete years between the date of marriage and the date of separation.
      Reference: Marriages and Divorces, Australia (ABS cat. no. 3310.0)

    Employed person
      persons aged 15 years and over who either worked during the reference week for pay, profit, commission, payment in kind or without pay for one hour or more in a family business, or who had a job but were not at work. Also includes employers, own account workers or contributing family workers who had a job, business or farm, but were not at work.
      Reference: Australian Labour Market Statistics (ABS cat. no. 6105.0).

    Estimated resident population
      the official measure of the population of Australia based on the concept of residence. It refers to all people, regardless of nationality or citizenship, who usually live in Australia, with the exception of foreign diplomatic personnel and their families. It includes usual residents who are overseas for less than 12 months. It excludes overseas residents who are in Australia for less than 12 months.
      Estimated resident population (ERP) is an estimate of the Australian population obtained by adding to the estimated population at the beginning of each period the components of natural increase (on a usual residence basis) and net overseas migration. For the states and territories, account is also taken of estimated interstate movements involving a change of usual residence.
      Reference: Australian Demographic Statistics (ABS cat. no. 3101.0).

    Family
      two or more persons, one of whom is aged 15 years of age, who are related by blood, marriage (registered or de facto), adoption, step or fostering; and who are usually resident in the same household. The basis of family is formed by identifying the presence of a couple relationship, lone parent-child relationship or other blood relationship. Some households will, therefore, contain more than one family.
      Reference: Australian Labour Market Statistics (ABS cat. no. 6105.0).

    Formal child care
      regulated care, away from the child's home. The main types of formal care are: before and after school care; long-day care; family and day care; occasional care and preschool.
      Reference: Child Care, Australia (ABS cat. no. 4402.0).

    Household
      a group of two or more related or unrelated people who usually reside in the same dwelling, who regard themselves as a household, and who make common provision for food or other essentials for living; or a person living in a dwelling who makes provision for his/her food and other essentials for living, without combining with any other person.
      Reference: Australian Demographic Statistics (ABS cat. no. 3101.0).

    Informal child care
      non-regulated care, arranged by the child's parent/guardian, either in the child's home or elsewhere. It comprises care by: (step) brothers or sisters; grandparents, other relatives including a parent living elsewhere and other (unrelated) people such as friends, neighbours, nannies or babysitters. It may be paid or unpaid.
      Reference: Child Care, Australia (ABS cat. no. 4402.0).

    Lone parent
      a person who has no spouse or partner present in the household but who forms a parent-child relationship with at least one dependent or non-dependant child usually resident in the household.
      Reference: Australian Labour Market Statistics (ABS cat. no. 6105.0).

    Lone person
      a person who makes provision for his/her food and other essentials for living without combining with any other person to form part of a multi-person household. He or she may live in a dwelling on their own or share a dwelling with another individual or household.
      Reference: Labour Force, Australia (ABS cat. no. 6203.0).

    Median
      the value at which half the population falls above and half falls below.

    Median age
      the age at which half the given population is older and half is younger.
      Reference: Population by Age and Sex, Australian States and Territories (ABS cat. no. 3201.0).

    Median age of mothers at first birth
      the median age of mothers at the end of first confinement. A confinement is a pregnancy which results in at least one live birth: multiple births (e.g. twins) may be involved.
      Reference: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Australia's Mothers and Babies (1996).

    Median hours of care
      hours of care is defined as the number of hours a child attended child care in the survey reference week. Median hours of care is the number of hours of care per week at which half the children who received formal and/or informal child care fall below the value and half above.
      Reference: Child Care, Australia (ABS cat. no. 4402.0).

    One-parent family
      a family consisting of a lone parent with at least one dependant or non-dependant child (regardless of age) who is also usually resident in the household. The family may include any number of dependant children, non-dependant children and other related individuals.
      Reference: Australian Labour Market Statistics (ABS cat. no. 6105.0).

    Registered marriage
      formally registered marriage for which the partners hold a marriage certificate.
      Reference: Marriages and Divorces, Australia (ABS cat. no. 3310.0).

    Total fertility rate
      the average number of children a woman would bear during her lifetime if she conformed to the current age-specific fertility rates throughout her reproductive life.
      Reference: Births, Australia (ABS cat. no. 3301.0).
 
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