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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2004  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 15/06/2004   
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Contents >> Education and Training >> National and state summary tables

National and state summary tables

EDUCATION AND TRAINING: NATIONAL SUMMARY

PARTICIPANTS

Units
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

1
School students(a)
'000
3,098
3,099
3,109
3,143
3,172
3,199
3,227
3,247
3,268
3,302
3,319
2
Students in government schools(a)
%
71.9
71.5
71.0
70.7
70.3
70.0
69.7
69.2
68.8
68.4
67.9
3
Females - of all Year 11 and 12 students(a)
%
51.1
51.4
51.8
51.8
51.8
52.0
52.1
52.1
51.8
51.5
51.4
4
Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent retention rate
- males(b)
%
71.9
69.6
66.7
65.9
66.2
65.9
66.4
66.1
68.1
69.8
70.3
5
Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent retention rate
- females(b)
%
81.4
79.9
77.9
77.0
77.8
77.7
78.5
78.7
79.1
80.7
80.7
6
Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent retention rate
- Indigenous(b)
%
n.a.
32.5
30.6
29.2
30.9
32.1
34.7
36.4
35.7
38.0
39.1
7
Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent retention rate
- non-Indigenous(b)
%
n.a.
76.5
73.2
72.4
72.9
72.7
73.2
73.3
74.5
76.3
76.5
8
Education participation - of all aged 15-19(c)
%
73.4
72.9
73.9
74.0
77.4
76.9
77.8
77.6
77.4
77.3
77.5
9
Education participation - of all aged 20-24(c)
%
25.8
26.6
28.0
31.5
31.0
32.1
34.4
34.4
34.8
37.2
37.5
10
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
students(d)
'000
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r1,453
r1,514
r1,620
r1,713
r1,685
1,690
n.y.a.
11
Apprentices and trainees
'000
138.0
131.0
136.0
156.5
171.1
192.7
252.2
276.4
314.9
r356.5
398.2
12
Females - of all VET students(d)
%
45.9
45.9
47.2
47.6
r46.4
47.3
48.7
49.0
r48.5
48.1
n.y.a.
13
Higher education students(e)
'000
575.6
585.4
604.2
634.1
658.8
671.9
686.3
695.5
r842.2
r896.6
n.y.a.
14
Females - of all higher education students(e)
%
53.4
53.5
53.9
54.3
54.4
54.7
55.0
55.2
r54.4
r54.4
n.y.a.
15
Overseas students
- of all higher education students(e)(f)
%
6.4
6.9
7.6
8.4
9.6
10.7
12.1
13.7
r18.7
r20.6
n.y.a.

EDUCATION OUTCOMES

Units
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

With non-school educational
qualifications of all persons
aged 15-64 years(g)
16
Of all aged 15-64(h)(i)
%
39.1
39.0
41.0
42.3
40.4
41.9
43.7
43.8
47.2
48.2
49.1
17
Bachelor degree or above
%
10.1
11.5
11.9
12.8
13.6
14.3
15.4
15.7
17.0
17.8
18.1
18
Advanced diploma and diploma or below
%
28.9
27.5
29.1
29.4
26.8
27.6
28.3
28.1
r29.1
r29.8
30.2
19
Females - of all with non-school
educational qualifications
%
42.6
44.1
43.9
44.1
44.6
45.1
45.2
45.8
r46.9
46.8
46.5
With non-school educational
qualifications of all persons
aged 25-64(g)
20
Of all aged 25-64(h)(i)
%
44.6
44.1
46.4
47.7
45.5
47.3
49.3
49.5
53.3
54.4
55.3
21
Bachelor degree or above
%
11.8
13.4
13.8
14.8
15.6
16.6
17.7
18.1
19.7
20.4
20.9
22
Advanced diploma and diploma or below
%
32.8
30.8
32.6
32.9
29.9
30.7
31.7
31.4
r32.3
r33.2
33.4
23
Higher education students completing
courses
'000
132.9
138.7
141.0
145.3
155.3
161.7
164.4
r170.9
r187.0
200.6
n.y.a.
Without non-school educational
qualifications of all persons
aged 15-64(g)
24
Of all aged 15-64(h)
%
60.9
61.0
59.0
57.7
59.6
58.1
56.3
56.2
52.8
51.8
50.9
25
Did not complete Year 12(j)
%
37.3
37.7
36.1
34.8
36.3
34.2
32.7
32.0
36.1
34.9
33.8
Reading - proportion of Year 5 students
reaching national benchmarks(k)
26
Males
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
83.4(k)
85.2
87.8
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
27
Females
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
88.4(k)
89.6
92.0
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
Numeracy - proportion of Year 5
students reaching national benchmarks
28
Males
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
89.4
89.5
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
29
Females
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
89.8
89.8
n.y.a.
n.y.a.

LABOUR MARKET OUTCOMES

Units
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

Unemployment rate (aged 15-64)
30
With non-school educational
qualifications(g)(h)(i)
%
7.1
6.1
5.5
5.3
5.4
5.0
4.6
4.4
4.6
4.2
4.3
31
Bachelor degree or above
%
4.8
4.7
3.6
3.8
3.5
3.1
3.0
3.0
2.8
2.7
3.1
32
Advanced diploma and diploma or below
%
8.0
6.7
6.3
6.0
6.5
6.0
5.5
5.2
5.7
5.1
5.0
33
Without non-school educational
qualifications(h)
%
14.1
13.0
11.1
11.3
11.6
10.9
10.3
9.1
9.6
9.1
8.6
34
Completed Year 12(j)
%
12.3
11.0
9.9
10.0
8.9
8.6
7.7
7.2
7.5
7.0
6.4
35
Did not complete Year 12(j)
%
14.9
13.9
11.7
12.0
13.0
12.2
11.8
10.3
10.8
10.3
10.0

FINANCIAL RESOURCES

Units
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999(l)
2000
2001
2002
2003

Government expenses on
education(m)
36
Proportion of GDP(l)
%
4.9
4.7
4.6
4.5
4.5
4.4
5.2
5.1
5.2
5.3
n.y.a.
37
Primary and secondary(l)
$'000m
12.0
12.2
12.5
13.0
13.9
14.7
17.3
18.2
19.5
21.3
n.y.a.
38
Tertiary(l)
$'000m
6.9
7.1
7.6
7.6
8.1
8.0
11.7
12.1
12.8
13.6
n.y.a.

HUMAN RESOURCES

Units
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

Student/teaching staff ratio
39
All schools
ratio
15.3
15.5
15.4
15.4
15.3
15.3
15.0
14.9
14.7
14.7
14.5
40
Government schools
ratio
15.2
15.4
15.4
15.4
15.3
15.3
14.9
14.9
14.7
14.8
14.6
41
Primary schools
ratio
18.4
18.5
18.2
18.1
17.9
17.9
17.3
17.3
17.0
16.9
16.6
42
Secondary schools
ratio
12.4
12.6
12.7
12.8
12.8
12.8
12.7
12.6
12.5
12.5
12.4
43
Higher education
ratio
15.3
14.7
15.1
15.9
17.3
18.0
18.0
18.3
18.7
19.5
n.y.a.
Female teachers/academic staff
44
Of all primary school teachers
%
74.4
74.7
76.1
76.2
76.9
77.5
78.0
78.3
78.7
79.1
79.1
45
Of all secondary school teachers
%
51.1
51.3
52.3
52.6
53.1
53.5
54.1
54.4
54.9
55.1
55.3
46
Of all higher education academic
staff(n)
%
32.6
32.8
33.5
34.1
34.4
35.1
35.5
36.3
37.5
38.1
38.7

PROVIDERS

Units
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

47
Schools
no.
9,865
9,679
9,648
9,630
9,609
9,587
9,590
9,609
r9,515
r9,612
9,607
48
Government schools - of all schools
%
74.7
74.0
73.8
73.6
73.2
73.0
72.7
72.6
r72.3
r72.3
72.1

(a) Refers to full-time students only.
(b) Refers to the number of full-time students in Year 12 divided by the number of full-time students in the first year of secondary school (Year 7 in NSW, the ACT, Vic. and Tas.; Year 8 in Qld, SA, the NT and WA) when the Year 12 cohort began secondary school. Care should be taken in interpreting apparent retention rates as they do not account for students repeating a year or migrating into or out of the relevant school student population.
(c) Data for 1993 and 1994 refer to courses leading to recognised qualifications only.
(d) Data prior to 1994 are not strictly comparable to more recent data due to changes in scope and collection methodology. Community education providers were included in the collection from 1995, private providers were included from 1996, and VET in schools was included from 1997 to 2001. Data prior to 2002 has been revised by the National Centre for Vocational Education Research to account for the change in scope.
(e) The scope of the data in 2002 is different to that used for reporting students in previous publications in the Selected Higher Education Statistics series. 2001 data has been recalculated by the Department of Education, Science and Training to align with the change in scope. Refer to Students 2002: Selected Higher Education Statistics for more detail.
(f)Prior to 1996, New Zealand students were counted as being overseas students.
(g) There have been three major breaks in the series between 1993 and 2003. The breaks listed below are considered to have impacted on the comparability of data relating to qualifications. In 1994 qualifications of nurses were treated separately, in 1997 prompt cards were no longer used and computer assisted coding methodology was adopted, resulting in changes in the relative distribution within vocational education qualifications, and in 2001, the Australian Bureau of Statistics Classification of Qualifications (ABSCQ) was replaced by the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED) (cat. no. 1272.0).
(h) Estimates refer to recognised qualifications only.
(i) Includes persons who have a qualification where the level can not be determined.
(j) Includes persons who are still at school.
(k) In 1999, data do not include a number of Queensland students, who were formally exempted from testing.
(l) Series break due to the introduction of Accrual Accounting in the 1998-99 financial year. Data for the 1998-99 financial year onwards are not comparable with the cash-based estimates in previous financial years.
(m) Prior to 1998-99, this indicator refers to cash outlays on education including capital outlays. From 1998-99 onwards, when accrual accounting was implemented in Government Finance Statistics (GFS), this indicator refers to Operating Expenses and does not include a capital component.
(n) Data cover full-time and fractional full-time staff but exclude casual academic staff.
Reference periods: Data for indicators 1-7, 39-42, 44-45 and 47-48 are at August, except for 1992-1994 (July).
Data for indicators 8-9, 16-22, 24-25 and 30-35 are at May.
Data for indicators 10-12 are at 30 June.
Data for indicators 13-15, 23, 43 and 46 are at 31 August from 2002 and 31 March prior to 2002.
Data for indicators 26-29 are at August.
Data for indicators 36-38 are for the financial year ending 30 June.
EDUCATION AND TRAINING: STATE SUMMARY

PARTICIPANTS

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT(a)
ACT
Aust.

1
School students(b)
'000
2003
1,107
819
630
249
334
82
37
60
3,319
2
Students in government schools(b)
%
2003
67.7
65.4
70.7
67.5
68.9
74.2
76.9
60.8
67.9
3
Females - of all Year 11 and 12 students(b)
%
2003
51.8
51.8
50.6
52.2
50.5
53.4
50.7
49.1
51.4
4
Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent retention rate
- males(c)
%
2003
65.8
74.7
77.6
60.8
67.2
66.6
54.8
87.1
70.3
5
Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent retention rate
- females(c)
%
2003
75.3
88.4
85.7
73.7
75.3
83.4
58.0
92.5
80.7
6
Education participation - of all aged 15-19
%
2003
78.3
85.3
71.1
75.7
72.4
73.3
59.7
77.5
77.5
7
Education participation - of all aged 20-24
%
2003
37.8
43.7
31.7
32.8
34.3
28.3
26.2
50.4
37.5
8
Vocational Education and Training (VET)
students(d)
'000
2002
557.2
497.4
298.9
127.7
133.8
32.8
22.5
19.8
1,690.1
9
Apprentices and trainees
'000
2003
116.3
137.2
67.8
32.0
23.8
13.4
2.5
5.2
398.2
10
Females - of all VET students(d)
%
2002
49.6
47.5
47.0
49.5
46.3
43.6
46.7
49.5
48.1
11
Higher education students(e)(f)
'000
2002
r289.9
r228.6
r170.9
r60.5
r88.5
r15.7
r6.4
r24.3
r896.6
12
Females - of all higher education students(e)(f)
%
2002
r53.9
r53.9
r54.2
r56.2
r56.2
r49.7
r64.6
r50.4
r54.4
13
Overseas students
- of all higher education students(e)(f)
%
2002
r20.1
r23.3
r19.6
r21.5
r23.1
r9.3
r5.4
r16.5
r20.6

EDUCATION OUTCOMES

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT(a)
ACT
Aust.

With non-school educational qualifications
of all persons aged 15-64 years
14
Of all aged 15-64(g)(h)
%
2003
51.3
49.4
45.9
45.4
49.6
44.3
45.0
56.2
49.1
15
Bachelor degree or above
%
2003
19.1
21.0
14.3
14.5
16.1
13.9
17.2
29.8
18.1
16
Advanced diploma and diploma or below
%
2003
31.2
27.7
30.7
30.3
32.8
29.5
27.1
25.4
30.2
17
Females -
all with non-school educational qualifications
%
2003
47.4
46.5
45.3
45.4
45.9
46.7
46.0
48.0
46.5
With non-school educational qualifications
of all persons aged 25-64
18
Of all aged 25-64(g)(h)
%
2003
58.0
55.6
51.4
51.2
56.0
50.3
51.4
65.5
55.3
19
Bachelor degree or above
%
2003
21.8
24.3
16.8
16.8
18.5
16.3
20.2
36.0
20.9
20
Advanced diploma and diploma or below
%
2003
35.0
30.5
33.5
33.5
36.7
32.9
30.3
28.4
33.4
21
Higher education students completing courses(d)(e)
'000
2002
62.8
54.4
35.5
13.9
20.4
4.0
1.0
5.9
200.6
Without non-school educational qualifications
of all persons aged 15-64
22
Of all aged 15-64(g)(h)
%
2003
48.7
50.6
54.1
54.6
50.4
55.7
55.0
43.8
50.9
23
Did not complete Year 12(i)
%
2003
32.3
33.1
35.4
37.6
34.0
44.1
38.8
22.0
33.8
Reading - proportion of Year 5 students
reaching national benchmarks
24
Males
%
2001
90.5
88.7
80.1
86.5
93.2
92.2
71.0
92.9
87.8
25
Females
%
2001
93.5
93.1
86.3
91.6
95.9
96.6
72.2
96.4
92.0
Numeracy - proportion of Year 5 students
reaching national benchmarks
26
Males
%
2001
91.5
94.4
82.2
85.6
89.7
91.2
69.2
92.2
89.5
27
Females
%
2001
91.8
94.9
81.9
86.2
90.3
92.2
68.3
94.0
89.8

LABOUR MARKET OUTCOMES

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT(a)
ACT
Aust.

Unemployment rate (aged 15-64)
28
With non-school educational qualifications(g)(h)
%
2003
4.2
4.3
4.6
4.0
4.3
4.3
*3.5
3.3
4.3
29
Bachelor degree or above
%
2003
3.5
3.2
2.5
*2.0
3.4
*2.0
**
*2.7
3.1
30
Advanced diploma and diploma or below
%
2003
4.7
5.0
5.6
5.0
4.8
5.5
*5.4
4.2
5.0
31
Without non-school educational qualifications(g)
%
2003
8.7
8.1
9.3
8.9
7.6
11.0
9.0
5.8
8.6
32
Completed Year 12(i)
%
2003
6.7
5.9
6.2
7.7
5.6
9.8
*5.8
4.8
6.4
33
Did not complete Year 12(i)
%
2003
10.0
9.5
11.3
9.5
8.8
11.3
10.6
7.1
10.0

HUMAN RESOURCES

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Student/teaching staff ratio
34
All schools
ratio
2003
14.7
14.1
14.5
14.8
14.8
14.6
13.3
14.0
14.5
35
Government schools
ratio
2003
15.0
14.3
14.5
14.7
14.8
14.8
13.1
13.5
14.6
36
Primary schools
ratio
2003
17.3
16.3
15.8
16.4
16.9
16.2
14.6
16.1
16.6
37
Secondary schools
ratio
2003
12.3
12.1
12.9
12.7
12.3
13.1
11.1
12.3
12.4
38
Higher education(e)(f)
ratio
2002
19.5
19.5
21.9
17.6
18.6
18.9
21.3
16.3
19.5
Female teachers/academic staff
39
Of all primary school teachers
%
2003
79.8
79.9
77.9
76.2
78.7
79.0
82.6
83.5
79.1
40
Of all secondary school teachers
%
2003
55.2
56.8
56.0
49.4
52.7
54.4
59.6
60.5
55.3
41
Of all higher education academic staff(f)(j)
%
2003
37.6
41.6
37.4
39.0
38.0
34.5
50.2
30.7
38.7

PROVIDERS

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

42
Schools
no.
2003
3,092
2,312
1,728
809
1,064
281
183
138
9,607
43
Government schools - of all schools
%
2003
70.7
69.9
74.2
75.3
73.1
76.2
82.0
68.8
72.1

(a) Estimates for Northern Territory refer to mainly urban areas only for indicators 6-7, 14-20, 22-23 and 28-33.
(b) Refers to full-time students only.
(c) Refers to the number of full-time students in Year 12 divided by the number of full-time students in the first year of secondary school (Year 7 in NSW, the ACT, Vic. and Tas.; Year 8 in Qld, SA, the NT and WA) when the Year 12 cohort began secondary school. Care should be taken in interpreting apparent retention rates as they do not account for students repeating a year or migrating into or out of the relevant school student population.
(d) Excludes VET in schools.
(e) State and territory totals exclude students of the Australian Catholic University which has campuses in more than one state or territory.
(f) Australian total includes multi-state universities.
(g) Estimates refer to recognised qualifications only.
(h) Includes persons who have a qualification where the level can not be determined.
(i) Includes persons who are still at school.
(j) Data cover full-time and fractional full-time staff but exclude casual academic staff.
Reference periods: Data for indicators 6-7, 14-20, 22-23 and 28-33 are at May.
Data for indicators 8-10 are at 30 June.
Data for all other indicators are at August.


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