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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2005  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 21/01/2005   
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Contents >> Housing >> Housing costs and income

Housing costs cover different items for different types of tenure. For owners who have no mortgage, housing costs comprise the rates paid. For owners with a mortgage, housing costs consist of the value of the mortgage payments as well as property rates. For households renting their dwelling, housing costs comprise the regular rental amounts paid to landlords.

In the 2000-01 Survey of Income and Housing Costs, owners with a mortgage reported average housing costs of $220 per week, somewhat higher than the average housing costs for other forms of tenure (table 8.7). Households renting from private landlords had average weekly housing costs of $173, compared with $73 for tenants of state or territory housing authorities.


8.7 OWNER AND RENTER HOUSEHOLDS, Housing costs by household composition - 2000-01

Couple, one family

Tenure and landlord type
Couple only
Couple with dependent children only
Couple -
other
Total couples,
one family
One parent, one family
Lone person
Other
Total

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOUSING COSTS ($)

Owner without a mortgage
22
29
29
25
26
18
25
23
Owner with a mortgage
230
233
210
229
179
180
232
220
Renter -state/territory housing authority
79
108
123
100
72
47
105
73
Renter - private landlord
197
184
227
195
165
140
188
173
Total renters(a)
179
169
197
177
137
115
176
150
Total owner and renter households
107
177
116
136
133
81
145
123

AVERAGE GROSS WEEKLY INCOME ($)

Owner without a mortgage
699
1,395
1,550
1,046
688
370
1,126
850
Owner with a mortgage
1,349
1,335
1,821
1,421
829
742
1,460
1,305
Renter - state/territory housing authority
436
664
948
640
398
199
607
404
Renter - private landlord
1,069
1,077
1,448
1,126
606
532
1,137
873
Total renters(a)
988
1,040
1,350
1,067
547
446
1,068
784
Total owner and renter households
930
1,290
1,621
1,206
642
459
1,177
981

AVERAGE HOUSING COSTS AS A PROPORTION OF INCOME (%)

Owner without a mortgage
3
2
2
2
*4
5
2
3
Owner with a mortgage
17
17
12
16
22
24
16
17
Renter - state/territory housing authority
*18
16
**13
16
18
24
*17
18
Renter - private landlord
18
17
16
17
27
26
17
20
Total renters(a)
18
16
15
17
25
26
16
19
Total owner and renter households
11
14
7
11
21
18
12
13

HOUSEHOLDS (’000)

Owner without a mortgage
963.7
348.6
420.7
1,733.0
74.9
793.6
195.4
2,796.9
Owner with a mortgage
491.6
975.8
295.9
1,763.3
143.7
283.5
160.1
2,350.5
Renter - state/territory housing authority
33.9
40.6
*19.5
94.0
86.0
143.9
39.4
363.2
Renter - private landlord
237.5
262.2
80.5
580.3
220.3
464.8
270.9
1,536.3
Total renters(a)
283.8
321.4
109.8
715.0
317.1
647.6
321.7
2,001.4
Total owner and renter households
1,739.0
1,645.8
826.4
4,211.2
535.7
1,724.7
677.2
7,148.8

HOUSEHOLD AND DWELLING SIZE (no.)

Average persons in household
2.0
4.0
4.0
3.2
3.0
1.0
2.7
2.6
Average bedrooms in dwelling
3.0
3.4
3.6
3.3
3.0
2.4
3.0
3.0

(a) Includes other landlord types.

Source: ABS data available on request, Survey of Income and Housing Costs, 2000-01.


For many households, weekly housing costs are a significant proportion of their gross weekly income. In 2000-01 housing costs represented 17% of gross weekly income for owners with a mortgage, 18% of gross weekly income for tenants of a state or territory housing authority and 20% of gross weekly income for tenants renting from a private landlord (table 8.7). Housing costs as a proportion of income differed depending on tenure type, landlord type and household composition (graph 8.8 and table 8.9).

See also Housing costs - capital cities, which focuses on capital city households, drawing on results from the same survey.

Graph 8.8: AVERAGE HOUSING COSTS AS A PROPORTION OF INCOME, By tenure and landlord type, and household composition - 2000-01


8.9 OWNER AND RENTER HOUSEHOLDS, Housing costs as a proportion of income - 2000-01

Renter

Housing costs as a proportion of income
Units
Owner without a mortgage
Owner with a mortgage
State/territory housing authority
Private landlord
Total(a)
Total

25% or less
%
97.6
70.9
79.5
57.4
62.5
79.0
More than 25%-30%
%
*0.3
9.1
11.7
9.5
9.8
5.9
More than 30%-50%
%
0.6
13.4
7.7
21.9
18.7
9.9
More than 50%
%
1.5
6.6
**1.1
11.3
9.0
5.3
Total(b)
%
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Number of households
'000
2,796.9
2,350.5
363.2
1,536.3
2,001.4
7,148.8

(a) Includes other landlord types.
(b) Includes households with nil or negative total income.

Source: ABS data available on request, Survey of Income and Housing Costs, 2000-01.


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