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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/01/2002   
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Contents >> Science and Innovation >> Expenditure and human resources devoted to R&D

The OECD defines R&D to comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of people, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications.

Statistics on the amount of expenditure and human resources devoted to R&D in the business sector are collected annually. Comparable statistics on the higher education, government and private non-profit sectors are collected biennially. Tables 25.1 and 25.2 summarise the latest statistics available.


25.1 EXPENDITURE ON R&D, By Sector

Sector
1994-95

$m
1995-96

$m
1996-97

$m
1997-98

$m
1998-99

$m
1999-2000

$m

Business
3,508.3
4,356.6
4,237.2
4,219.1
4,067.6
4,045.3
Government -
- Commonwealth
1,193.3
n.a.
1,264.2
n.a.
1,192.6
n.a.
- State
782.8
n.a.
812.7
n.a.
879.0
n.a.
- Total
1,976.0
n.a.
2,076.9
n.a.
2,071.6
n.a.
Higher education(a)
1,829.6
2,039.1
2,307.6
n.a.
2,602.7
n.a.
Private non-profit
152.7
n.a.
173.4
n.a.
183.9
n.a.
Total
7,466.6
n.a.
8,795.1
n.a.
8,925.8
n.a.

(a) Data for the calendar year ending within the financial year shown.

Source: Research and Experimental Development, Businesses, Australia (8104.0); Research and Experimental Development, Higher Education Organisations, Australia (8111.0); Research and Experimental Development, All Sector Summary, Australia (8112.0).



25.2 HUMAN RESOURCES DEVOTED TO R&D, By Sector

Sector
1994-95

’000 person

years
1995-96

’000 person

years
1996-97

’000 person

years
1997-98

’000 person

years
1998-99

’000 person

years
1999-2000

’000 person

years

Business
25.8
27.1
26.4
24.8
25.0
26.1
Government -
- Commonwealth
10.7
n.a.
10.3
n.a.
9.4
n.a.
- State
8.6
n.a.
9.0
n.a.
9.5
n.a.
- Total
19.3
n.a.
19.4
n.a.
18.9
n.a.
Higher education(a)
40.1
n.a.
42.7
n.a.
45.5
n.a.
Private non-profit
1.7
n.a.
2.2
n.a.
2.1
n.a.
Total
87.0
n.a.
90.7
n.a.
91.5
n.a.

(a) Data for the calendar year ending within the financial year shown.

Source: Research and Experimental Development, Businesses, Australia (8104.0); Research and Experimental Development, All Sector Summary, Australia (8112.0).


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