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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2004  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 15/06/2004   
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Contents >> Work >> National and state summary tables

National and state summary tables


WORK: NATIONAL SUMMARY

LABOUR FORCE

Units
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

1
Total labour force
'000
r8,574
r8,696
r8,886
r9,066
r9,173
r9,261
r9,399
r9,578
r9,758
9,889
10,075
2
Females - of total labour force
%
41.9
42.3
42.7
43.0
43.1
43.2
43.3
43.6
43.9
44.0
44.4
3
Participation rate
%
62.6
r62.8
63.3
r63.7
r63.5
63.1
r63.2
63.4
63.7
63.7
63.9
4
Males
%
r73.9
73.6
r73.8
73.8
73.4
r73.0
72.8
r72.6
72.5
72.4
72.0
5
Females
%
51.7
52.2
53.2
53.8
r53.9
53.6
r53.9
54.5
r55.2
55.3
56.0
6
Females with children aged 0-4
%
47.6
46.1
49.3
47.4
47.7
48.2
47.1
49.3
49.8
49.2
49.5
7
Persons aged 15-19
%
r55.1
55.8
r58.8
r59.2
r59.0
r57.7
r58.3
r59.4
r60.1
59.6
59.5
8
Persons aged 20-24
%
r82.1
82.1
r82.8
83.0
82.5
r82.0
r82.2
82.2
r82.3
81.8
81.4
9
Median age of male labour force
years
36
36
36
37
37
37
37
37
38
38
39
10
Median age of female labour force
years
35
35
35
36
36
36
36
37
37
37
37

EMPLOYED PEOPLE

Units
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

11
Total employed
'000
r7,634
r7,781
r8,093
r8,301
r8,381
r8,496
r8,681
r8,917
r9,111
9,232
9,459
12
Proportion of the total population in work
%
r43.4
r43.7
r45.0
r45.5
r45.4
r45.6
r46.1
r46.8
r47.2
r47.2
47.8
Part-time work
13
Persons employed part-time -
of total employed
%
r23.5
r23.8
r24.4
r24.6
r25.2
r25.6
r26.0
r26.1
r26.6
27.9
28.5
14
Males employed part-time -
of total males employed
%
r10.2
r10.4
r10.9
r11.0
r11.7
r12.0
r12.5
r12.5
r13.3
14.4
14.8
15
Females employed part-time -
of total females employed
%
r41.7
r41.9
r42.5
r42.5
r42.9
r43.3
r43.5
r43.7
r43.5
45.2
45.7
16
Females employed part-time -
of total part-time employed
%
r75.1
r75.0
r74.5
r74.6
r73.7
r73.4
r72.7
r73.0
r72.0
71.3
71.2
17
Average hours worked per week
by persons employed part-time
hours
r15.0
r15.1
15.3
15.2
15.4
15.5
r15.5
15.7
15.7
15.8
16.0
18
Persons employed part-time who prefer
more hours - of all part-time employed
%
r29.1
r28.1
r26.4
26.1
r26.5
r26.0
r25.7
23.9
24.3
27.3
26.3
19
Persons employed part-time who worked
15 hours or less per week
- of all part-time employed
%
53.4
52.8
51.8
52.1
r51.1
50.8
50.8
49.8
49.6
49.2
48.3
Full-time work
20
Average hours worked per week
by persons employed full-time
hours
40.3
40.7
40.9
40.5
41.0
41.2
41.1
41.4
40.7
40.8
41.1
21
Persons employed full-time working
50 hours or more per week
- of all full-time employed
%
22.4
23.7
24.3
23.7
r24.4
24.9
24.9
25.5
23.9
24.3
24.7
Employment arrangements
22
Employees without leave entitlements
- of all employees
%
22.7
23.7
24.0
26.1
25.8
26.9
26.4
27.3
27.2
27.3
27.6
23
Males employed without leave entitlements
- of all male employees
%
16.4
18.1
18.5
21.2
20.9
22.6
22.0
23.0
23.6
23.5
24.0
24
Females employed without leave entitlements
- of all female employees
%
30.6
30.8
30.8
32.0
31.7
32.0
31.8
32.3
31.5
31.6
31.9
25
Employers and own account workers
- of total employed
%
15.2
15.2
14.6
14.6
13.9
14.3
13.6
13.5
13.2
13.2
13.1
Industry
26
Employed in service industries
- of total employed
%
r71.0
r71.1
71.7
72.3
72.6
72.9
73.6
73.1
73.7
74.0
74.6
27
Employed in manufacturing industry
- of total employed
%
14.3
14.1
13.8
13.4
13.5
13.3
12.5
12.5
12.5
11.9
12.0
Occupation
28
Employed in highest skill (ASCO Skill Level 1)
occupations(a) - of total employed
%
24.9
24.9
24.7
24.8
24.5
25.1
25.2
25.1
25.5
26.3
25.8
29
Employed in lowest skill (ASCO Skill Level 5)
occupations(a) - of total employed
%
21.8
22.0
r22.1
21.8
20.4
20.4
20.3
19.7
19.6
19.0
19.4
30
Females - of all employed in highest skill
(ASCO Skill Level 1) occupations(a)
%
34.9
35.0
35.0
35.5
41.4
41.2
40.8
41.9
42.5
42.3
43.1

WORKPLACE RELATIONS

Units
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

31
Trade union members - of all employees
%
37.6
35.0
32.7
31.1
30.3
28.1
25.7
24.7
24.5
23.1
23.0
32
Working days lost due to industrial disputes
(per 1,000 employees)
days
r159
r82
r86
r115
r90
r82
r56
r104
r45
r41
30
33
Pay set by collective agreements
- of all employees
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
36.7
n.a.
38.2
n.a.
34
Pay set by individual agreements
- of all employees
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
40.0
n.a.
41.3
n.a.

UNEMPLOYMENT

Units
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

35
Total unemployed
'000
r940.5
r915.4
r793.7
r764.3
r792.4
r764.2
r718.2
r661.4
r647.7
656.8
616.3
36
Long-term unemployed - of total unemployed
%
33.7
34.6
32.3
27.5
27.0
29.3
29.7
r26.8
23.4
r22.4
22.1
37
Long-term unemployed - of total labour force
%
3.6
3.5
2.8
2.2
2.3
2.3
2.2
1.8
1.5
r1.5
1.4
38
Unemployment rate
%
r11.0
r10.5
r8.9
r8.4
r8.6
r8.3
r7.6
r6.9
r6.6
6.6
6.1
39
Males
%
r11.7
r10.9
r9.1
r8.8
r8.8
r8.5
r7.8
r7.0
r6.9
6.9
6.2
40
Females
%
r10.0
r10.0
r8.7
r8.0
r8.4
r8.0
r7.4
r6.8
r6.3
6.3
6.0
41
Capital cities
%
r10.8
r10.3
r8.8
r8.2
r8.2
r7.6
r7.1
6.3
6.1
6.3
5.8
42
Balance of states and territories
%
r11.2
r11.0
r9.2
r8.9
r9.4
r9.4
r8.6
r7.9
r7.5
7.3
6.7
Unemployed looking for full-time work
43
Of all persons aged 15-19
%
r9.0
8.6
r7.4
r7.2
r7.0
6.5
r5.8
r5.1
r5.1
5.2
4.7
44
Of all persons aged 20-24
%
r11.8
r10.9
r8.8
r8.6
r9.0
r8.7
r7.7
r6.4
6.4
6.6
6.2
45
Median duration of unemployment - males
weeks
31
30
26
22
24
24
22
21
18
20
19
46
Median duration of unemployment - females
weeks
24
22
21
17
17
18
15
12
17
14
14
47
Retrenchment rate
%
n.a.
5.4
n.a.
4.6
n.a.
4.4
n.a.
4.0
n.a.
3.9
n.a.
48
Persons previously retrenched and
currently employed - of all retrenched
%
n.a.
r42.2
n.a.
r44.7
n.a.
r42.4
n.a.
r46.4
n.a.
r52.7
n.a.
Labour force underutilisation
49
Labour force underutilisation rate
%
n.a.
14.1
13.8
13.8
13.6
13.0
11.8
10.9
12.5
11.9
n.y.a.
50
Extended labour force underutilisation rate
%
n.a.
15.5
15.1
15.2
15.0
14.3
13.2
12.2
13.6
13.0
n.y.a.

NOT IN THE LABOUR FORCE

Units
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

51
Marginally attached
'000
907.8
773.3
862.8
879.6
890.5
922.6
883.2
823.9
816.5
808.1
834.6
52
Discouraged jobseekers
'000
147.4
106.5
111.9
118.9
118.4
110.9
105.8
106.5
81.7
78.0
79.8

TRANSITION TO RETIREMENT

Units
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

Persons aged 55-64 years
53
Participation rate - males
%
r60.9
r61.4
r61.5
60.8
60.5
60.4
60.9
60.8
61.1
61.8
63.1
54
Participation rate - females
%
25.6
27.3
27.9
r30.2
r31.2
31.6
r32.1
34.6
36.1
38.4
40.2
55
Males employed part-time
- of all employed males aged 55-64
%
r12.7
r12.3
r13.4
r12.9
r13.7
14.7
r14.8
r13.8
r15.7
16.3
17.2
56
Females employed part-time
- of all employed females aged 55-64
%
50.1
r50.1
r50.6
r49.6
r51.1
r49.5
r50.9
r51.2
51.3
52.3
51.6

(a) Australian Standard Classification of Occupation (ASCO) second edition was introduced in August 1996. Data prior to this date are concorded with ASCO second edition at the major group level.
Reference periods: All data are for the financial year ending 30 June except:
Data for indicators 6, 9-10 and 45-46 are at June.
Data for indicators 22-24 are at August.
Data for indicators 33-34 are at May.
Data for indicators 47-48 are at February.
Data for indicators 49-52 are at September.



WORK: STATE SUMMARY

LABOUR FORCE

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

1
Total labour force
'000
2002-03
3,336
2,530
1,920
751
1,032
220
104
181
10,075
2
Females - of total labour force
%
2002-03
44.1
44.7
44.8
44.6
43.4
44.6
44.1
47.4
44.4
3
Participation rate
%
2002-03
63.0
63.8
65.0
61.3
66.6
58.4
73.2
72.6
63.9
4
Males
%
2002-03
71.4
71.8
72.7
69.3
75.4
66.7
78.8
78.0
72.0
5
Females
%
2002-03
54.8
56.0
57.6
53.6
57.7
50.7
67.2
67.4
56.0
6
Females with children aged 0-4
%
2003
49.8
48.4
52.0
51.5
44.6
42.6
57.2
59.4
49.5
7
Persons aged 15-19
%
2002-03
55.6
57.6
66.4
60.9
62.9
58.8
53.8
62.3
59.5
8
Persons aged 20-24
%
2002-03
81.2
80.5
83.0
83.0
80.1
77.0
77.3
87.5
81.4
9
Median age of male labour force
years
2003
38
38
38
39
39
40
38
37
39
10
Median age of female labour force
years
2003
37
38
37
39
39
39
36
37
37

EMPLOYED PEOPLE

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

11
Total employed
'000
2002-03
3,139
2,387
1,785
705
971
201
98
173
9,459
12
Proportion of the total population in work
%
2002-03
47.1
48.8
47.4
46.2
50.0
42.2
49.5
53.7
47.8
Part-time work
13
Persons employed part-time
- of total employed
%
2002-03
27.2
28.7
29.2
30.3
30.2
30.8
24.3
25.6
28.5
14
Males employed part-time
- of total males employed
%
2002-03
14.3
14.7
15.4
14.6
15.2
14.3
17.9
15.4
14.8
15
Females employed part-time
- of total females employed
%
2002-03
43.7
46.0
46.3
49.5
49.5
50.9
32.5
36.8
45.7
16
Females employed part-time
- of total part-time employed
%
2002-03
70.7
71.8
70.7
73.4
71.6
74.6
59.0
68.6
71.2
17
Average hours worked per week
by persons employed part-time
hours
2002-03
16.2
15.4
16.4
16.3
15.7
16.0
18.1
16.0
16.0
18
Persons employed part-time who prefer
more hours - of all part-time employed
%
2002-03
26.0
25.4
29.4
26.8
24.4
30.2
13.9
22.3
26.3
19
Persons employed part-time who worked
15 hours or less per week
- of all part-time employed
%
2002-03
46.9
51.1
46.7
48.7
49.4
48.6
31.6
48.7
48.3
Full-time work
20
Average hours worked per week
by persons employed full-time
hours
2002-03
41.1
40.7
41.8
40.9
41.9
40.4
41.4
38.9
41.1
21
Persons employed full-time working
50 hours or more per week
- of all full-time employed
%
2002-03
24.3
23.2
27.3
23.1
27.1
22.0
26.0
19.0
24.7
Employment arrangements
22
Employees without leave entitlements
- of all employees
%
2003
26.0
25.7
32.2
30.6
28.4
29.8
22.6
22.4
27.6
23
Males employed without leave entitlements
- of all male employees
%
2003
22.4
22.0
28.3
26.8
24.9
22.8
21.6
23.2
24.0
24
Females employed without leave entitlements
- of all female employees
%
2003
30.2
30.0
36.7
35.1
32.6
37.5
23.8
21.6
31.9
25
Employers and own account workers
- of total employed
%
2002-03
12.5
11.6
15.6
13.7
15.0
13.9
8.8
7.9
13.1
Industry
26
Employed in service industries
- of total employed
%
2002-03
76.0
73.2
74.3
72.1
72.9
73.2
83.5
90.4
74.6
27
Employed in manufacturing industries
- of total employed
%
2002-03
11.7
14.9
10.3
13.6
10.4
11.1
4.0
2.8
12.0
Occupation
28
Employed in highest skill (ASCO Skill Level 1)
occupations(a) - of total employed
%
2002-03
27.1
27.5
22.1
24.3
24.1
23.9
23.5
38.1
25.8
29
Employed in lowest skill (ASCO Skill Level 5)
occupations(a) - of total employed
%
2002-03
18.6
19.3
21.0
20.7
19.1
22.1
21.2
13.7
19.4
30
Females - of all employed in highest skill
(ASCO Skill Level 1) occupations(a)
%
2002-03
42.2
43.1
44.5
43.5
41.7
44.0
51.4
46.2
43.1

WORKPLACE RELATIONS

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

31
Trade union members - of all employees
%
2002-03
23.6
22.1
23.5
24.6
20.0
29.4
21.5
23.8
23.0
32
Working days lost due to industrial disputes
(per 1,000 employees)
days
2002-03
21
45
34
14
37
9
29
9
30
33
Pay set by collective agreements
- of all employees
%
2002-03
35.3
38.3
41.0
39.2
36.2
49.3
45.1
49.3
38.2
34
Pay set by individual agreements
- of all employees
%
2002-03
43.3
44.4
34.4
35.8
48.8
29.3
38.6
30.4
41.3

UNEMPLOYMENT

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

35
Total unemployed
'000
2002-03
197.2
143.8
134.8
46.7
61.3
18.9
6.0
7.6
616.3
36
Long-term unemployed - of total unemployed
%
2002-03
25.1
20.3
18.8
27.1
18.9
33.6
7.3
15.7
22.1
37
Long-term unemployed - of total labour force
%
2002-03
1.5
1.2
1.3
1.7
1.1
2.9
0.4
0.7
1.4
38
Unemployment rate
%
2002-03
5.9
5.7
7.0
6.2
5.9
8.6
5.7
4.2
6.1
39
Males
%
2002-03
6.0
5.8
6.6
6.7
6.4
9.3
5.8
4.7
6.2
40
Females
%
2002-03
5.8
5.5
7.5
5.7
5.4
7.7
5.6
3.6
6.0
41
Capital cities
%
2002-03
5.2
5.7
6.7
6.4
6.0
7.9
n.a.
n.a.
5.8
42
Balance of states and territories(b)
%
2002-03
7.4
5.7
7.3
5.8
5.6
9.1
5.7
4.2
6.7
Unemployed looking for full-time work
43
Of all persons aged 15-19
%
2002-03
4.4
3.6
5.8
5.2
5.1
7.4
4.7
3.3
4.7
44
Of all persons aged 20-24
%
2002-03
5.8
5.5
7.6
7.2
6.0
9.3
4.3
3.4
6.2
45
Median duration of unemployment - males
weeks
2003
18
19
18
21
20
27
5
14
19
46
Median duration of unemployment - females
weeks
2003
16
13
13
14
13
16
17
9
14
47
Retrenchment rate
%
2002
3.8
3.6
4.4
3.6
4.3
4.6
3.8
3.2
3.9
48
Persons previously retrenched and
currently employed - of all retrenched
%
2002
55.6
49.4
49.3
58.0
53.5
52.5
56.3
56.1
52.7
Labour force underutilisation
49
Labour force underutilisation rate
%
2002
11.7
11.1
13.2
12.4
12.2
16.3
7.0
7.9
11.9
50
Extended labour force underutilisation rate
%
2002
12.7
12.2
14.4
13.6
13.2
17.8
7.9
8.9
13.0

NOT IN THE LABOUR FORCE

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

51
Marginally attached
'000
2003
281.1
190.9
162.6
70.3
88.1
26.5
4.5
10.7
834.6
52
Discouraged jobseekers
'000
2003
28.8
17.5
16.2
4.9
6.8
4.2
*0.6
*0.8
79.8

TRANSITION TO RETIREMENT

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Persons aged 55-64 years
53
Participation rate - males
%
2002-03
61.1
63.6
63.7
61.0
69.8
56.4
67.5
68.3
63.1
54
Participation rate - females
%
2002-03
39.2
40.5
41.3
39.7
40.3
32.7
58.8
49.2
40.2
55
Males employed part-time
- of all employed males aged 55-64
%
2002-03
16.5
17.8
17.0
18.4
18.5
15.1
15.9
17.2
17.2
56
Females employed part-time
- of all employed females aged 55-64
%
2002-03
50.5
54.9
48.3
54.1
54.4
59.0
28.0
36.9
51.6

(a) Australian Standard Classification of Occupation (ASCO) second edition was introduced in August 1996. Data prior to this date are concorded with ASCO second edition at the major group level.
(b) Data for Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory include estimates for capital cities.
Reference periods: All data are for the financial year ending 30 June except:
Data for indicators 6, 9-10 and 45-46 are at June.
Data for indicators 22-24 are at August.
Data for indicators 47-48 are at February.
Data for indicators 49-52 are at September.


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