Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Catalogue Number
ABS @ Facebook ABS @ Twitter ABS RSS ABS Email notification service
1387.3 - Queensland in Review, 2003  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 07/02/2003  Ceased
   Page tools: Print Print Page RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product  
Contents >> Industry >> Agriculture

Links to ABS publications mentioned in the text can be found under 'Other Related Articles' at the bottom of the page.


AGRICULTURE

The agricultural industry has been central to Queensland's economic development since the earliest days of settlement. The industry is still an important contributor to the State's economy and has maintained its role as a major export earner.

Agricultural commodities produced include:

  • crops such as sugar cane, cereal grain crops, vegetables, fruit, cotton, sunflower and safflower and peanuts
  • livestock such as cattle, sheep and pigs
  • livestock products such as wool, dairy products and meat


VALUE OF PRODUCTION

The estimate of the gross value of Queensland production of principal agricultural commodities was $7,249.9m in 2000-01, an increase of 7.1% on 1999-2000. In 2000-01, crop production contributed $3,391.2m or 46.8% of the total value of agricultural production, while livestock slaughterings and disposals were valued at $3,368.4m (46.5%) and livestock products were valued at $490.3m or 6.8% of the total 2000-2001 Queensland production figures.

GROSS VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES(a), QUEENSLAND

Commodity
1998-99
1999-2000
2000-01
$m
$m

Crops
3,542.8
3,557.1
3,391.2
Livestock slaughterings and other disposals
2,274.2
2667.9
3,368.4
Livestock products
567.3
545.7
490.3
Total
6,384.3
6,770.7
7,249.9

(a) For 1999-2000 and 2000-01, the reference period for crops, pastures and grasses was 30 June. Prior to those years, the reference period was 31 March.

Source: Agriculture (cat. no. 7113.0); Agricultural Commodities (cat. no. 7121.0)


CROPS

The estimate of the gross value of crops in Queensland decreased by $165.9m (4.7%) to $3,391.2m in 2000-2001. The main contributors to the decrease were sugar cane for crushing, down by 24.8% to $601.2m, due mainly to decreased production; cotton, down 28.8% to $414.1m, as a result of decreases in both production and average price; and cereal for grains, down by 15.5% to $500.9m. These movements were partially offset by the value of fruit and nuts increasing by 33.9% to $714.2m in the same period.

GROSS VALUE OF SELECTED CROPS(a), QUEENSLAND

Crop
1998-99
1999-2000
2000-01
$m
$m
$m

Cereals for grains
596.2
593.1
500.9
Cotton(b)
527.8
581.3
414.1
Crops for hay
13.2
*14.5
22.3
Legumes for grain
40.3
34.0
44.4
Fruit and nuts
490.1
533.5
714.2
Grapes
18.6
16.8
18.4
Nursery production
175.6
180.4
204.1
Oilseeds
62.8
49.9
24.5
Sugar cane for crushing
960.8
813.3
601.2
Vegetables
528.6
540.6
638.5
Total(c)
3,542.8
3,557.1
3,391.2

(a) For 1999-2000 and 2000-01, the reference period for crops, pastures and grasses was 30 June. Prior to those periods, the reference period was 31 March.
(b) Includes value of cotton seed.
(c) Total value of all crops and pastures, not the total of the selected items.
* Relative standard error between 25% and 50%.

Source: Agriculture (cat. no. 7113.0); Agricultural Commodities (cat. no. 7121.0)


LIVESTOCK DISPOSALS

The estimate of the gross value of livestock slaughterings and other disposals in Queensland increased over the year by 26.3% to $3,368.4m in 2000-2001. Most of this increase occurred in cattle and calves slaughterings, up by 30.3% to $2,963.9m, and was mainly due to higher average prices.

GROSS VALUE OF LIVESTOCK SLAUGHTERINGS AND OTHER DISPOSALS(a), QUEENSLAND

Livestock
1998-99
1999-2000
2000-01
$m
$m
$m

Cattle and calves
1,914.1
2,275.5
2,963.9
Sheep and lambs(a)
47.7
54.2
63.8
Pigs
149.9
177.0
177.1
Poultry
158.2
157.1
159.9
Other livestock
4.2
4.1
3.7
Total
2,274.2
2,667.9
3,368.4

(a) Excludes value of wool on skins.

Source: Agriculture (cat. no. 7113.0); Agricultural Commodities (cat. no. 7121.0)

LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS

The estimate of the gross value of livestock products in Queensland decreased by 10.2% to $490.3m between 1999-2000 and 2000-2001. This was due to a fall in the gross value of milk, down by 27.8% to $232.3m, but was partially offset by a rise in the gross value of wool, up by 18.7% to $195.4m due to a higher average price.


GROSS VALUE OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS, QUEENSLAND

Product
1998-99
1999-2000
2000-01
$m
$m
$m

Wool(a)
169.8
164.6
195.4
Total milk production
341.4
321.6
232.3
Eggs
50.3
56.0
58.6
Honey
5.5
3.4
3.8
Beeswax
0.3
0.2
0.2
Total
567.3
545.7
490.3

(a) Includes dead wool and wool on skins.

Source: Agriculture (cat. no. 7113.0); Agricultural Commodities (cat. no. 7121.0)


ESTABLISHMENTS WITH AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY

At 30 June 2001, there were 29,643 establishments undertaking agricultural activity with an estimated value of agricultural operations greater than $5,000. For the majority of these establishments (29,397) their primary activity was agriculture. The majority of agricultural establishments were engaged in either beef cattle farming (39.6%), sugar cane growing (14.8%), fruit growing not elsewhere classified (n.e.c.) (7.4%), dairy cattle farming (5.4%), grain growing (5.4%) or mixed grain/sheep/beef cattle farming (5.1%).

Between June 2000 and June 2001, the number of agricultural establishments in Queensland decreased by 1,055 (3.4%). The main contributors to this decline were engaged in either grain growing (522), dairy cattle farming (238), mixed grain/sheep/beef cattle farming (217) and sugar cane growing (150). These changes were partially offset by an increase of 293 beef cattle farms.


ESTABLISHMENTS WITH AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY, QUEENSLAND

ANZSIC Code
Industry
As at
31 March 1999
As at
30 June 2000
As at
30 June 2001
no.
no.
no.

0111Plant nurseries
765
754
680
0112Cut flower and flower seed growing
207
206
214
0113Vegetable growing
1,466
1,455
1,463
0114Grape growing
75
*143
157
0115Apple and pear growing
102
117
79
0116Stone fruit growing
79
104
83
0117Kiwi fruit growing
**
*3
9
0119Fruit growing n.e.c.
2,169
2,267
2,194
0121Grain growing
2,262
2,112
1,590
0122Grain-sheep/beef cattle farming
1,896
1,730
1,513
0123Sheep-beef cattle farming
918
804
889
0124Sheep farming
651
576
461
0125Beef cattle farming
10,853
11,458
11,751
0130Dairy cattle farming
1,849
1,842
1,604
0141Poultry farming (meat)
122
145
136
0142Poultry farming (eggs)
99
128
112
0151Pig farming
346
340
359
0152Horse farming
608
499
480
0153Deer farming
*54
**
23
0159Livestock farming n.e.c.
291
*202
124
0161Sugar cane growing
4,706
4,534
4,384
0162Cotton growing
607
484
490
0169Crop and plant growing n.e.c.
495
455
604
Agriculture
30,622
30,367
29,397
All other industries
130
331
245
Total all industries
30,753
30,698
29,643

* Relative standard error between 25% and 50%.
** Subject to sampling variability too high for practical purposes (i.e. relative standard error greater than 50%).

Source: Agricultural Commodities (cat. no. 7121.0).


LAND USE

Queensland has the largest estimated land area in agricultural use, with about 146 million hectares, or 84.3% of the total State total. The estimated area planted to crops decreased by 5.6% between June 2000 and June 2001 to 2,955,000 hectares. In contrast, the estimated area of pastures and grasses increased by 27.7% to 5,691,000 hectares.

LAND USE, AREA, QUEENSLAND

Type of land use
1998-99
1999-2000
2000-01
'000 ha
'000 ha
'000 ha

Crops(a)
3,014
3,130
2,955
Pastures and grasses
4,004
4,455
5,691
Agricultural land(b)
140,310
145,420
145,955
Non-agricultural land(c)
32,755
27,645
27,110
Total land
173,065
173,065
173,065

(a) Excludes crops harvested for hay and seed.
(b) Total area of establishments with estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) of $5,000 or more. Includes land used for crops, pastures and grasses.
(c) Comprises conserved land, forestry, urban and unused land such as vacant Crown land, commercially unused land on Aboriginal and other Crown reserves and waste land, ephemeral lakes, mangrove swamps, etc. as well as establishments not included in the scope of the Agricultural Census.

Note: Agricultural land is generally divided into cropped land, land sown to pastures and grasses and a broad balance comprising grazing land, land lying idle or under fallow, etc.

Source: Agriculture (cat. no. 7113.0); Agricultural Commodities (cat. no. 7121.0)


FARM BUSINESS FINANCES

The value added of farm businesses in Queensland rose by 16.2% between June 1999 and June 2000 to $3,367.8m. In the same period, the net worth of farm businesses in the State increased by 9.0% to $30,672.6m. In contrast, net capital expenditure declined by 11.6% to $539.9m over the year to June 2000.

FARM BUSINESS FINANCES(a), QUEENSLAND

Items
1997-98
1998-99
1999-2000
$m
$m
$m

Sales from crops
3,463.1
3,190.8
3,270.5
Sales from livestock
1,823.6
2,144.9
2,449.6
Sales from livestock
products
567.0
577.2
517.0
Rent and leasing revenue
73.1
60.7
80.2
Other miscellaneous
revenue
462.8
661.1
582.6
Turnover
6,389.5
6,634.7
6,899.8
Value added(b)
3,350.5
2,898.4
3,367.8
Cash operating surplus(c)
1,399.1
1,453.0
1,766.5
Total net capital expenditure
635.2
610.8
539.9
Total value of assets
34,356.9
34,801.6
37,095.5
Net worth
28,492.9
28,142.9
30,672.6

(a) Years ended 30 June.
(b) Includes an estimate for the change in the value of livestock.
(c) Excludes any estimate for the change in the value of livestock.

Source: Agriculture (cat. no. 7113.0);


FURTHER INFORMATION

Further information on agriculture related topics can be found within ABS publications, listed in the Catalogue of Publications and Products (cat. no. 1101.0). Many of these publications present information on each State, and further data may be available on request.

Also available on the ABS web site is
  • the Agricultural State Profile which is produced by the Agriculture and Environment Statistics Centre and provides data on crops, livestock, farms, land use and the value of agricultural production.

Previous PageNext Page

Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window


Commonwealth of Australia 2014

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.