STATISTICS PRESENTED IN THIS PUBLICATION
This publication presents a range of social and housing statistics produced from the 2001 Census of Population and Housing for South Australia. For comparative purposes, it includes 1996 Census data based on 2001 Census geography.
The tables in this publication provide a selection of data for the population and their housing arrangements for Urban Centres/Localities (UC/L) and Sections of State (SOS). These geographic structures classify areas according to size of the population. Whilst the UC/L classification covers only part of each state and territory, the SOS classification covers each state and territory in its entirety. Refer to the Glossary for more information about the definitions of UC/L and SOS.
The data are presented on the basis of where people were counted on Census Night ('asenumerated'), and therefore data for each geographic area include visitors to that area, but exclude those people who were away on Census Night. All tables exclude overseas visitors unless otherwise stated.
Data released in Selected Social and Housing Characteristics, South Australia (cat.no. 2015.4) provide various characteristics for Statistical Divisions (SDs), Statistical Subdivisions (SSDs) and Statistical Local Areas (SLAs). Refer to Appendix 2-Census Products and Services for more information.
Census counts should not be confused with the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) official population estimate, the Estimated Resident Population (ERP) which is used for electoral purposes and in assisting in the distribution of government funds to state and local governments. The ERP is the definitive population estimate and is derived from the census counts. For a fuller description of population measures and the derivation of ERP, please see paragraphs 6, 7 and 8 of the Explanatory Notes. Appendix 1-Estimated Resident Population includes a table showing census counts and ERP for each state and territory.
One of the important features of the Census is that it describes the characteristics of Australia's population and housing for small geographic areas and small population groups. While not available in this publication, data at the smallest geographic level (Collection District) are available in a range of census products. For more information on these products, please refer to Appendix 2-Census Products and Services. Concepts and definitions used in this publication are explained in the Glossary and more detailed information is available in the 2001 Census Dictionary (cat. no. 2901.0). The Explanatory Notes in this publication provide a discussion of the scope and coverage of the Census, the different measures of population, and the limitations of census data.
This publication is one of a series of publications which provide data for both UC/L and SOS geographic areas for each state and territory (cat. nos 2016.1-7). A similar publication is also available, providing data for urban centres across the whole of Australia (cat. no. 2016.0). See Appendix 2-Census Products and Services for more information.
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
The Census of Population and Housing conducted on 7 August 2001 counted 1,467,261 persons (including 8,349 overseas visitors) in South Australia (SA), an increase of 2.8% or 39,325 people since 1996 (1,427,936 people).
There were 62 Urban Centres and 100 Localities in SA in 2001, with the highest population counts recorded in the Urban Centres of Adelaide (1,002,127), Mount Gambier (22,751), Whyalla (21,271) and Gawler (16,837). These Urban Centres accounted for 72.4% of the population.
In 2001, the median age was 37 years, compared with 35 years in 1996. The proportion of persons aged 0-14 years decreased from 20.6% in 1996 to 19.6% in 2001, while the proportion of persons aged 65 years and over increased from 13.8% to 14.4% during the same period.
The highest percentages of persons aged 0-14 years were recorded in the Localities of Indulkana (35.0%), Mimili (32.6%), Yalata (31.8%) and Callington (31.0%).
A high proportion of people aged 65 years and over was recorded in the Urban Centres of Victor Harbour (32.9%), Tumby Bay (30.5%) and Ardrossan (27.7%), and in the Localities of Port Broughton (41.1%), Stansbury (38.4%) and Port Vincent (37.7%).
In 2001, there were more females (744,934) than males (722,327) with higher proportions of females recorded in urban areas (Major Urban (51.4%) and Other Urban (50.8%)). Proportionally more males were recorded in Rural Balance (52.9%) and Bounded Locality (50.5%).
Males outnumbered females in 70 Urban Centres and Localities. A higher proportion were recorded in the Urban Centres of Coober Pedy (55.9%) and Roxby Downs (55.6%), and in the Localities of Cadell (64.9%), Mintabie (62.5%) and Brukunga (61.0%).
A higher proportion of females were recorded in the Urban Centres of Hahndorf (54.3%), Balaklava (53.9%) and McLaren Vale (53.7%), and the Localities of Springton (57.2%), Riverton and Emabella (both 55.4%) and Amata (54.6%).
Median individual income
The median weekly income grew from $267 in 1996 to $345 in 2001, an increase of 29.2%, with slightly larger increases recorded in the Rural Balance (31.2%) and Bounded Locality (30.0%) sections of the state.
The highest median income was recorded in the Urban Centre of Roxby Downs ($825), followed by Crafers-Bridgewater ($478) and Penola ($428), while Localities with high median incomes were Woomera ($733), Leigh Creek ($709) and Woodside Barracks ($645). Localities with the lowest median incomes were Mimili ($172), Ernabella ($174) and Yalata ($175).
The number of persons who reported being of Indigenous origin increased by 14.6% to 23,425 persons in 2001, up from 20,444 persons in 1996, representing 1.6% of the total population (excluding overseas visitors).
Two thirds of the Urban Centres and Localities reported proportions of Indigenous persons equivalent to or less than the average for SA (1.6%). The highest proportions were recorded in the Localities of Indulkana (90.0%), Mimili (89.8%) and Amata (89.0%), and in the Urban Centres of Ceduna (20.4%) and Port Augusta (15.5%).
The number of persons born in Australia increased by 2.0% to 1,099,591 people in 2001, up from 1,077,540 people in 1996, representing 75.4% of the population of SA (excluding overseas visitors).
In 27 of the Urban Centres and Localities, 90.0% or more of the population were born in Australia. The highest proportions of Australian-born were recorded in the Localities of Yalata and Amata (both 98.2%), Mimili (98.1%) and Ernabella (97.5%).
Of the population counted (excluding overseas visitors), 20.3% (296,459 persons) stated that they had been born overseas, with high proportions recorded in the Localities of Virginia (37.9%), Andamooka Opal Fields (27.0%) and Carrickalinga (26.1%), and in the Urban Centres of Coober Pedy (26.0%) and Sellicks Beach (25.9%).
Internet and Personal computer use
Of the population counted (excluding overseas visitors), 40.7% (594,355 persons) used a personal computer at home in the week prior to Census Night. Of the same population, 35.4% (516,303 persons) used the Internet in the week prior to Census Night.
The highest proportions of persons who used a personal computer at home were recorded in the Localities of Summertown (60.0%), Houghton (59.5%), Crafers-Bridgewater (58.6%) and Oakbank (51.0%), while low proportions were recorded in the Localities of Indulkana (5.0%), Mimili (5.3%) and Amata (5.5%).
In 2001, there were 635,325 employed persons (92.4% of the labour force), an increase of 42,818 persons since 1996.
Urban Centres with the largest number of employed persons were Adelaide (434,961 persons or 92.0% of the labour force), Mount Gambier (10,238 or 93.1%),Whyalla (7,917 or 86.9%) and Gawler (7,056 or 92.3%).
The number of full-time workers increased by 2.7% from 387,081 persons in 1996 to 397,681 in 2001. This represents 62.6% of the employed population in SA. As a proportion of persons in the labour force, the highest proportions of full-time workers were recorded in the Localities of Woomera (82.4%) and Woodside Barracks (79.8%). Urban Centres with the highest proportions of full-time workers were Roxby Downs (73.8%) and Penola (69.2%).
In 2001, 221,056 workers (34.8% of employed persons) were employed part-time, an increase of 14.0% (27,232 persons) since 1996. The highest proportions of part-time workers, as a proportion of persons in the labour force, were recorded in the Localities of Mimili (67.4%) and Yalata (64.9%). The locality with the lowest proportion of part-time workers was Woodside Barracks (11.3%).
In 2001, 7.6% of the labour force (52,340 persons) were unemployed, compared with 10.4% (68,558 persons) in 1996. High unemployment rates were recorded in the Localities of Iron Knob (32.8%), Mintabie (30.8%) and Port Germein (27.1%).
For those aged 15-24 years the unemployment rate fell to 14.8% from 18.4% in 1996. The highest youth unemployment rates were recorded in Owen (66.7%), Port Germein (50.0%) and Iron Knob (42.9%).
The number of unemployed persons looking for full-time employment decreased by 30.7%, from 55,497 in 1996 down to 38,434 in 2001. Those looking for part-time work increased by 6.5%, from 13,061 persons in 1996, up to 13,906 in 2001.
In 2001, the largest occupation groups were Professionals and Associate Professionals (28.4%), Intermediate Clerical, Sales and Service Workers (16.5%), and Tradespersons and Related Workers (12.3%). These proportions are similar to those in 1996.
The highest proportions of Professionals and Associate Professionals were recorded in the Urban Centre of Crafers-Bridgewater (45.8%), and the Localities of Summertown (42.1%) and Indulkana (41.8%).
High proportions of Intermediate Clerical, Sales and Service Workers were recorded in Wasleys (L) (22.4%), Port Augusta (20.0%) and Houghton (L) (19.5%).
The Localities with the highest proportions of Tradespersons and Related Workers were Woodside Barracks (39.8%), Brukunga (39.5%) and Truro (25.0%).
In 2001, the three largest industries of employment in SA were Manufacturing (14.7%), Retail Trade (14.6%) and Health and Community Services (11.4%). These industries were also the top three industries in 1996.
The highest proportions of persons employed in Manufacturing were recorded in the Localities of Tarpeena (57.0%), Nangwarry (53.3%) and Kalangadoo (43.5%).
Retail Trade recorded high proportions of employed persons in the Localities of Indulkana (59.6%), Yorketown (25.1%) and Cleve (24.8%).
The highest proportions of persons employed in Health and Community Services were recorded in the Localities of Mimili (38.1%), Woomera (31.1%) and Fregon (18.7%).
Total number of dwellings
The number of dwellings increased by 4.7% from 618,677 in 1996 to 647,606 in 2001. Of these dwellings, 90.2% (584,042) were occupied private dwellings, 9.6% were unoccupied private dwellings and 0.3% were non-private dwellings.
Total number of persons
The number of persons in occupied private dwellings increased by 2.6% from 1,388,094 in 1996 to 1,424,534 in 2001. Of these, 68.4% (974,120 persons) were counted in Major Urban areas.
Of the 584,042 occupied private dwellings in SA, 39.8% were fully owned compared with 40.3% in 1996. The Rural Balance area recorded the highest proportions of fully owned dwellings in both 2001 (50.5%) and 1996 (51.0%).
Home ownership proportions were highest in the Localities of Fisherman Bay (70.6%), Orroroo (66.8%) and Port Vincent (66.7%).
In SA, 29.1% of private dwellings were being purchased, compared with 27.4% in 1996. The Major Urban area recorded the highest percentages in both 2001 (29.8%) and 1996 (28.0%).
High proportions of homes being purchased were recorded in the Urban Centre of Angle Vale (62.1%), and the Localities of Wasleys (L) (58.8%) and Callington (L) (57.4%).
Housing loan repayments
Median loan repayments increased by 6.3%, up from $640 in 1996 to $680 in 2001. High median loan repayments were recorded in the Locality of Oakbank ($866), and the Urban Centres of Roxby Downs ($862) and Crafers-Bridgewater ($856).
In 2001, 24.9% (145,689) of occupied private dwellings were being rented, compared with 26.7% in 1996. The Other Urban area recorded the highest percentages in both 2001 (27.5%) and 1996 (30.1%).
The Localities with the highest proportions of rented dwellings were Woodside Barracks (100.0%), Leigh Creek (95.2%) and Mimili (86.5%).
The median weekly rent increased by 21.3%, from $94 in 1996 to $114 in 2001. The Major Urban area recorded the highest median rent ($122) compared with the Bounded Locality ($83) and the Rural Balance ($72) sections of the state.
A high median rent was recorded in the Urban Centres of Crafers-Bridgewater ($164), Hahndorf ($157) and Angle Vale ($152), and in the Localities of Houghton ($203), Napperby ($162) and Mount Torrens ($160).
The number of families grew from 387,574 in 1996 to 397,435 in 2001, an increase of 2.5%. Of these families, 44.1% were couples with dependent and non-dependent children, 38.7% were couples without children, 15.6% were one parent families (up from 14.2% in 1996) and 1.6% were of other family type. In the Rural Balance area, 46.4% of couple families had dependent children, similar to 1996 (48.6%).
The highest proportions of couple families with dependent children were recorded in the Urban Centres of Roxby Downs (61.9%) and Angle Vale (59.6%), and the Localities of Yalata (60.5%) and Woodside Barracks (60.0%) .
The highest proportions of couple families without children were recorded in the Localities of Port Vincent (74.5%), Fisherman Bay (70.3%) and Port Victoria (68.0%).
High proportions of one parent families were recorded in the Localities of Mimili (36.0%), Fregon (33.9%) and Amata (27.3%).
The number of households grew from 542,343 in 1996 to 567,074 in 2001, an increase of 4.6%. Of these households, 69.5% were family households, 27.4% were lone person households and 3.1% were group households. This is similar to the proportions in 1996.
The highest proportions of lone person households were recorded in the Localities of Mintabie (51.2%), Andamooka Opal Fields (44.2%) and Iron Knob (43.8%).
The highest proportions of group households were in the Localities of Booleroo Centre (5.0%) and Wudinna (4.9%).