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5368.0 - International Trade in Goods and Services, Australia, Feb 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 03/04/2002   
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Feature Article - Goods and Selected Services by Region, 2000-2001


This article was published in International Trade in Goods and Services, Australia (Cat. No. 5368.0) Feb 2002.


INTRODUCTION

1 This article provides summary data, for the 2000-2001 financial year, for Australia's trade in goods and services (excluding travel services) with selected major trading partners, and for Australia's trade in services (excluding travel services) by State. Table F1 presents the trade in goods and services (excluding travel services) credits and debits for 40 countries or country groups for financial year 2000-2001. Tables F2 and F3 show, for credits and debits respectively, Australia's 2000-2001 trade in services (excluding travel services), classified by State, for 10 broad service types with more detailed components also shown.

2 The ABS is currently unable to produce estimates of Australia's trade in travel services by partner country or by State for the financial year 2000-2001. The cause of the problem is the delay in the processing by the Department of Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs (DIMIA) of international airline passenger cards. The ABS uses the passenger card information processed by DIMIA to produce estimates of overseas arrivals and departures (OADs) by residents and non-residents and estimates of travel services by partner country and by State.

3 An implication of the lack of travel services by partner country data is that the aggregate "balance on total trade in goods and services" is currently unavailable by partner country from financial year 2000-2001 onwards.

4 The ABS will compile and release updated travel services by partner country data as soon as possible after receipt of the necessary data from DIMIA. Further information on the expected release of final OADs data will be updated on the Demography Theme page on this site, and in issues of the monthly publication Overseas Arrivals and Departures, Australia (Cat. no. 3401.0).


GOODS AND SELECTED SERVICES BY COUNTRY


INTERPRETATION OF TRADE DATA BY COUNTRY

5 The quality of statistics of trade in goods and services by country is considered to be good, although there are occasional difficulties due to lack of information or the confidentiality of the trading partners involved. Therefore about 3% of total credits and 2% of total debits shown in table F1 for 2000-2001 remain unallocated. A comprehensive explanation of the data sources used and the methodology applied in the compilation of regional statistics is provided in Chapter 17 of Balance of Payments and International Investment Position, Australia - Concepts, Sources and Methods (Cat. no. 5331.0). This publication is located on this site. Appendix A to this article illustrates the types of services covered by the components of other business services.


ANALYSIS OF AUSTRALIAN TRADE WITH SELECTED PARTNER COUNTRIES

6 The Sydney Olympic Games and Paralympic Games impacted on international trade in 2000-2001. A summary of the major impacts of the Games on international accounts was the subject of a feature article, The Sydney Olympic Games Update, contained in the July 2000 issue of this publication.

7 For the financial year 2000-2001, table F1 presents trade in goods and services (excluding travel services) for 40 countries or country groups. It shows that, excluding travel services, Australia's major export trading partners are Japan ($25 billion), United States of America ($16 billion) and Asia n.e.s. ($11 billion). Excluding travel services, Australia's major import trading partners are United States of America ($27 billion), Japan ($17 billion) and Peoples Republic of China ($10 billion).


TABLE F1: GOODS AND SERVICES (EXCLUDING TRAVEL SERVICES) BY SELECTED COUNTRIES AND COUNTRY
GROUPS, 2000-2001
CREDITS
DEBITS


Total goods
Total goods
& services
Services
& services
Services
(excluding
(excluding
(excluding
(excluding
travel
travel
travel
travel
services)
Goods
services)
services)
Goods
services)
Country
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Belgium and Luxembourg
1,043
1,012
31
-871
-837
-34
Brunei Darussalam
47
45
2
-353
-353
n.p.
Canada
1,899
1,785
114
-2,036
-1,891
-145
Central America and Caribbean
220
202
18
-369
-369
n.p.
Chile
133
133
0
-100
-79
-21
China, Peoples Republic of
7,150
6,898
252
-10,380
-9,981
-399
Fiji
729
646
83
-397
-257
-140
France
1,200
1,090
110
-2,664
-2,510
-154
Germany
1,815
1,500
315
-7,217
-6,256
-961
Greece
171
166
5
-206
-109
-97
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
4,553
3,942
611
-2,522
-1,377
-1,145
Indonesia
3,416
3,137
279
-3,675
-3,374
-301
Ireland
223
177
46
-1,222
-1,153
-69
Italy
2,144
2,116
28
-3,377
-3,301
-76
Japan
25,250
23,690
1,560
-17,337
-15,570
-1,767
Korea, Republic of
9,483
9,284
199
-5,042
-4,773
-269
Malaysia
2,787
2,521
266
-4,849
-4,234
-615
Mexico
376
375
1
-591
-589
-2
Netherlands
1,857
1,752
105
-1,332
-917
-415
New Zealand
7,917
6,938
979
-5,470
-4,624
-846
Papua New Guinea
1,313
1,059
254
-1,523
-1,475
-48
Philippines
1,573
1,513
60
-571
-518
-53
Russian Federation
285
266
19
-154
-27
-127
Singapore
7,351
6,059
1,292
-5,877
-3,946
-1,931
South Africa
1,334
1,310
24
-951
-887
-64
Sweden
232
185
47
-1,694
-1,638
-56
Switzerland
462
274
188
-2,011
-1,184
-827
Taiwan
6,009
5,943
66
-3,407
-3,368
-39
Thailand
2,411
2,241
170
-3,111
-2,818
-293
United Kingdom
6,424
4,692
1,732
-8,439
-6,401
-2,038
United States of America
16,120
11,750
4,370
-27,254
-22,633
-4,621
Africa n.e.s.
1,759
1,614
145
-236
-165
-71
America n.e.s.
830
732
98
-1,146
-819
-327
Asia n.e.s.
10,802
10,082
720
-8,268
-7,389
-879
Europe n.e.s.
2,923
2,143
780
-3,582
-3,231
-351
Oceania n.e.s.
1,020
932
88
-216
-160
-56
Unallocated
4,513
2,083
2,430
-2,727
-972
-1,755
Total all countries
137,774
120,287
17,487
-141,177
-120,185
-20,992

COUNTRY GROUPS
APEC
87,435
76,964
10,471
-95,429
-82,874
-12,555
ASEAN
15,871
13,790
2,081
-21,003
-17,725
-3,278
EU
15,661
12,830
2,831
-29,719
-25,657
-4,062
OECD
71,640
61,409
10,231
-90,123
-77,506
-12,617

Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC); Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN); European Union (EU); and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)


SERVICES BY STATE


INTERPRETATION OF TRADE DATA BY STATE

8 Tables F2 and F3 present, respectively, international services (excluding travel services) credits (by State of provision) and international services (excluding travel services) debits (by State of consumption) for 2000-2001, for 10 broad service types and more detailed components. Confidentiality constraints severely restrict the detail that can be provided for some States and Territories. Care should be exercised in interpreting the data. While the State allocation methods for transportation and communication services are considered reasonable, especially for the analysis of movements in the services, the allocation for other services (about 25% of all trade in services) is primarily based on the location of the business reporting the information which serves as a proxy for State of origin/consumption of that service.

9 The international trade in services of the Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games (SOCOG) has been allocated to New South Wales.


TABLE F2: AUSTRALIA'S INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES CREDITS BY STATE, 2000-2001
NSW
Vic.
Qld.
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Australia
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

1 Transportation services
3,438
2,134
1,484
157
747
10
92
0
8,062
2 Travel services
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
15,366
Business
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
1,166
Personal
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
14,200
Education-related
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
4,038
Other
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
10,162
3 Communication (a)
533
312
206
145
106
28
13
54
1,397
4 Construction services
40
n.p.
3
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0
0
68
5 Insurance services
464
245
0
0
0
0
0
0
709
6 Financial services
423
320
4
0
0
0
0
0
747
7 Computer & information services
626
n.p.
n.p.
18
12
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
797
8 Royalties & licence fees
409
140
n.p.
n.p.
10
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
601
9 Other business services
1,937
719
119
52
108
n.p.
n.p.
13
2,953
Merchanting
93
60
12
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
185
Other trade related services
264
27
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
304
Operational leasing services
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
16
Professional services
402
112
17
2
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
553
Research and development
84
143
n.p.
6
9
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
248
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
217
153
63
9
39
n.p.
n.p.
4
485
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
1
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
29
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e.
670
154
11
5
12
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
852
Other
199
63
2
3
12
n.p.
n.p.
2
281
Confidential items - other business services (b)
8
7
14
27
35
n.p.
n.p.
7
.,.
10 Personal, cultural and recreational services
1,186
75
45
56
n.p.
3
n.p.
29
1,420
Audiovisual and related services
1,111
18
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
1,132
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
75
57
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
288
11 Government services n.i.e.
31
10
1
46
17
0
207
421
733
Confidential items (b)
0
115
76
11
12
3
17
5
.,.
Total
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
32,853

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e.
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items

10 Transportation services are allocated by State using a combination of indicators including merchandise trade statistics by State. For communication services, a domestic indicator for allocating the consumption of telecommunications and postal services by State in the national accounts is used to approximate the State allocation of the international trade in these services. It is assumed that each State's share of outgoing international calls and terminating connections for incoming international calls will be reasonably well aligned with total service consumption by State or Territory.


FURTHER INFORMATION

11 Further information and longer time series for both calendar and financial year data by region can be obtained by contacting Val Tot on Canberra 02 6252 6419, or fax 02 6252 7219, or email at <val.tot@abs.gov.au>.


TABLE F3: AUSTRALIA'S INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES DEBITS BY STATE, 2000-2001
NSW
Vic.
Qld.
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Australia
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

1 Transportation services
-4,942
-3,044
-1,679
-393
-1,130
-40
-124
0
-11,352
2 Travel services
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
-11,189
Business
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
-2,854
Personal
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
-8,335
Education-related
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
-676
Other
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
-7,659
3 Communication (a)
-599
-483
-303
-129
-161
-41
-17
-33
-1,766
4 Construction services
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5 Insurance services
-843
-35
0
0
0
0
0
0
-878
6 Financial services
-344
-184
0
0
0
0
0
0
-528
7 Computer & information services
-280
-95
-13
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-417
8 Royalties & licence fees
-1,138
-411
-23
-76
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-1,670
9 Other business services
-1,148
-1,292
-168
-115
-257
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-2,988
Merchanting and other trade related services
-70
-67
-23
n.p.
-32
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-248
Operational leasing services
-232
-738
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-1,011
Professional services
-172
-101
-12
-6
-20
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-315
Research and development
n.p.
-61
0
0
-8
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-83
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
-143
-71
n.p.
-37
-46
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-343
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
n.p.
n.p.
0
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-124
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e.
-430
-180
-27
n.p.
-26
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-674
Other
-86
n.p.
n.p.
-3
-22
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-190
Confidential items - other business services (b)
-15
-74
-106
-69
-103
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
.,.
10 Personal, cultural and recreational services
-559
-143
-1
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-767
Audiovisual and related services
-516
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-634
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
-43
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-133
11 Government services n.i.e.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-626
-626
Confidential items (b)
0
0
0
-74
-27
-3
-4
-15
.,.
Total
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
-32,181

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e.
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items


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