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5368.0 - International Trade in Goods and Services, Australia, 2002  
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  • Goods and Services by Region, 2001 (Feature Article)

Feature Article - Goods and Services by Region, 2001


INTRODUCTION

This article provides calendar year 2001 data both for Australia's trade in goods and services with selected major trading partners, and for Australia's trade in services by state.

Table F1 presents, for Australia's top 12 trading partners, the goods and services credits and debits, and the balances, for 1999 to 2001. Table F2 extends the analysis to over 40 countries or country groups, for 2001 only, breaking the trade up into goods and services. Table F3 presents, for the same countries and groups as in Table F2, three broad services categories that are traded.

Tables F4 and F5 show, for credits and debits respectively, Australia's 2001 trade in services, classified by state, for 11 broad service types with more detailed components also shown.

GOODS AND SERVICES BY COUNTRY

Interpretation of Data

The quality of statistics of trade in goods and services by country is considered to be good, although there are occasional difficulties due to lack of information or the confidentiality of the trading partners involved. Therefore about 2% of total credits and debits shown in Table F2 for 2001 remain unallocated.

A comprehensive explanation of the data sources used and the methodology applied in the compilation of regional statistics is provided in Chapter 17 of Balance of Payments and International Investment Position, Australia - Concepts, Sources and Methods (cat. no. 5331.0). This publication is located on the ABS web site (www.abs.gov.au - select Statistics then select Statistical Concepts Library).

Analysis of Australian Trade with Selected Partner Countries

Table F1 shows that, in the calendar year 2001, Australia recorded a surplus of $2.9 billion in the balance on goods and services, a large improvement ($10.0 billion) on the deficit for 2000. The selected countries shown in Table F1 contributed 71% of Australia's total trade in 2001.

In terms of Australia's major trading partners, the largest contribution to achieving the overall surplus on goods and services was an improvement in the deficit with United States of America, up $2.3 billion. Imports to United States of America fell to $28.0 billion and exports rose to $17.1 billion. There was an improvement in the deficit with the United Kingdom, up $2.1 billion. The surplus with Japan improved, up $1.6 billion to $9.8 billion. These improvements were partly offset by a deterioration in the trading positions with Germany, Indonesia and Singapore of $0.8 billion, $0.9 billion and $0.8 billion, respectively.

Table F2 presents trade in goods and services for over 40 countries or country groups. It shows that, with the exception of the small surpluses with Belgium and Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the Russian Federation, Australia ran trade deficits with all of the identified European trading partners (including the residual category for Europe n.e.s.), with many of those individual deficits over $1.0 billion. The balance of trade with the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) recorded a deterioration in the deficit to $2.1 billion in 2001.

Table F3 provides further details of the balance of trade in services with selected trading partners. Deficits were recorded for most European trading partners. Australia recorded surpluses with most of its Asian trading partners, the largest being with Japan at $1.3 billion. Australia also recorded a surplus with New Zealand ($0.5 billion). The largest trade in services deficit was recorded with the United States of America at $1.5 billion.

Abbreviations

APECAsia Pacific Economic Co-operation
ASEANAssociation of South East Asian Nations
EUEuropean Union
OECDOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development







TABLE F1: AUSTRALIA'S TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES WITH SELECTED MAJOR TRADING PARTNERS

Balance on Goods and ServicesCreditsDebits
1999
2000
2001
1999
2000
2001
1999
2000
2001
Country
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

China, Peoples Republic of
-2,524
-3,056
-2,342
4,723
6,829
8,515
-7,247
-9,885
-10,857
Germany
-4,697
-4,822
-5,630
2,031
2,156
2,350
-6,728
-6,978
-7,980
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
1,576
1,910
2,153
3,983
4,648
5,611
-2,407
-2,738
-3,458
Indonesia
-372
452
-469
2,969
3,747
4,183
-3,341
-3,295
-4,652
Japan
4,351
8,136
9,775
20,041
25,569
27,319
-15,690
-17,433
-17,544
Korea, Republic of
2,696
4,619
5,196
6,832
9,749
10,394
-4,136
-5,130
-5,198
Malaysia
-1,479
-1,976
-1,385
2,690
3,193
3,421
-4,169
-5,169
-4,806
New Zealand
2,956
2,592
2,906
8,605
8,802
9,419
-5,649
-6,210
-6,513
Singapore
320
2,052
1,294
5,617
7,835
7,556
-5,297
-5,783
-6,262
Taiwan
1,482
2,336
2,586
4,636
6,042
5,797
-3,154
-3,706
-3,211
United Kingdom
-1,099
-2,336
-208
6,741
7,206
8,772
-7,840
-9,542
-8,980
United States of America
-14,549
-13,183
-10,902
12,886
16,890
17,108
-27,435
-30,073
-28,010
Sub-total
-11,339
-3,276
2,974
81,754
102,666
110,445
-93,093
-105,942
-107,471
All other countries
-5,171
-3,950
-92
32,081
39,903
44,299
-37,252
-43,853
-44,391
Total all countries
-16,510
-7,226
2,882
113,835
142,569
154,744
-130,345
-149,795
-151,862



TABLE F2: GOODS AND SERVICES BY SELECTED COUNTRIES AND COUNTRY GROUPS, 2001

CREDITSDEBITS
Balance on goods and services
Total goods and services
Goods
Services
Total goods and services
Goods
Services
Country
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Belgium and Luxembourg
112
995
912
83
-883
-845
-38
Brunei Darussalam
-353
61
46
15
-414
-401
-13
Canada
93
2,275
1,830
445
-2,182
-1,765
-417
Central America and Caribbean
77
269
232
37
-192
-164
-28
Chile
38
165
138
27
-127
-84
-43
China, People's Republic of
-2,342
8,515
7,639
876
-10,857
-10,408
-449
Fiji
213
686
597
89
-473
-241
-232
France
-1,458
1,539
1,207
332
-2,997
-2,609
-388
Germany
-5,630
2,350
1,485
865
-7,980
-6,748
-1,232
Greece
-224
158
106
52
-382
-107
-275
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
2,153
5,611
4,222
1,389
-3,458
-1,432
-2,026
Indonesia
-469
4,183
3,244
939
-4,652
-4,041
-611
Ireland, Republic of
-1,023
539
315
224
-1,562
-1,293
-269
Italy
-1,531
2,412
2,222
190
-3,943
-3,474
-469
Japan
9,775
27,319
23,903
3,416
-17,544
-15,461
-2,083
Korea, Republic of
5,196
10,394
9,603
791
-5,198
-4,847
-351
Malaysia
-1,385
3,421
2,611
810
-4,806
-3,948
-858
Mexico
-241
417
408
9
-658
-621
-37
Netherlands
474
1,971
1,658
313
-1,497
-1,028
-469
New Zealand
2,906
9,419
7,237
2,182
-6,513
-4,800
-1,713
Papua New Guinea
-184
1,260
1,042
218
-1,444
-1,259
-185
Peru
28
106
61
45
-78
-64
-14
Philippines
831
1,471
1,331
140
-640
-514
-126
Russian Federation
54
240
187
53
-186
-23
-163
Singapore
1,294
7,556
5,392
2,164
-6,262
-4,090
-2,172
South Africa
318
1,458
1,308
150
-1,140
-870
-270
Sweden
-1,303
383
215
168
-1,686
-1,542
-144
Switzerland
-850
637
279
358
-1,487
-1,298
-189
Taiwan
2,586
5,797
5,417
380
-3,211
-3,062
-149
Thailand
-488
2,672
2,307
365
-3,160
-2,719
-441
United Kingdom
-208
8,772
5,237
3,535
-8,980
-6,316
-2,664
United States of America
-10,902
17,108
12,221
4,887
-28,010
-21,661
-6,349
Viet Nam
-1,656
624
504
120
-2,280
-2,118
-162
Africa n.e.s.
297
2,042
1,824
218
-1,745
-184
-1,561
America n.e.s.
-257
790
643
147
-1,047
-720
-327
Asia n.e.s.
6,198
12,020
10,766
1,254
-5,822
-4,493
-1,329
Europe n.e.s.
-1,804
3,254
2,270
984
-5,058
-3,514
-1,544
Oceania n.e.s.
730
1,430
874
556
-700
-172
-528
Unallocated
1,817
4,425
1,668
2,757
-2,608
-596
-2,012
Total all countries
2,882
154,744
123,161
31,583
-151,862
-119,532
-32,330
APEC
6,574
108,613
89,323
19,290
-102,039
-83,318
-18,721
ASEAN
-2,059
20,093
15,498
4,595
-22,152
-17,858
-4,294
EU
-11,887
21,163
14,847
6,316
-33,050
-26,734
-6,316
OECD
-6,760
89,320
70,891
18,429
-96,080
-77,823
-18,257



TABLE F3: SERVICES BY SELECTED COUNTRIES AND COUNTRY GROUPS, 2001

CREDITSDEBITS
Balance on services
Total services
Trans-
portation
Travel
Other
Total services
Trans-
portation
Travel
Other
Country
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Belgium and Luxembourg
45
83
n.p.
47
36
-38
n.p.
-19
-19
Brunei Darussalam
2
15
n.p.
14
1
-13
n.p.
-13
n.p.
Canada
28
445
54
354
37
-417
-66
-280
-71
Central America and Caribbean
9
37
0
10
27
-28
0
-28
n.p.
Chile
-16
27
n.p.
25
2
-43
-22
-20
-1
China, People's Republic of
427
876
126
648
102
-449
n.p.
-331
-118
Fiji
-143
89
n.p.
69
20
-232
-57
-172
-3
France
-56
332
n.p.
237
95
-388
-13
-261
-114
Germany
-367
865
237
544
84
-1,232
-779
-214
-239
Greece
-223
52
n.p.
40
12
-275
-87
-187
-1
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
-637
1,389
288
562
539
-2,026
-592
-577
-857
Indonesia
328
939
162
622
155
-611
-259
-283
-69
Ireland, Republic of
-45
224
0
179
45
-269
-17
-185
-67
Italy
-279
190
n.p.
175
15
-469
-31
-405
-33
Japan
1,333
3,416
1,196
1,904
316
-2,083
-1,210
-290
-583
Korea, Republic of
440
791
146
580
65
-351
-182
-69
-100
Malaysia
-48
810
108
588
114
-858
-495
-312
-51
Mexico
-28
9
0
8
1
-37
0
-35
-2
Netherlands
-156
313
33
237
43
-469
-123
-69
-277
New Zealand
469
2,182
476
1,246
460
-1,713
-558
-887
-268
Papua New Guinea
33
218
n.p.
103
115
-185
-16
-131
-38
Peru
31
45
0
44
1
-14
0
-9
-5
Philippines
14
140
n.p.
77
63
-126
0
-85
-41
Russian Federation
-110
53
n.p.
49
4
-163
-82
-78
-3
Singapore
-8
2,164
909
808
447
-2,172
-1,687
-272
-213
South Africa
-120
150
40
86
24
-270
-55
-194
-21
Sweden
24
168
n.p.
132
36
-144
0
-110
-34
Switzerland
169
358
138
174
46
-189
n.p.
-39
-150
Taiwan
231
380
38
324
18
-149
-26
-114
-9
Thailand
-76
365
n.p.
322
43
-441
-271
-147
-23
United Kingdom
871
3,535
762
1,866
907
-2,664
-727
-675
-1,262
United States of America
-1,462
4,887
785
1,396
2,706
-6,349
-1,095
-1,856
-3,398
Viet Nam
-42
120
n.p.
88
32
-162
n.p.
-157
-5
Africa n.e.s.
-1,343
218
103
71
44
-1,561
-49
-1,486
-26
America n.e.s.
-180
147
32
96
19
-327
-29
10
-308
Asia n.e.s.
-75
1,254
397
480
377
-1,329
-863
-148
-318
Europe n.e.s.
-560
984
502
303
179
-1,544
-1,152
-252
-140
Oceania n.e.s.
28
556
171
338
47
-528
-29
-428
-71
Unallocated
745
2,757
1,264
150
1,343
-2,012
-545
-326
-1,141
Total all countries
-747
31,583
7,967
14,996
8,620
-32,330
-11,117
-11,134
-10,079
APEC
569
19,290
4,457
9,646
5,187
-18,721
-7,003
-5,859
-5,859
ASEAN
301
4,595
1,257
2,477
861
-4,294
-2,612
-1,269
-413
EU
0
6,316
1,335
3,666
1,315
-6,316
-1,878
-2,351
-2,087
OECD
172
18,429
4,141
9,336
4,952
-18,257
-5,770
-5,809
-6,678



SERVICES BY STATE

Interpretation of Data

Tables F4 and F5 present, respectively, international services credits (by state of provision) and international services debits (by state of consumption) for 2001, for 11 broad service types and more detailed components. Confidentiality constraints severely restrict the detail that can be provided for some states and territories. Care should be exercised in interpreting the data.

While the state allocation methods for transportation, travel and communication services are considered reasonable, especially for the analysis of movements in the services, the allocation for other services (about 25% of all trade in services) is primarily based on the location of the business reporting the information which serves as a proxy for state of origin/consumption of that service.

Transportation services are allocated by state using a combination of indicators including merchandise trade statistics by state and short-term overseas passenger arrivals and departures by state of clearance.

Overseas passenger departures data by the state where most time was spent are used to allocate the business and personal travel components of travel credits. Education-related travel credits are split using state data provided by the Department of Education, Science and Training. Travel debits are split using overseas departures data for resident departures by state.

For communication services, a domestic indicator for allocating the consumption of telecommunications and postal services by state in the national accounts is used to approximate the state allocation of the international trade in these services. It is assumed that each state's share of outgoing international calls and terminating connections for incoming international calls will be reasonably well aligned with total service consumption by state or territory.

Revisions to Past Data

During the preparation of calendar year 2001 data, a compilation error was discovered in the state allocations for travel credits for the reference period calendar year 2000. Estimates for NSW were substantially overstated, with the estimates for all other states and territories understated by an equivalent amount in total.

In addition, receipt of passenger card information from the Department of Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs (DIMIA) has resulted in revisions for both the national and state estimates for travel credits and debits. As a result, revisions have been applied to calendar year 2000 data which are included in Tables F6 and F7 in this article.

Further Information

Further information and longer time series for both calendar and financial year data by partner country and state can be obtained by contacting Kevin Yeadon on Canberra 02 6252 6255, or fax 02 6252 8003, or email at k.yeadon@abs.gov.au.





TABLE F4: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES CREDITS BY STATE, 2001

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
3,341
2,201
1,452
140
735
13
85
0
7,967
Travel
6,062
2,892
3,657
694
1,216
160
203
112
14,996
Business
475
177
310
26
105
7
17
11
1,128
Personal
5,587
2,715
3,347
668
1,111
153
186
101
13,868
Education related
1,508
1,172
674
435
197
85
38
11
4,120
Other
4,079
1,543
2,673
233
914
68
148
90
9,748
Communication (a)
440
238
157
118
82
21
9
53
1,118
Construction services
23
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0
0
87
Insurance services
446
233
0
0
0
0
0
0
679
Financial services
433
328
4
0
0
0
0
0
765
Computer & information services
663
n.p.
n.p.
34
9
n.p.
0
n.p.
842
Royalties and licence fees
383
144
26
n.p.
6
n.p.
0
n.p.
577
Other business services
2,190
674
100
48
211
n.p.
n.p.
17
3,301
Merchanting
110
62
20
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
205
Other trade related services
247
35
n.p.
n.p.
0
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
301
Operational leasing services
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0
25
Professional services
646
101
11
1
12
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
773
Research and Development
85
136
n.p.
8
10
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
254
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
203
140
32
7
129
n.p.
n.p.
5
569
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
11
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
47
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
664
113
10
n.p.
24
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
815
Other
212
77
1
8
12
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
312
Confidential items - other business services (b)
23
10
26
24
13
n.p.
n.p.
12
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
187
84
64
72
n.p.
2
n.p.
22
480
Audiovisual and related services
80
7
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0
n.p.
n.p.
91
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
107
77
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
2
n.p.
n.p.
389
Government services n.i.e.
42
12
3
55
20
0
244
395
771
Confidential items (b)
0
137
57
13
36
7
70
8
..
Total
14,210
6,943
5,520
1,174
2,315
203
611
607
31,583

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e.
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items


TABLE F5: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES DEBITS BY STATE, 2001

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
-4,765
-3,084
-1,633
-371
-1,112
-42
-110
0
-11,117
Travel
-4,475
-2,802
-1,617
-526
-1,270
-128
-98
-218
-11,134
Business
-1,207
-730
-337
-106
-267
-26
-22
-62
-2,757
Personal
-3,268
-2,072
-1,280
-420
-1,003
-102
-76
-156
-8,377
Education related
-239
-233
-106
-37
-69
-8
-5
-15
-712
Other
-3,029
-1,839
-1,174
-383
-934
-94
-71
-141
-7,665
Communication (a)
-550
-436
-281
-130
-147
-37
-14
-29
-1,624
Construction services
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Insurance services
-819
-35
0
0
0
0
0
0
-854
Financial services
-352
-190
0
0
0
0
0
0
-542
Computer & information services
-282
-96
-9
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-410
Royalties and licence fees
-1,161
-396
-24
-81
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-1,681
Other business services
-1,425
-1,415
-192
-112
-378
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-3,564
Merchanting and other trade related services
-76
-61
-18
n.p.
-73
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-297
Operational leasing services
n.p.
-779
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-1,090
Professional services
-301
-113
-10
-5
-23
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-456
Research and Development
n.p.
-90
0
0
-2
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-108
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
-129
-85
n.p.
-18
-82
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-404
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-151
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
-511
-184
-36
n.p.
-25
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-769
Other
-141
n.p.
-18
-5
-39
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-289
Confidential items - other business services (b)
-267
-103
-110
-84
-134
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
-619
-87
-3
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-765
Audiovisual and related services
-568
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-632
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
-51
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-133
Government services n.i.e.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-639
-639
Confidential items (b)
0
0
0
-62
-33
-12
-27
-6
..
Total
-14,448
-8,541
-3,759
-1,282
-2,940
-219
-249
-892
-32,330

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e.
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items



TABLE F6: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES CREDITS BY STATE, 2000

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
3,167
2,022
1,352
142
685
9
82
0
7,459
Travel
6,153
2,648
3,498
486
1,324
114
150
146
14,519
Business
493
163
299
26
102
7
14
9
1,113
Personal
5,660
2,485
3,199
460
1,222
107
136
137
13,406
Education related
1,361
1,059
607
239
330
47
17
57
3,717
Other
4,299
1,426
2,592
221
892
60
119
80
9,689
Communication (a)
582
345
239
158
123
33
16
37
1,533
Construction services
31
0
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0
0
0
34
Insurance services
490
260
0
0
0
0
0
0
750
Financial services
423
320
4
0
0
0
0
0
747
Computer & information services
560
106
n.p.
11
10
n.p.
0
0
733
Royalties and licence fees
447
125
17
n.p.
8
n.p.
0
4
614
Other business services
1,968
734
173
34
114
n.p.
n.p.
15
3,075
Merchanting
83
61
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
215
Other trade related services
252
21
8
n.p.
1
n.p.
n.p.
0
284
Operational leasing services
3
n.p.
n.p.
0
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0
13
Professional services
339
123
19
3
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
507
Research and Development
91
127
2
4
7
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
238
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
354
187
73
4
59
n.p.
n.p.
4
707
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
6
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
24
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
695
174
10
n.p.
12
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
896
Other
145
33
2
n.p.
7
n.p.
n.p.
2
191
Confidential items - other business services (b)
0
8
59
23
28
n.p.
n.p.
9
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
1,305
98
35
62
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
29
1,555
Audiovisual and related services
1,225
35
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0
1,263
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
80
63
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
29
292
Government services n.i.e.
39
11
2
57
22
0
259
432
822
Confidential items (b)
0
0
48
13
14
14
36
0
..
Total
15,165
6,669
5,368
963
2,300
170
543
663
31,841

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e.
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items


TABLE F7: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES DEBITS BY STATE, 2000

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
-4,781
-2,907
-1,611
-357
-1,049
-38
-117
0
-10,860
Travel
-4,252
-2,561
-1,566
-491
-1,249
-97
-106
-210
-10,532
Business
-1,213
-711
-346
-101
-261
-15
-24
-67
-2,738
Personal
-3,039
-1,850
-1,220
-390
-988
-82
-82
-143
-7,794
Education related
-217
-167
-103
-32
-71
-5
-6
-13
-614
Other
-2,822
-1,683
-1,117
-358
-917
-77
-76
-130
-7,180
Communication (a)
-623
-504
-315
-134
-168
-41
-18
-35
-1,838
Construction services
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Insurance services
-866
-36
0
0
0
0
0
0
-902
Financial services
-343
-184
0
0
0
0
0
0
-527
Computer & information services
-293
-91
-12
n.p.
-4
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-428
Royalties and licence fees
-1,171
-458
-21
-75
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-1,748
Other business services
-1,340
-1,108
-161
-78
-212
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-2,905
Merchanting and other trade related services
-62
-75
-26
n.p.
-31
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-224
Operational leasing services
-264
-615
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-895
Professional services
-191
-82
-10
-5
-15
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-309
Research and Development
-27
-40
0
-1
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-81
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
-292
-67
n.p.
-29
-19
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-464
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
0
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-130
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
-433
-168
-30
n.p.
-21
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-662
Other
-71
n.p.
n.p.
-1
-13
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-140
Confidential items - other business services (b)
0
-61
-95
-42
-113
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
-565
-184
-3
n.p.
0
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-811
Audiovisual and related services
-521
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-670
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
-44
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-141
Government services n.i.e.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-650
-650
Confidential items (b)
0
0
0
-65
-22
-2
-5
-22
..
Total
-14,234
-8,033
-3,689
-1,200
-2,704
-178
-246
-917
-31,201

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items


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