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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2006  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 20/07/2006   
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Contents >> Education and Training >> National and State Summary Tables

National and State Summary Tables


EDUCATION AND TRAINING: NATIONAL SUMMARY

PARTICIPANTS

Units
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

1School students(a)
'000
3 109
3 143
3 172
3 199
3 227
3 247
3 268
3 302
3 319
3 332
3 348
2Students in government schools(a)
%
71.0
70.7
70.3
70.0
69.7
69.2
68.8
68.4
67.9
67.5
67.1
3Females – of all
Year 11 and 12 students(a)
%
51.8
51.8
51.8
52.0
52.1
52.1
51.8
51.5
51.4
51.6
51.8
4Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent
retention rate – males(b)
%
66.7
65.9
66.2
65.9
66.4
66.1
68.1
69.8
70.3
70.4
69.9
5Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent
retention rate – females(b)
%
77.9
77.0
77.8
77.7
78.5
78.7
79.1
80.7
80.7
81.2
81.0
6Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent
retention rate – Indigenous(b)
%
30.6
29.2
30.9
32.1
34.7
36.4
35.7
38.0
39.1
39.5
39.5
7Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent
retention rate – non-Indigenous(b)
%
73.2
72.4
72.9
72.7
73.2
73.3
74.5
76.3
76.5
76.8
76.6
8Education participation –
of all aged 15–19
%
73.9
74.0
77.4
76.9
77.8
77.6
77.4
77.3
77.5
76.2
76.0
9Education participation –
of all aged 20–24
%
28.0
31.5
31.0
32.1
34.4
34.4
34.8
37.2
37.5
37.7
38.9
10Vocational Education
and Training (VET) students(c)(d)
'000
1 269
1 341
1 449
1 510
1 615
1 708
1 679
1 683
1 718
1 595
n.y.a.
11Apprentices and trainees(e)
'000
138.9
157.2
172.0
193.0
251.0
271.3
310.0
351.8
r404.8
r400.2
391.2
12Females – of all VET students (c)(d)
%
46.2
46.5
46.3
7.3
48.7
49.0
48.5
48.1
48.6
47.7
n.y.a.
13Higher education students(f)
'000
604.2
634.1
658.8
671.9
686.3
695.5
842.2
896.6
930.0
945.0
n.y.a.
14Females – of all
higher education students(f)
%
53.9
54.3
54.4
54.7
55.0
55.2
54.4
54.4
54.4
54.3
n.y.a.
15Overseas students –
of all higher education students(f)(g)
%
7.6
8.4
9.6
10.7
12.1
13.7
18.7
20.6
22.6
24.2
n.y.a

EDUCATION OUTCOMES

Units
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

With non-school educational qualifications of all persons aged 15–64 years(h)
16Of all aged 15–64(i)(j)
%
41.0
42.3
40.4
41.9
43.7
43.8
47.2
48.2
49.1
50.9
51.5
17Bachelor degree or above
%
11.9
12.8
13.6
14.3
15.4
15.7
17.0
17.8
18.1
18.9
19.6
18Advanced diploma
and diploma or below
%
29.1
29.4
26.8
27.6
28.3
28.1
29.1
29.8
30.2
31.3
30.7
19Females – of all with non-school educational qualifications
%
43.9
44.1
44.6
45.1
45.2
45.8
46.9
46.8
46.5
47.6
47.7
With non-school educational qualifications of all persons aged 25–64(h)
20Of all aged 25–64(i)(j)
%
46.4
47.7
45.5
47.3
49.3
49.5
53.3
54.4
55.3
57.5
58.1
21Bachelor degree or above
%
13.8
14.8
15.6
16.6
17.7
18.1
19.7
20.4
20.9
21.9
22.7
22Advanced diploma
and diploma or below
%
32.6
32.9
29.9
30.7
31.7
31.4
32.3
33.2
33.4
34.7
34.1
23Higher education students
completing courses
'000
141.0
145.3
155.3
161.7
164.4
170.9
187.0
200.7
215.1
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
Without non-school educational qualifications of all persons aged 15–64(h)
24Of all aged 15–64(i)
%
59.0
57.7
59.6
58.1
56.3
56.2
52.8
51.8
50.9
49.1
48.5
25Did not complete Year 12(k)
%
36.1
34.8
36.3
34.2
32.7
32.0
36.1
34.9
33.8
32.3
31.2
Reading – proportion of Year 5 students reaching national benchmarks(l)
26Males
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
83.4
85.2
87.8
87.2
86.8
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
27Females
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
88.4
89.6
92
91.5
91.6
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
Numeracy – proportion of Year 5 students reaching national benchmarks
28Males
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
89.4
89.5
89.9
90.3
n.y.a.
n.y.a.
29Females
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
89.8
89.8
90.2
91.4
n.y.a.
n.y.a.

LABOUR MARKET OUTCOMES

Units
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

Unemployment rate (aged 15–64)
30 With non-school
educational qualifications(h)(i)(j)
%
5.5
5.3
5.4
5.0
4.6
4.4
4.6
4.2
4.3
3.8
3.6
31Bachelor degree or above
%
3.6
3.8
3.5
3.1
3.0
3.0
2.8
2.7
3.1
3.0
2.6
32Advanced diploma
and diploma or below
%
6.3
6.0
6.5
6.0
5.5
5.2
5.7
5.1
5.0
4.3
4.2
33Without non-school
educational qualifications(i)
%
11.1
11.3
11.6
10.9
10.3
9.1
9.6
9.1
8.6
8.0
7.5
34Completed Year 12(k)
%
9.9
10.0
8.9
8.6
7.7
7.2
7.5
7.0
6.4
6.6
5.1
35Did not complete Year 12(k)
%
11.7
12.0
13.0
12.2
11.8
10.3
10.8
10.3
10.0
9.0
9.1

FINANCIAL RESOURCES

Units
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

Government expenditure on education(m)
36Proportion of GDP
%
4.6
4.5
4.5
4.4
5.2
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.4
n.y.a.
37Primary and secondary
$'000m
12.5
13.0
13.9
14.7
17.3
18.2
19.5
21.3
23.3
23.7
n.y.a.
38Tertiary
$'000m
7.6
7.6
8.1
8.0
11.7
12.1
12.8
13.6
15.1
16.1
n.y.a.

HUMAN RESOURCES

Units
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

FTE Student/teaching staff ratio
39All schools(n)
ratio
15.4
15.4
15.3
15.3
15.0
14.9
14.7
14.7
14.5
14.3
14.2
40Government schools(n)
ratio
15.4
15.4
15.3
15.3
14.9
14.9
14.7
14.8
14.6
14.5
14.4
41Primary schools(n)
ratio
18.2
18.1
17.9
17.9
17.3
17.3
17.0
16.9
16.6
16.4
16.2
42Secondary schools(n)
ratio
12.7
12.8
12.8
12.8
12.7
12.6
12.5
12.5
12.4
12.3
12.2
43Higher education
ratio
15.1
15.9
17.3
18.0
18.0
18.3
18.7
19.5
20.1
r19.8
n.y.a.
Female teachers/academic staff
44Of all primary school teachers
%
76.1
76.2
76.9
77.5
78.0
78.3
78.7
79.1
79.1
79.4
79.7
45Of all secondary school teachers
%
52.3
52.6
53.1
53.5
54.1
54.4
54.9
55.1
55.3
55.6
56.0
46Of all higher education
academic staff(o)
%
33.5
34.1
34.4
35.1
35.5
36.3
37.5
38.1
38.7
39.5
n.y.a.

PROVIDERS

Units
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

47Schools
no.
9 648
9 630
9 609
9 587
9 590
9 609
9 515
9 612
9 607
9 615
9 623
48Government schools – of all schools
%
73.8
73.6
73.2
73.0
72.7
72.6
72.3
72.3
72.1
72.2
72.0


(a) Refers to full-time students only.
(b) Refers to the number of full-time students in Year 12 divided by the number of full-time students in the first year of secondary school (Year 7 in NSW, the ACT, Vic. and Tas.; Year 8 in Qld, SA, the NT and WA) when the Year 12 cohort began secondary school. Care should be taken in interpreting apparent retention rates as they do not account for students repeating a year or migrating into or out of the relevant school student population.
(c) Private providers were included from 1996, and VET in schools was included from 1997 to 2001.
(d) In 2003 Queensland introduced a unique student identifier for all students covered by the collection which creates an apparent reduction in overall student numbers when compared with previous annual collections.
(e) Data have been revised following a major review of the estimation method. Under the new method, data will not be finalised for eight quarters after initial estimation.
(f) The scope of the data from 2002 is different to that used for reporting students in previous publications in the Selected Higher Education Statistics series. 2001 data has been recalculated by the Department of Education, Science and Training to align with the change in scope. Refer to Students 2002: Selected Higher Education Statistics for more detail.
(g) Prior to 1996, New Zealand students were counted as being overseas students.
(h) There have been two major breaks in the series between 1995 and 2005. The breaks listed below are considered to have impacted on the comparability of data relating to qualifications. In 1997 prompt cards were no longer used and computer assisted coding methodology was adopted, resulting in changes in the relative distribution within vocational education qualifications, and in 2001, the Australian Bureau of Statistics Classification of Qualifications (ABSCQ) was replaced by the Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED) (cat. no. 1272.0).
(i) Estimates refer to recognised qualifications only.
(j) Includes persons who have a qualification where the level can not be determined.
(k) Includes persons who are still at school.
(l) In 1999, data do not include a number of Queensland students, who were formally exempted from testing.
(m) Data for the 1998–99 financial year onwards are not comparable with estimates in previous financial years. Prior to 1998–99, this indicator refers to cash outlays on education including capital outlays. From 1998–99 onwards, when accrual accounting was implemented in Government Finance Statistics (GFS), this indicator refers to Operating Expenses and does not include a capital component.
(n) FTE student/teaching staff ratios are calculated by dividing the number of FTE students by the number of FTE teaching staff. Student/teaching staff ratios should not be used as a measure of class size. They do not take account of teacher aides and other non-teaching staff who may also assist in the delivery of school education.
(o) Data cover full-time and fractional full-time staff but exclude casual academic staff.

Reference periods: Data for indicators 1–7, 39–42, 44–45 and 47–48 are at August.
Data for indicators 8–9, 16–22, 24–25 and 30–35 are at May.
Data for indicators 10–12 are at 30 June.
Data for indicators 13–15, 23, 43 and 46 are at 31 August from 2002 and 31 March prior to 2002.
Data for indicators 26–29 are at August.
Data for indicators 36–38 are for the financial year ending 30 June.

EDUCATION AND TRAINING: STATE SUMMARY

PARTICIPANTS

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT(a)
ACT
Aust.

1School students(b)
'000
2005
1 108
826
647
249
338
83
37
60
3 348
2Students in government schools(b)
%
2005
66.8
65.0
69.7
66.0
67.6
73.5
76.4
59.3
67.1
3Females – of all
Year 11 and 12 students(b)
%
2005
52.3
52.2
51.4
51.0
51.2
53.7
50.6
49.9
51.8
4Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent
retention rate – males(c)
%
2005
66.0
73.9
75.3
64.3
67.2
58.4
56.8
87.2
69.9
5Year 7/8 to Year 12 apparent
retention rate – females(c)
%
2005
76.3
87.6
84.7
77.6
78.0
76.5
61.5
87.9
81.0
8Education participation – of all aged 15–19
%
2005
77.7
81.4
71.8
72.0
69.7
74.8
65.9
76.7
76.0
9Education participation – of all aged 20–24
%
2005
40.4
42.4
34.1
38.2
34.8
34.0
26.4
48.1
38.9
10Vocational Education
and Training (VET) students(d)(e)
'000
2004
517.5
480.7
278.8
111.3
126.5
38.5
19.7
22.3
1 595.2
11Apprentices and trainees
'000
2005
118.3
112.7
76.1
33.8
28.4
12.9
3.2
5.9
391.2
12Females – of all VET students(d)(e)
%
2004
48.8
47.5
45.7
50.0
46.8
43.1
46.7
51.6
47.7
13Higher education students(f)(g)
'000
2004
296.5
241.8
182.6
65.5
93.6
18.1
6.0
28.2
945.0
14Females – of all
higher education students(f)(g)
%
2004
54.2
53.5
53.9
56.1
55.8
50.3
66.0
50.2
54.3
15Overseas students – of all higher education students(f)(g)
%
2004
22.5
27.6
23.8
25.0
26.1
17.5
4.0
19.9
24.2

EDUCATION OUTCOMES

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT(a)
ACT
Aust.

With non-school educational qualifications of all persons aged 15–64 years
16Of all aged 15–64(h)(i)
%
2005
54.2
57.2
49.5
47.4
52.2
44.8
52.2
58.8
51.5
17Bachelor degree or above
%
2005
21.2
24.3
16.6
15.7
18.4
15.3
18.1
32.6
19.6
18Advanced diploma
and diploma or below
%
2005
31.6
32.0
32.0
29.8
32.6
28.2
33.0
24.5
30.7
19Females – of all with non-school educational qualifications
%
2005
48.2
48.1
46.3
46.5
47.7
48.7
47.1
50.1
47.7
With non-school educational qualifications of all persons aged 25–64
20Of all aged 25–64(h)(i)
%
2005
61.1
50.6
55.3
53.3
58.7
51.1
60.7
68.7
58.1
21Bachelor degree or above
%
2005
24.5
21.0
19.0
18.2
21.2
18.3
22.7
39.5
22.7
22Advanced diploma
and diploma or below
%
2005
35.1
28.6
35.1
33.0
36.1
31.6
37.0
27.1
34.1
23Higher education
students completing courses(j)(f)
'000
2003
70.5
56.0
37.2
15.5
21.6
3.7
1.0
6.8
215.1
Without non-school educational qualifications
24Of all aged 15–64(h)(i)
%
2005
45.8
49.4
50.5
52.6
47.8
55.3
47.8
41.2
48.5
25Did not complete Year 12(k)
%
2005
29.5
31.0
31.9
36.5
31.8
42.0
30.6
19.0
31.2
Reading – proportion of Year 5 students reaching national benchmarks
26Males
%
2003
89.7
87.0
78.4
86.5
92.1
93.9
76.5
95.1
86.8
27Females
%
2003
93.9
92.2
84.8
90.7
94.8
96.6
81.2
97.1
91.6
Numeracy – proportion of Year 5 students reaching national benchmarks
28Males
%
2003
90.4
94.3
86.6
90.1
90.0
91.6
74.6
91.7
90.3
29Females
%
2003
92.2
95.2
86.4
91.3
90.8
93.3
77.6
92.1
91.4

LABOUR MARKET OUTCOMES

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT(a)
ACT
Aust.

Unemployment rate (aged 15–64)
30With non-school
educational qualifications(h)(i)
%
2005
3.8
3.4
4.0
3.8
2.8
2.9
*3.8
1.8
3.6
31Bachelor degree or above
%
2005
3.0
2.4
2.9
2.7
2.2
*1.9
**2.7
*0.8
2.6
32Advanced diploma
and diploma or below
%
2005
4.3
4.2
4.5
4.4
3.2
3.4
*4.6
*3.2
4.2
33Without non-school
educational qualifications(h)
%
2005
7.8
8.0
7.2
6.5
6.8
8.1
*6.1
6.4
7.5
34Completed Year 12(k)
%
2005
4.6
5.1
5.7
4.6
5.8
6.3
5.3
3.3
5.1
35Did not complete Year 12(k)
%
2005
10.0
10.1
8.2
7.5
7.4
8.8
6.6
11.1
9.1

HUMAN RESOURCES

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

FTE Student/teaching staff ratio
39All schools (l)
ratio
2005
14.4
13.9
14.4
14.5
14.4
14.5
13.0
13.6
14.2
40Government schools (l)
ratio
2005
14.6
14.1
14.5
14.6
14.5
14.7
12.9
12.9
14.4
41Primary schools (l)
ratio
2005
16.8
16.1
15.7
16.3
16.4
16.1
14.2
15.0
16.2
42Secondary schools (l)
ratio
2005
12.2
11.9
12.8
12.3
12.1
13.0
11.2
12.3
12.2
43Higher education(f)(g)
ratio
2004
19.4
19.3
22.2
18.8
19.3
19.8
18.6
18.3
r19.8
Female teachers/academic staff
44Of all primary school teachers
%
2005
81.0
80.1
78.5
76.5
79.3
79.0
81.1
82.9
79.7
45Of all secondary school teachers
%
2005
55.4
57.8
57.0
50.7
53.5
55.1
59.9
60.5
56.0
46Of all higher education
academic staff(g)(m)
%
2004
38.0
42.6
38.3
40.2
38.9
36.3
50.4
32.3
39.5

PROVIDERS

UnitsYears
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

47Schools
no.
2005
3 106
2 305
1 734
805
1 068
279
186
140
9 623
48Government schools – of all schools
%
2005
70.6
70.0
73.8
75.2
72.8
76.3
81.2
68.6
72.0

(a) Estimates for Northern Territory refer to mainly urban areas only for indicators 8–9, 16–22, 24–25 and 30–35.
(b) Refers to full-time students only.
(c) Refers to the number of full-time students in Year 12 divided by the number of full-time students in the first year of secondary school (Year 7 in NSW, the ACT, Vic. and Tas.; Year 8 in Qld, SA, the NT and WA) when the Year 12 cohort began secondary school. Care should be taken in interpreting apparent retention rates as they do not account for students repeating a year or migrating into or out of the relevant school student population.
(d) Excludes VET in schools and students who were granted credit transfer for all of their 2004 enrolment activity.
(e) In 2003 Queensland introduced a unique student identifier for all students covered by the collection which creates an apparent reduction in overall student numbers when compared with previous annual collections.
(f) State and territory totals exclude students of the Australian Catholic University which has campuses in more than one state or territory.
(g) Australian total includes multi-state universities.
(h) Estimates refer to recognised qualifications only.
(i) Includes persons who have a qualification where the level can not be determined.
(j) Excludes VET in schools.
(k) Includes persons who are still at school.
(l) FTE student/teaching staff ratios are calculated by dividing the number of FTE students by the number of FTE teaching staff. Student/teaching staff ratios should not be used as a measure of class size. They do not take account of teacher aides and other non-teaching staff who may also assist in the delivery of school education.
(m) Data cover full-time and fractional full-time staff but exclude casual academic staff.

Reference periods: Data for indicators 8–9, 16–22, 24–25 and 30–35 are at May.
Data for indicators 10–12 are at 30 June.
Data for all other indicators are at August.


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