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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2006  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 20/07/2006   
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Education

DISTRIBUTION OF PERSONS AGED 25–64 YEARS BY LEVEL OF EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT

Reference
year
Below upper
secondary
education(a)
Upper secondary
education and post-secondary

non-tertiary
education(b)
Tertiary type B education(c)
Tertiary type A and
advanced research programs(d)
Total(e)
Country
%
%
%
%
%

Australia
2003
38
31
11
20
100
Canada
2003
17
40
22
22
100
China
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
France
2003
36
41
9
15
100
Greece
2003
47
36
6
12
100
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Indonesia
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Italy
2003
53
36
(f)
10
100
Japan
2003
16
47
17
21
100
Korea (Republic of)
2003
27
44
8
22
100
Malaysia
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
New Zealand
2003
22
46
15
17
100
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100
Singapore
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100
Sweden
2003
17
49
15
18
100
United Kingdom
2003
16
56
9
19
100
United States of America
2003
13
49
9
29
100
Viet Nam
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

(a) International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) levels 0, 1 and 2. For Australia this includes Preschool, Primary School and lower Secondary School levels as well as the Basic Vocational level.
(b) International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) levels 3 and 4. For Australia this includes Year 12 completion as well as the Skilled Vocational level.
(c) International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) level 5B. For Australia this includes Associate Diplomas and Undergraduate Diplomas.
(d) International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) levels 5A and 6. For Australia this includes Bachelor degree level or higher.
(e) Component totals when added may not equal 100% due to rounding.
(f) Data included in Tertiary Type A and advanced research programs.

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2005, Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators, 2005, OECD, Paris, last viewed 23 May 2006,
<http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/22/35/35282639.xls>.


EDUCATIONAL PARTICIPATION(a) AND EXPENDITURE

Enrolment rates by age group (years)

Reference year(b)
15–19
20–29
30–39
40 and
over
Reference year(b)
Total public expenditure as a proportion of GDP(c)
Total public and
private expenditure
as a proportion of GDP(d)
Country
%
%
%
%
%
%

Australia
2003
82.1
33.4
15.1
6.8
2002
4.4
6.0
Canada
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
China
2003
13.7
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
France
2003
87.2
20.4
2.4
n.a.
2002
5.7
6.1
Greece
2003
82.6
25.8
0.5
2002
3.9
4.1
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Indonesia
2003
51.5
3.9
2002
1.2
1.9
Italy
2003
77.8
19.3
2.7
2002
4.6
4.9
Japan
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
2002
3.5
4.7
Korea (Republic of)
2003
81.7
27.3
1.9
0.4
2002
4.2
7.1
Malaysia
2003
56.0
8.4
1.2
0.2
2002
8.1
n.a.
New Zealand
2003
67
28.7
11.3
4.5
2002
5.6
6.8
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Sweden
2003
86.8
34.5
13.6
3.4
2002
6.7
6.9
United Kingdom
2003
75.9
26.3
15.7
7.8
2002
5.0
5.9
United States of America
2003
75.4
22.2
5.9
1.7
2002
5.3
7.2
Viet Nam
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.

(a) Participation rates are based on full-time and part-time enrolments.
(b) 1 January of the reference year is considered a good proxy for the midpoint of the school year except for New Zealand, Australia and Korea where 1 July is used as the midpoint of the reference period.
(c) Includes both purchases by the government agency itself on educational resources and also appropriations by the government agency to educational institutions which have been given responsibility to purchase educational resources themselves. Also includes public subsidies to households attributable for educational institutions, and direct expenditure on educational institutions from international sources.
(d) Public expenditure refers to the spending of public authorities at all levels. Private expenditure refers to expenditure funded by private sources i.e. households, private business firms and nonprofit organisations of religious, charitable or business and labour associations.

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2005, Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators, 2005, OECD, Paris, last viewed 23 May 2006,
<http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/1/29/35286589.xls>, <http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/2/11/35286380.xls>.


STUDENT PERFORMANCE ON COMBINED READING, MATHEMATICAL AND SCIENTIFIC LITERACY SCALES(a)

Combined reading literacy
Mathematical literacy
Scientific literacy



Reference year
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Country
Mean score
Mean score
Mean score
Mean score
Mean score
Mean score

Australia
2003
506
545
527
522
525
525
Canada
2003
514
546
541
530
527
516
China
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
France
2003
476
514
515
507
511
511
Greece
2003
453
490
455
436
487
475
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
2003
494
525
552
548
538
541
Indonesia
2003
369
394
362
358
396
394
Italy
2003
455
495
475
457
490
484
Japan
2003
487
509
539
530
550
546
Korea (Republic of)
2003
525
547
552
528
546
527
Malaysia
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
New Zealand
2003
508
535
531
516
529
513
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Sweden
2003
496
533
512
506
509
504
United Kingdom
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
United States of America
2003
479
511
486
480
494
489
Viet Nam
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

(a) A scaling method assigns scores so that 500 is the OECD average in each domain.

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2004, Learning for tomorrow's world : First results from PISA 2003, last viewed 23 May 2006,
<http://www.pisa.oecd.org/document/5/0,2340,en_32252351_32236173_33917573_1_1_1_1,00.html>.



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