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Local government spends $2.5 billion on environment protection and $1.8 billion on natural resource management in 2000-01
Environment expenditure, By domain - 2000-01
Local government has been found to be a major player in protecting Australia's environment and in managing its natural resources. Australian local government spent a total of $2.5 billion on measures to protect the environment and $1.8 billion on natural resource management in 2000-01.
There are two main types of expenditure considered to have an impact on the environment. These expenditures and related revenues are divided into two accounts, 'Environment Protection' and 'Natural Resource Management' (see 'Description of Accounts').
Environment Expenditure, Local Government, Australia 2000-01 (Cat. No. 4611.0) is the fourth publication in a series of annual publications designed to provide statistics on environment expenditure and revenue by local government authorities. It is a part of the environment accounts series for Australia. This collection is one of the most comprehensive of its kind in the world, with almost half of Australian local government authorities contributing. A number of other countries and international organisations, including the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives, are taking a strong interest in this collection.
Environment Protection - 2000-01
Summary of Results, Environment revenue and expenditure, By account, 2000-01
Natural resource management, By category - 2000-01
DESCRIPTION OF ACCOUNTS:
ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION ACTIVITIES:
Environment protection groups together all actions and activities whose primary purpose is the prevention, reduction or elimination of waste, pollution or other degradation of the environment. The environment protection account is divided into six different categories: waste water management, solid waste management, biodiversity and habitat, soil resources, cultural heritage and other environmental protection activities.
WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT
Activities that correspond to sewerage operations and the reduction of waste elements reaching water bodies. Waste water reuse by council.
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
Landfill and solid waste operations by council and the implementation of programs to reduce the amount of materials entering the solid waste stream.
BIODIVERSITY AND HABITAT
Programs that focus on the conservation of natural species and habitats. Programs to re-establish native species back into the environment. The construction of barriers to halt damage from developments entering areas specified as having a value for biodiversity. Clean up and establishment of catchment zones for water bodies.
Remediation of contaminated soils. Protection of existing soil from degradation and contamination by wastes. Remediation of degraded (salinated and eroded) soils in crown land and national park regions.
Establishment and maintenance of cultural heritage sites. Programs to encourage the implementation of cultural heritage preservation by business and householders.
OTHER ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION
A 'catch all' category for other environmental protection activities, e.g. noise and vibration control, ambient air and climate and general environmental education. Any environment protection activities which cannot be allocated into any of the above categories.
NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES:
Natural resource management covers all activities which manage natural resources and activities aimed at making more efficient use of natural resources. The three categories for natural resource management are: water supply, land management and development and other natural resource management activities.
The supply and use of inland water stocks. Maintenance of quality and purification of water supply. Programs to encourage water conservation plans.
LAND MANAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT
The development by zoning of land resources. The management of recreational parks and sporting fields. Management of crown land not reserved for native biodiversity. The processing of development applications and associated costs.
OTHER NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Includes quarrying to provide raw materials for council works, research and development on alternative energy resources and measures to reduce energy consumption by councils.
Further information on environmental expenditure by Australian Local Governments and a detailed state break down is presented in the report Environment Expenditure, Local Government, Australia 2000-01, (Cat. no. 4611.0).
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