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8221.0 - Manufacturing Industry, Australia, 2001-02 and 2002-03  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 17/12/2004   
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ABOUT THIS PUBLICATION

This publication presents the first release of manufacturing industry estimates from the Economic Activity Survey compiled using new statistical infrastructure. Estimates have been compiled on this new basis for each of 2001-02 and 2002-03. Effectively, a new statistical series has commenced with the 2001-02 collection.


The new infrastructure was described in Information Paper: Improvements in ABS Economic Statistics [Arising from The New Tax System] (cat. no. 1372.0), released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) on 6 May 2002. The paper described a number of changes to the infrastructure supporting the compilation of ABS economic series. The changes make better use of data available from the taxation system to improve the efficiency, coverage and sample design of the surveys from which these series are sourced.


To facilitate comparisons over time, the effects of the infrastructure changes on the statistics have been measured, by showing data on both bases for 2000-01. For total manufacturing, the estimates of Industry Value Added (IVA) on the new basis are 10.4% higher than those collected on the old basis, and the estimates of sales and service income are 9.3% higher. More details on the size of these effects can be found in Appendix 3.


Employment estimates (and related ratios) have not been included in this issue, due to methodological problems with deriving them from the taxation system data used. See Explanatory Notes paragraph 32 for details.



CANCELLATION OF 2001-02 ISSUE

This publication contains previously unpublished information for the manufacturing industry for both 2001-02 and 2002-03. This is because the scheduled 2001-02 issue of this publication was not produced, due to delays caused by the introduction of the new statistical infrastructure mentioned above.



INFORMATION AVAILABLE ONLINE

Information is available online via the Manufacturing Statistics theme page. To access the theme page, go to the ABS web site home page http://abs.gov.au. Open the Industry link shown under THEMES (located in the left-side navigator 'Quick links'), then open the Manufacturing Statistics link shown under Industry.



INQUIRIES

For further information about these and related statistics, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 or John Ridley on Sydney (02) 9268 4541.



CHAPTER 1 SUMMARY, 2000-01 TO 2002-03



INTRODUCTION

The introduction of the New Tax System (TNTS) has had a number of significant implications for ABS statistics. Most of these changes affected the ABS Business Register (ABSBR) and, therefore, all ABS business collections which draw their populations from it. These changes have resulted in the adoption of a new statistical infrastructure. Because of this, data are presented for 2000-01 on an old and a new basis in Table 1.1.


Data shown on the 'old basis' reflect the 2000-01 collection where data were collected from what the ABS refers to as management units. The 'new basis' data reflect the new ABN unit / TAU based collections for 2001-02 and 2002-03. The 'new basis' data also provide revised estimates for 2000-01, calculated as though the 2000-01 collection had been conducted on the same basis as the 2001-02 and 2002-03 collections.


Given the significant changes to the statistical infrastructure which have occurred, care should be taken in using these bridged estimates. For more information, see Explanatory Notes paragraphs 6-11 and Appendices 2 and 3. The Glossary provides definitions for terms used.



OVERVIEW

Sales and service income for the year 2002-03 for the Australian manufacturing industry was $309.3b, which resulted in an industry value added (IVA) for the year of $88.7b. In current price terms, this represents a 5.0% increase in sales and service income from the $294.5b recorded for 2001-02 and an increase of 9.3% in IVA. The manufacturing industry paid $45.9b in wages and salaries in 2002-03, an 8.4% increase on the year before.



COMPARISON ACROSS INDUSTRY

In 2002-03, the largest share of production (as measured by total factor income) was contributed equally by MANUFACTURING and PROPERTY AND BUSINESS SERVICES, both at 11.7%. MANUFACTURING was the largest industry in Victoria, Queensland, South Australia and Tasmania, and in NSW was exceeded only by PROPERTY AND BUSINESS SERVICES and OWNERSHIP OF DWELLINGS. South Australia (at 14.7%) had the highest proportion of state or territory production attributed to MANUFACTURING, closely followed by Victoria (at 14.5%).



AUSTRALIAN PRODUCTION

Of the industries shown in the second of the following tables, MANUFACTURING was ranked fourth last in terms of the average annual growth rate over the past 10 years and second last over the past 25 years, with increases of 2.5% and 1.9% respectively. By comparison, the highest growth rates were recorded by COMMUNICATION SERVICES with annualised rates of 6.7% and 7.0% for the 10 year and 25 year periods.




States and territories by industry

Industry Contribution to Total Factor Income, 2002-03

NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.
Industry
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

Agriculture, forestry and fishing
1.7
3.1
4.2
5.4
2.9
6.1
2.7
0.1
2.9
Mining
2.0
1.7
7.7
2.5
20.2
1.4
23.0
-
5.2
Manufacturing
11.7
14.5
9.9
14.7
9.0
13.7
3.6
1.6
11.7
Electricity, gas and water supply
2.2
2.6
2.3
2.4
2.7
5.4
1.6
3.6
2.5
Construction
6.2
6.0
7.7
7.0
8.1
6.2
7.4
7.7
6.7
Wholesale trade
5.9
6.2
5.6
4.7
4.6
4.1
2.6
2.0
5.5
Retail trade
5.3
5.6
7.0
5.6
5.2
6.4
4.8
4.5
5.7
Accommodation, cafes and restaurants
2.4
1.7
3.0
2.2
1.6
2.7
2.7
2.3
2.2
Transport and storage
4.7
4.4
5.5
4.7
4.7
5.0
4.5
2.3
4.7
Communication services
2.9
3.5
2.8
2.5
2.3
2.5
2.9
2.3
2.9
Finance and insurance
9.7
8.8
5.2
6.4
4.7
6.6
2.9
3.9
7.7
Property and business services
13.6
12.7
9.2
9.1
10.0
5.3
9.0
12.9
11.7
Government administration and defence
3.5
2.6
4.4
3.5
2.3
5.5
7.4
26.1
3.9
Education
4.2
5.1
4.7
5.2
3.7
5.1
4.8
5.7
4.6
Health and community services
5.9
6.5
6.1
8.1
5.8
8.9
6.6
6.1
6.3
Cultural and recreational services
2.1
2.0
1.5
1.8
1.4
1.5
2.4
2.7
1.9
Personal and other services
2.1
2.5
2.9
3.0
2.6
2.5
2.6
3.1
2.5
Ownership of dwellings
11.8
8.6
7.7
9.2
6.4
8.1
5.4
8.3
9.3
General government(a)
2.0
1.8
2.7
2.2
1.7
3.0
3.1
4.7
2.2

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) State details for general government gross operating surplus by industry are not available.
Source: Australian National Accounts: State Accounts 2002-03 (cat. no. 5220.0).


Production volumes

Production Volumes(a)

CHAIN VOLUME MEASURES
AVERAGE ANNUAL CHANGE FROM
2001-02
2002-03
Change from 2001-02 to 2002-03
1992-93 to 2002-03
1977-78 to 2002-03
Industry
$m
$m
%
%
%

Agriculture, forestry and fishing
27,148
20,855
-23.2
0.7
1.4
Mining
34,128
34,325
0.6
3.2
3.9
Manufacturing
79,142
81,833
3.4
2.5
1.9
Electricity, gas and water supply
16,759
16,935
1.1
1.5
2.7
Construction
39,110
45,587
16.6
5.1
3.3
Wholesale trade
37,600
39,311
4.6
4.6
2.9
Retail trade
37,671
39,411
4.6
4.0
3.2
Accommodation, cafes and restaurants
14,658
15,164
3.5
3.8
3.0
Transport and storage
35,191
37,021
5.2
4.4
3.6
Communication services
18,781
19,970
6.3
6.7
7.0
Finance and insurance
53,274
55,671
4.5
4.3
4.5
Property and business services
77,673
79,615
2.5
5.1
5.1
Government administration and defence
29,109
29,709
2.1
2.7
2.6
Education
32,978
33,435
1.4
1.7
2.7
Health and community services
42,608
44,142
3.6
3.9
3.9
Cultural and recreational services
13,017
13,134
0.9
2.8
3.0
Personal and other services
17,157
17,466
1.8
3.5
3.0
Total all industries
606,004
623,584
2.9
3.7
3.3

(a) Reference year for chain volume measures is 2002-03.

Note: The volume estimates contained in this table are derived from quarterly Business Surveys.
Source:
Australian National Accounts: National Income, Expenditure and Product, June Quarter 2004 (cat. no. 5206.0).

CHAPTER 2 2001-02



OVERVIEW

In 2001-02, the Australian manufacturing industry generated sales and service income of $294.5b, and industry value added (IVA) of $81.1b. Wages and salaries paid totalled $42.3b.

SELECTED VARIABLES, 2001-02
Graph: SELECTED VARIABLES, 2001–02




INDUSTRY VALUE ADDED

For 2001-02, FOOD, BEVERAGE AND TOBACCO MANUFACTURING, METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING and MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING were the industry subdivisions with the largest contribution to IVA in the manufacturing industry. In aggregate, these three industry subdivisions accounted for 58% of total IVA in the manufacturing industry.

DISTRIBUTION OF IVA ACROSS INDUSTRIES
Graph: DISTRIBUTION OF IVA ACROSS INDUSTRIES



The contribution of these industry subdivisions to total manufacturing IVA and the most significant industry groups within those subdivisions (as a percentage of total manufacturing IVA) were:
  • FOOD, BEVERAGE AND TOBACCO MANUFACTURING (20.7%), of which the most substantial industry groups of those available for publication were:
      • OTHER FOOD MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 217 at 4.5%)
      • MEAT AND MEAT PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 211 at 3.7%).
  • METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (18.8%), of which the most substantial industry groups were:
      • BASIC NON-FERROUS METAL MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 272 at 6.9%)
      • IRON AND STEEL MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 271 at 3.8%)
      • FABRICATED METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 276 at 3.5%).
  • MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (18.4%), of which the most substantial industry groups were:
      • MOTOR VEHICLE AND PART MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 281 at 5.9%)
      • INDUSTRIAL MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 286 at 4.5%).

Industry groups making a notable contribution to IVA and not included in the subdivisions listed above included:
  • PUBLISHING (ANZSIC Group 242 at 5.6%)
  • PRINTING AND SERVICES TO PRINTING (ANZSIC Group 241 at 4.4%)
  • OTHER CHEMICAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 254 at 4.3%)
  • PAPER AND PAPER PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 233 at 3.1%)
  • BASIC CHEMICAL MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 253 at 3.1%)
  • PLASTIC PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 256 at 3.0%).


WAGES AND SALARIES

The Australian manufacturing industry paid $42,331m in wages and salaries in 2001-02. This represented 14.4% of sales and service income and 52.2% of industry value added for the year. (Readers should note that wages and salaries data exclude the drawings of working proprietors.)


The largest manufacturing industries in terms of wages and salaries paid in 2001-02 were:

  • MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (22.2% of total wages and salaries paid)
  • FOOD, BEVERAGE AND TOBACCO MANUFACTURING (18.8%)
  • METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (16.3%).

These were also the same top-ranked industries for industry value added and sales and service income, but the rank orders differ in each case.



STATE/TERRITORY COMPARISON

A comparison of state and territory performance for sales and service income and industry value added follows.


Sales and service income

The highest contribution to Australian sales and service income for 2001-02 was made by New South Wales manufacturers. New South Wales contributed $92,752m (31.5%) to Australian sales and service income, followed by Victoria with $88,663m (30.1%) and Queensland with $49,107m (16.7%).


Industry value added

New South Wales (at 31.5%) has marginally exceeded Victoria (at 31.4%) as the major contributor to TOTAL MANUFACTURING IVA for Australia in 2001-02. The contribution of the other states and territories in 2001-02 was: Queensland (16.2%), Western Australia (9.0%), South Australia (8.4%), Tasmania (2.3%), Northern Territory (0.8%) and Australian Capital Territory (0.4%).


The industry subdivision for which IVA was most heavily concentrated in a state or territory was TEXTILE, CLOTHING, FOOTWEAR AND LEATHER MANUFACTURING in Victoria (at 47.3% of total IVA for that industry). This was followed by PRINTING, PUBLISHING AND RECORDED MEDIA in New South Wales (at 40.9%) and, for Victoria, both PETROLEUM, COAL, CHEMICAL AND ASSOCIATED PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (at 36.9%) and MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (at 36.3%).


In some cases, the extent to which an industry subdivision is concentrated in a state or territory significantly outweighs that state or territory's share of total Australian manufacturing industry value added. The most notable example is WOOD AND PAPER PRODUCT MANUFACTURING in Tasmania. These manufacturers contributed 9.1% of IVA for this industry in Australia, compared to the total Tasmanian contribution to Australian manufacturing IVA of 2.3%. This was followed by METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING in Western Australia (15.0% compared to 9.0%), MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING in South Australia (13.5% compared to 8.4%) and METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING in Queensland (26.1% compared to 16.2%).



EXPORTS

In 2001-02, Australian manufacturers directly exported $46,615m of the goods that they produced. This represented 20.1% of their value of sales of goods produced for 2001-02.


The industry subdivisions with the highest proportion of exports compared to sales of goods produced were METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (at 35.3%), MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (at 22.8%), FOOD, BEVERAGE AND TOBACCO MANUFACTURING (at 22.6%), and TEXTILE, CLOTHING, FOOTWEAR AND LEATHER MANUFACTURING (at 21.3%).



CHAPTER 3 2002-03



OVERVIEW

Sales and service income for the year 2002-03 by Australian manufacturers was $309.3b, which resulted in an industry value added (IVA) for the year of $88.7b. In current price terms, this represents a 5.0% increase in sales and service income from the $294.5b recorded for 2001-02 and an increase of 9.3% in IVA. Manufacturers paid $45.9b in wages and salaries in 2002-03, an 8.4% increase on the year before.

SELECTED VARIABLES, 2001-02 and 2002-03
Graph: SELECTED VARIABLES, 2001–02 and 2002–03




INDUSTRY VALUE ADDED

IVA increased in current price terms for all nine industry subdivisions between 2001-02 and 2002-03. The largest percentage increase was recorded by NON-METALLIC MINERAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (up 17.9%), followed by PETROLEUM, COAL, CHEMICAL AND ASSOCIATED PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (up 15.2%) and WOOD AND PAPER PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (up 13.9%). Other significant percentage increases were recorded by MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (up 12.1%) and PRINTING, PUBLISHING AND RECORDED MEDIA (up 8.1%).

DISTRIBUTION OF IVA ACROSS INDUSTRIES, 2001-02 AND 2002-03
Graph: DISTRIBUTION OF IVA ACROSS INDUSTRIES, 2001–02 AND 2002–03



The smallest percentage increase was recorded by FOOD, BEVERAGE AND TOBACCO MANUFACTURING (up 4.6%). The largest absolute increases were recorded by MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (up $1,800m) and PETROLEUM, COAL, CHEMICAL AND ASSOCIATED PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (up $1,487m).



CURRENT YEAR ANALYSIS

For 2002-03, FOOD, BEVERAGE AND TOBACCO MANUFACTURING, MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING and METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING were again the industry subdivisions with the largest contribution to IVA in the manufacturing industry. Over recent years, the contributions of MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING and METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING have been very similar in both absolute and relative terms, although in 2002-03, the former industry subdivision has again slightly exceeded the latter. In aggregate, these three industry subdivisions accounted for 57% of total IVA in the manufacturing industry, a slight decrease on the year before.


The contribution of these industry subdivisions to total manufacturing IVA and the most notable industry groups within those subdivisions (as a percentage of total manufacturing IVA) were:

  • FOOD, BEVERAGE AND TOBACCO MANUFACTURING (19.8%), of which (of those available for publication) the industry groups OTHER FOOD MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 217 at 4.4%) and MEAT AND MEAT PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 211 at 3.9%) were the most substantial.
  • MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (18.8%), of which the industry groups MOTOR VEHICLE AND PART MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 281 at 5.7%) and INDUSTRIAL MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 286 at 4.5%) were the most substantial.
  • METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (18.2%), of which the industry groups BASIC NON-FERROUS METAL MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 272 at 5.5%), IRON AND STEEL MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 271 at 4.1%) and FABRICATED METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 276 at 4.0%) were the most substantial.

Industry groups making a notable contribution to IVA and not included in the subdivisions listed above included PUBLISHING (ANZSIC Group 242 at 5.3%), PRINTING AND SERVICES TO PRINTING (ANZSIC Group 241 at 4.5%), OTHER CHEMICAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 254 at 4.2%), PAPER AND PAPER PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 233 at 3.2%) and PLASTIC PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 256 at 3.1%).



WAGES AND SALARIES

The Australian manufacturing industry paid $45,887m in wages and salaries in 2002-03. (Readers should note that the wages and salaries figure excludes the drawings of working proprietors.)


Total wages and salaries paid rose, in current price terms, in all nine manufacturing industry subdivisions between 2001-02 and 2002-03.


The industry subdivisions to record the largest percentage increases in wages and salaries were:

  • MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (up 13.1% to $10,612m), of which all six industry groups recorded an increase, with the largest being:
      • ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 284) (up 20.7% to $1,115m)
      • OTHER TRANSPORT EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 282) (up 18.4% to $1,536m)
      • MOTOR VEHICLE AND PART MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 281) (up 15.0% to $3,252m).
  • NON-METALLIC MINERAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (up 12.4% to $2,033m), of which all four industry groups recorded an increase with the largest being:
      • NON-METALLIC MINERAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING N.E.C. (ANZSIC Group 264) (up 38.9% to $326m)
      • CEMENT, LIME, PLASTER AND CONCRETE PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 263) (up 9.4% to $1,036m).
  • METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (up 11.9% to $7,734m), of which all six industry groups recorded an increase, with the largest being:
      • FABRICATED METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 276) (up 23.8% to $2,063m)
      • NON-FERROUS BASIC METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 273) (up 21.1% to $337m).

The industry groups available for publication which had the highest wages and salaries to sales and service income ratios in 2002-03 were RECORDED MEDIA MANUFACTURING AND PUBLISHING (ANZSIC Group 243) where sales and service income 'covered' wages and salaries 3.9 times, followed by BAKERY PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 216) (4.2 times). The industry groups with the lowest ratios were PETROLEUM REFINING (ANZSIC Group 251) (38.1 times), BASIC NON-FERROUS METAL MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 272) (14.2 times) and OIL AND FAT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 214) (11.1 times).



SALES AND SERVICE INCOME

Sales and service income rose by $14,740m to $309,283m for 2002-03. This represents a 5.0% increase in current price terms on the $294,543m recorded for 2001-02.


All nine manufacturing industry subdivisions recorded an increase in sales and service income in current price terms between 2001-02 and 2002-03. FOOD, BEVERAGE AND TOBACCO MANUFACTURING remained the largest contributor to total manufacturing sales and service income, while NON-METALLIC MINERAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING recorded the largest percentage increase (up 12.4%) with PETROLEUM, COAL, CHEMICAL AND ASSOCIATED PRODUCT MANUFACTURING increasing the most in dollar terms (up $2,774m) closely followed by METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (up $2,761m).


The industry group to record the largest percentage increase in sales and service income between 2001-02 and 2002-03 was NON-METALLIC MINERAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING N.E.C. (ANZSIC Group 264) (up 23.8% or $284m), while PREFABRICATED BUILDING MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 291) (up 21.2% or $218m) recorded the second largest percentage increase.


Other industry groups with large percentage increases between 2001-02 and 2002-03 were:

  • FABRICATED METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 276) (up 21.1% or $1,584m)
  • OIL AND FAT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 214) (up 18.7% or $289m)
  • PETROLEUM AND COAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING N.E.C. (ANZSIC Group 252) (up 18.6% or $89m).

Other industry groups with large dollar increases between 2001-02 and 2002-03 were:
  • FABRICATED METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 276) (up $1,584m or 21.1%)
  • PETROLEUM REFINING (ANZSIC Group 251) (up $1,579m or 9.9%)
  • IRON AND STEEL MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 271) (up $1,234m or 9.9%).

The industry groups with the largest percentage decreases between 2001-02 and 2002-03 were:
  • KNITTING MILLS (ANZSIC Group 223) (down 22.9% or $131m)
  • TEXTILE FIBRE, YARN AND WOVEN FABRIC MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 221) (down 7.4% or $138m).

The industry groups with the largest dollar decreases between 2001-02 and 2002-03 were:
  • BASIC NON-FERROUS METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 272) (down $553m or 2.8%)
  • MEAT AND MEAT PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 211) (down $362m or 2.3%)
  • DAIRY PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (ANZSIC Group 212) (down $193m or 2.1%).


STATE/TERRITORY COMPARISON

A comparison of state and territory performance for sales and service income and industry value added follows.


Sales and service income

The highest contribution to Australian sales and service income for 2002-03 was by New South Wales manufacturers. New South Wales contributed $99,108m (32.0%) to Australian sales and service income, followed by Victoria with $92,701m (30.0%) and Queensland with $50,310m (16.3%).


Industry value added

New South Wales (at 32.5%) continued to exceed Victoria (at 30.7%) as the major contributor to total manufacturing IVA for Australia in 2002-03. The contribution of the other states and territories in 2002-03 was: Queensland (15.9%), South Australia (8.8%), Western Australia (8.6%), Tasmania (2.3%), Northern Territory (0.8%) and Australian Capital Territory (0.4%). Compared to 2001-02, South Australia and Western Australia have swapped their rank order.


The industry subdivision for which IVA was most heavily concentrated in a state or territory was TEXTILE, CLOTHING, FOOTWEAR AND LEATHER MANUFACTURING in Victoria (at 48.8%). This was followed by PRINTING, PUBLISHING AND RECORDED MEDIA in New South Wales (at 42.7%), and, for Victoria, both PETROLEUM, COAL, CHEMICAL AND ASSOCIATED PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (at 37.2%) and MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (at 35.3%).


Of the six states, METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING was the major manufacturing industry, as measured by share of industry value added, in two (Queensland and Western Australia) and MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING in two others (Victoria and South Australia). FOOD, BEVERAGE AND TOBACCO MANUFACTURING dominated in New South Wales, as did WOOD AND PAPER PRODUCT MANUFACTURING in Tasmania. PRINTING, PUBLISHING AND RECORDED MEDIA dominated in the Australian Capital Territory.



EXPORTS

For 2002-03, Australian manufacturers directly exported $45,224m of the goods that they produced. This represented 18.5% of their value of sales of goods produced for 2002-03.


The industry subdivisions with the highest proportion of exports compared to sales of goods produced were METAL PRODUCT MANUFACTURING (at 34.4%), FOOD, BEVERAGE AND TOBACCO MANUFACTURING (at 20.4%), MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (at 19.9%) and TEXTILE, CLOTHING, FOOTWEAR AND LEATHER MANUFACTURING (at 17.5%).


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