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18/07/2008 Note: The Data Cube VACP by Commodity Data Item and Totals 2005-06 has been reissued to correct an error in the unit of measurement of whole milk.
In 2005-06, the final estimate of the gross value of all crops was $20.8 billion. The highest contributors were wheat for grain ($5.1 billion), hay ($1.5 billion) barley and grapes (each worth $1.4 billion) and sugar cane ($1.0 billion). The combined value of nurseries, cut flowers and cultivated turf production was $1.4 billion in 2005-06 as average prices increased significantly.
Average prices increased moderately for wheat (up by 3%) and hay (up by 4%) in 2005-06. The average price of sugar cane increased by 7% and sorghum's average price rose by 6%, while the average prices of oats and canola increased by 10% and 2% respectively.
However the average price of rice and barley fell significantly (down 12% and 6% respectively) while the average cotton price fell by 1% over the same period. The average prices of field peas and lupins each fell by 5%.
The value of grape production decreased by 9% to $1.4 billion as production fell by 2% and the average price declined by 7% due to an excess supply of wine grapes.The value of Australian banana production in 2005-06 was $431 million as the average price increased to nearly $2,300/tonne due to the effects of Cyclone Larry in Queensland. Production of apples fell by 15% and average prices decreased by 20%, resulting in a 32% decrease in value to $360 million in 2005-06.
The average price of most staple vegetables rose significantly during 2005-06 with tomatoes up by 52%, mushrooms (up by 11%) and potatoes increasing by 10%. Other vegetables to report improved prices included capsicum, chillies and peppers (up 65%) carrots (up 13%), lettuce (up 15%), and onions (up 17%).
The value of the Nursery group of commodities (defined as nurseries production, cut flowers and cultivated turf and included as part of 'All other crops' in this publication) increased significantly in 2005-06. This reflected an increase in production and an improved valuation of undercover production for nurseries and cut flowers.
Livestock slaughterings and other disposals
In 2005-06, the final estimate of the gross value of livestock slaughterings and other disposals was $12.0 billion, a fall of less than 1% from the previous year.
The total number of cattle disposals in 2005-06 fell by 5%. Average prices rose by 3%, which was not enough to offset the fall in cattle numbers and, as a result, the value of cattle and calves slaughterings and other disposals fell by 2% to $7.7 billion.
The gross total value of sheep and lambs slaughterings and other disposals rose by $163m to $2.1 billion in 2005-06. The total number of sheep and lamb disposals increased by 9% but average prices remained unchanged to result in a net 8% increase in value.
The value of domestic slaughterings of sheep and lambs increased by 4% to $1.8 billion, with the 6% rise in the number slaughtered slightly offset by a small decrease in average prices (down 1%).
Similarly, the value of Australian live sheep and lambs exported in 2005-06 increased by 41% to $298 million, as the number exported rose by 31% and average prices increased by 7%.
In 2005-06 the gross total value of pigs slaughterings and other disposals fell by 2% to $890 million, with the number of total disposals remaining steady and average prices decreasing by 2%.
The gross value of total poultry disposals fell by 6% to $1.2 billion as production increased marginally (by less than 1%) and prices fell by 6% in 2005-06.
The final estimate of the gross value of livestock products in 2005-06 was $5.8 billion, up 1% on the previous year.
The value of total wool production fell by $112m (down 5%) to $2.1 billion as the average price fell by 7% and production increased by 2%. Production of shorn wool rose slightly (up by 1%) whilst the production of skin wool increased by 7% as more sheep and lambs were slaughtered in 2005-06.
The gross value of whole milk increased by $148m (or 5%) to $3.3 billion in 2005-06. Production fell marginally (by less than 1%) due to residual drought conditions, but average prices increased by 5%.
Production of eggs was collected in the 2005-06 Agricultural Census and consequently the figures are not comparable with previous years. The gross value of Australian egg production in 2005-06 was $376 million. Average egg prices decreased by 7% over the same period.
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