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8649.0 - Libraries and Museums, Australia, 1996-97  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 14/08/1998   
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ABOUT THIS PUBLICATION
This publication presents results, in respect of the 1996-97 financial year, from the first survey of libraries and museums conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). The publication is one of a series to be issued in respect of 1996-97 covering cultural industries, which were partially funded by the Cultural Ministers' Council. Other publications in this series are:

  • Motion Picture Exhibition, Australia, 1996-97 (cat. no. 8654.0);
  • Film and Video Production and Distribution, Australia, 1996-97 (cat. no. 8679.0);
  • Radio and Television Services, Australia, 1996-97 (cat. no. 8680.0);
  • Zoos, Parks and Gardens, Australia, 1996-97 (cat. no. 8699.0);
  • Performing Arts Industry, Australia, 1996-97 (cat. no. 8697.0);
  • Commercial Art Galleries, Australia, 1996-97 (cat. no. 8651.0); and
  • Sound Recording Studios, Australia, 1996-97 (cat. no. 8555.0).

The ABS welcomes comments and suggestions from users recommending industries and data items for inclusion in future service industries surveys. These comments should be addressed to:

The Director, Service Industries Surveys, PO Box 10, Belconnen, ACT, 2616.

1. LIBRARIES

INTRODUCTION
Libraries are defined in the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industry Classification (ANZSIC) as businesses and organisations whose main activity is the acquisition, collection, organisation, conservation and loan of library materials such as books, magazines, manuscripts, musical scores, maps or prints. Archival services activities are also included.

In addition, the library activities of local government authorities were included in the survey, even though local government authorities are defined to another class in ANZSIC. However, libraries with restricted access such as those operated by educational institutions (universities and schools) and libraries operated by businesses and organisations for internal reference purposes were excluded from this survey.

In summary, the types of organisations included in this survey were grouped as follows:

  • Public libraries
  • National and State libraries
  • Local government authority libraries
  • Regional libraries
  • National and State archives
  • Toy, film, music, genealogy and other libraries.


SUMMARY INFORMATION
There were 564 organisations providing library or archive services at the end of June 1997. These 564 organisations operated from 1,468 locations. The great majority (93%) of these organisations were public libraries, which operated from 1,427 locations at the end of June 1997.

Organisations providing library or archival services employed 11,877 persons, consisting of 6,969 (59%) persons working on a full-time basis and 4,908 on a part-time basis. Total income of these organisations in 1996-97 was $667 million, of which $597 million (90%) was from government funding. The major expense item was wages and salaries of $327 million which represented 52% of the total expenses of $631 million. The industry gross product (IGP) of libraries in 1996-97 was $406 million.


1.1 LIBRARIES, By Type
Type of organisation
Organisations
Locations
no.
no.
Public libraries
National and State libraries
8
17
Local government authority libraries
492
1231
Regional libraries
27
179
Total
527
1427
National and State archives
9
11
Toy, film, music, genealogy and other libraries
28
30
Total
564
1468
1.2 KEY AGGREGATES, Libraries
Public libraries
Archival service
organisations
Other libraries
Total
Organisations at end June 1997 (no.)
527
9
28
564
Locations at end June 1997 (no.)
1427
11
30
1468
Employment at end June 1997
Full-time (no.)
5940
763
266
6969
Part-time (no.)
4722
122
64
4908
Total (no.)
10662
885
330
11877
Income
Government funding ($m)
506.9
73.5
16.2
596.7
Income from services to clients ($m)
28.0
6.6
9.5
44.1
Other income ($m)
23.5
0.4
1.9
25.8
Total ($m)
558.4
80.6
27.7
666.6
Expenses
Wages and salaries ($m)
282.6
32.2
12.0
326.8
Other expenses ($m)
246.5
44.6
12.6
303.7
Total ($m)
529.1
76.8
24.6
630.5
Industry gross product ($m)
343.3
42.8
20.4
406.4
2. MUSEUMS

INTRODUCTION
Museums are defined in the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industry Classification (ANZSIC) as businesses and organisations whose main activity is the operation of art museums, museums and historic houses. In addition, museum activities of local government authorities, where their operations had paid staff, were included in the survey, even though local government authorities are defined to another class in ANZSIC.

There are many smaller museums operated by local historical societies and other not-for-profit organisations which are run by volunteers and do not employ any staff. These non-employing museums were not included in this survey. However, the ABS intends to conduct a survey of non-employing museums in respect of 1997-98.


SUMMARY INFORMATION
There were 224 employing organisations providing museum services at the end of June 1997. These organisations operated from 352 locations.

Organisations providing museum services employed 5,636 persons at the end of June 1997 and a further 8,443 persons worked on a voluntary basis in June 1997. Total income for these organisations was $425 million, of which $271 million (64%) was from government funding. The major expense item was labour costs of $181 million which represented 45% of total expenses. The industry gross product of museums in 1996-–97 was $199 million.

In 1996-97, there were almost 17 million admissions to museum locations, 51% of which were paid admissions.


2.1 MUSEUMS, By Type
Type of organisation
Organisations
Locations
no.
no.

Art museums
32
32
Museums
102
111
Local government authority museums and art museums
69
92
Historic houses
21
117
Total
224
352

2.2 KEY AGGREGATES, Museums
Private, National and State
Art museums
Private, National and State
Museums
Local government authority museums/art museumsHistoric housesTotal

Organisations at end June 1997 (no.)
32
102
69
21
224
Locations at end June 1997 (no.)
32
111
92
117
352
Admissions
Paid admissions ('000)
1599.1
5324.6
398.0
1160.8
8482.5
Free admissions ('000)
3162.4
3351.2
1598.7
191.9
8304.3
Total ('000)
4761.6
8675.8
1996.6
1352.7
16786.8
Employment at end June 1997
Full-time (no.)
941
2203
176
347
3666
Part-time (no.)
289
1038
268
375
1969
Total (no.)
1230
3240
444
722
5636
Volunteers for the month of June 1997 (no.)
1654
4300
1745
744
8443
Income
Government funding ($m)
80.7
157.5
18.4
14.0
270.6
Admissions income ($m)
9.1
22.8
1.0
8.2
41.0
Other income ($m)
40.5
54.3
2.7
16.1
113.5
Total ($m)
130.3
234.6
22.0
38.3
425.2
Expenses
Labour costs ($m)
48.3
106.6
9.7
16.2
180.8
Other expenses ($m)
61.1
128.8
9.5
21.5
221.0
Total ($m)
109.4
235.3
19.2
37.8
401.7
Industry gross product ($m)
50.4
123.5
9.7
15.5
199.1


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