Australian Bureau of Statistics
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2007
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/01/2007
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SELECTED SERVICE INDUSTRIES
Graph 20.4 shows annual growth rates for total retail turnover (in volume terms) from 1995-96 to 2005-06. During this period the four years with the strongest annual growth were 2003-04 (8%), 1999-2000 and 2001-02 (6%) and 2002-03 (5%). The three years of weakest growth occurred in 1996-97 and 2000-01 (1%) and 2005-06 (2%). Growth in 2000-01 was affected by the unusual increase in the volume of goods sold in the June quarter 2000 prior to the introduction of The New Tax System on 1 July 2000.
In 2004-05 retail trade industry GVA (in current prices) was $53,946 million (m) or 6.1% of GDP.
The Wholesale trade industry covers those businesses involved in the sale of new or used goods to businesses or to institutional (including government) users. Graph 20.5 shows annual volume measures of total wholesale trade sales.
An important element of the tourism and hospitality sector, the Clubs industry covers organisations mainly engaged in the provision of hospitality services to members.
At the end of June 2005, there were 2,116 hospitality clubs operating in Australia (table 20.6). They comprised 1,816 clubs with gambling facilities and 300 clubs without gambling facilities. These organisations employed 63,734 people at 30 June 2005.
The total income of hospitality clubs in Australia in 2004-05 was $7,375m, with gambling the main source of income ($4,305m or 58% of total industry income). In 2004-05, hospitality clubs incurred total expenses of $6,764m, with labour costs being the most significant ($2,122m or 31% of total expenses). The total industry value added by these organisations was $4,086m, which is the equivalent of 0.5% of Australia's GDP for 2004–05.
Income grew by an average 5.1% per year between the 2000-01 and 2004-05 financial years, while expenditure grew at the rate of 4.5% per year for the same period. Operating profit before tax grew at an average annual rate of 13% per year (from $372m in 2000-01 to $613m in 2004-05).
PUBS, TAVERNS AND BARS
The Pubs, taverns and bars industry covers businesses which mainly sell alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises.
There were 3,454 businesses in the Pubs, taverns and bars industry at 30 June 2005 (table 20.6). These organisations employed 81,675 persons at 30 June 2005.
Total income for the industry in 2004-05 was $11,114m. The major sources of income were from the sale of liquor and other beverages ($6,706m or 60% of total income), and gambling income, which accounted for 24% of all income ($2,703m).
Total expenses of businesses in the industry were $10,370m during 2004–05, with the main items of expenditure being purchases of liquor and other beverages of $3,807m, followed by labour costs of $2,268m and gambling taxes and levies of $941m. The total industry value added by these businesses was $4,394m, which is the equivalent of 0.5% of Australia's GDP for 2004–05.
Income grew by an average 5.8% per year between 2000-01 and 2004-05, while expenditure grew at the rate of 6% per year over the same period. Operating profit before tax grew at an average annual rate of 2.3% per year (from $715m in 2000-01 to $784m in 2004-05).
SPORTS AND PHYSICAL RECREATION SERVICES
The ABS conducted a survey of businesses and organisations mainly engaged in sports and physical recreation services in 2004–05.
At the end of June 2005, there were 9,256 businesses/organisations operating in Australia whose main activity was the provision of sports and physical recreation services (table 20.7). This included 600 government organisations. 'For profit' businesses accounted for 54% of the total businesses/organisations, while 'not for profit' and government organisations accounted for 39% and 6.5% respectively. Non-employing businesses/organisations comprised 12% of the total.
At the end of June 2005, total employment in sports and physical recreation services was 111,519 people. In addition, there were 181,832 volunteers during the month of June 2005. The 600 government organisations employed 11, 051 persons.
During 2004–05, income generated by businesses/organisations engaged in sports and physical recreation services was $8,821m. The highest single income items were government funding ($1,564m or 18% of total income), sports membership and competition fees ($1,306m or 15% of total income) and sponsorship and fundraising ($806m or 9.1% of total income). Government organisations received $1,478m in income for the provision of sports and physical recreation services. The majority of this income ($1,176m or 80%) was received as operational and capital funding from government or as council reimbursements.
Total expenses incurred for the same period were $8,417m. Overall, labour costs were the highest single item contributing to total expenses, accounting for 29% ($2,465m) of total expenses, followed by grants, distributions and affiliation fees ($873m or 10%) and prize money and trophies ($582m or 6.9%). The total industry value added by sports and physical recreation services was $2,350m, which is the equivalent of 0.3% of Australia's GDP for 2004–05.
In 2004–05, sports and physical recreation services recorded an operating profit/surplus before tax of $389m and an operating profit margin of 6.9%.
Table 20.8 shows selected indicators for Gambling services industries. ‘Other gambling services’ includes businesses involved in the provision of gambling services such as book making and totalisator services, and gambling via the Internet.
There were 806 businesses in the Gambling services industries at 30 June 2005 (table 20.8). These organisations employed 30,094 people at 30 June 2005.
Total income (net of pay-outs to players) for the industry in 2004-05 was $10,569.8m. Income for casinos was $3,348.4m (32% of total income), while income for lotteries was $1,854.4m (18% of total income). Total net takings from gambling was $9,275.5m, of which casinos accounted for $2,582.2m and lotteries $1,690.2m.
In 2004–05, lotteries recorded an operating profit before tax of $1,680.8m and an operating profit margin of 16.2%.
This page last updated 16 January 2008
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