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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 1994  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/05/1994   
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LABOUR FORCE

Participation rate of persons aged 15 years and over

Reference year
Economically active population(a)
Total
Males
Females(b)
Country
'000
%
%
%

Australia
1992
8,627
63.0
74.4
51.9
Canada
1992
13,797
65.5
73.8
57.6
China
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
France
1991
25,330
54.8
63.6
46.6
Greece
1988
3,953
49.2
64.0
35.3
Hong Kong
1992
2,793
62.3
78.0
46.2
Indonesia
1989
72,781
66.1
81.0
51.7
Italy
1991
24,245
42.5
54.9
30.7
Japan
1992
65,780
64.0
78.0
50.7
Korea (Republic of)
1992
19,383
60.9
75.3
47.3
Malaysia
1990
6,685
59.6
77.1
42.2
New Zealand
1992
1,635
63.3
73.1
54.0
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
1992
1,620
65.3
79.9
51.3
Sweden
1992
4,464
82.0
84.0
80.0
United Kingdom
1991
28,768
61.7
72.5
51.7
United States of America
1992
126,982
63.8
72.2
56.0
Viet Nam
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

(a) For most countries the economically active populations are aged 15 years and over. However, the age range varies for some countries: Greece and Italy - 14 years and over; UK and USA - 16 years and over; Malaysia - 15-64 years; Sweden - 16-64 years. Definitions also vary in terms of the inclusion or exclusion of certain other segments of the population such as the armed forces.

(b) Activity rates for females are frequently not comparable internationally since, in many countries, relatively large numbers of women assist on farms or in other family enterprises without pay. There are differences between countries in the criteria for determining the extent to which such workers are counted as economically active.

Source: International Labour Office (1992 & 1993) Year Book of Labour Statistics

EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT

Reference year
Employment
Reference year
Unemployment
Unemployment rate
Country
'000
'000
%

Australia
1992
7,694
1992
933
10.8
Canada
1992
12,240
1992
1,556
11.3
China
1992
594,320
1992
3,603
2.3(b)
France
1992
22,332
1992
2,552
10.2
Greece
1991
3,632
1991
301
7.7
Hong Kong
1992
2,738
1992
55
2.0
Indonesia
1992
78 104
1991
1 042
n.a.
Italy
1991
21,595
1992
2 799
11.5
Japan
1992
64,360
1992
1,420
2.2
Korea (Republic of)
1992
18,921
1992
464
2.4
Malaysia
1990
6,685
1987
79
n.a.
New Zealand
1992
1,467
1992
169
10.3
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
1992
1,576
1992
43
2.7
Sweden
1992
4,250
1992
214
4.8
United Kingdom
1992
25,463
1992
2,732
9.6
United States of America
1992
117,598
1992
9,384
7.3
Viet Nam
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.





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