4156.0 - Sport and Recreation: A Statistical Overview, Australia , 2003  
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Contents >> Chapter 12.1 Gambling - Introduction >> Chapter 12.2 Gambling - Service Industries Survey 2000-01

GAMBLING


SERVICE INDUSTRIES SURVEY 2000-01

At the end of June 2001 there were 6,012 businesses which had some involvement in gambling activity but only 18.2% (1,092) of these were part of the gambling industry. Most businesses involved in gambling activity were either Hospitality clubs or Pubs, taverns and bars. Between them these two categories accounted for 75.1% (4,518) of businesses involved in gambling activity.

12.1 BUSINESSES WITH GAMBLING ACTIVITY(a), By industry - 2000-01

Businesses at end June
no.

Pubs, taverns and bars
2 566
Hospitality clubs
1 952
Thoroughbred, harness and greyhound racing clubs
28
Other sporting clubs and venues
279
Casinos
13
Other gambling services
1 079
Accommodation
95
Total
6 012

(a) Excluding lottery agencies.
Source: Gambling Industries, Australia, 2000-01 (cat. no. 8684.0).


The total net takings from all gambling during 2000-01 were $13,838.6m, or $944 per head of adult population.


Poker machines contributed 63.2% ($8,752.4m) of total net takings. There were 185,512 poker machines in operation at the end of June 2001 of which 10,853 (5.9%) were in casinos. Casinos had an 11.7% ($1,020.5m) share of net poker machine takings. Most of the net takings from poker machines came from machines located in Clubs ($4,411.3m or 50.4%) and Pubs, taverns and bars ($3,279.6m or 37.5%).

12.2 GAMBLING ACTIVITY, Net takings from gambling - by type of gambling and venue - 2000-01

Net takings
$m

Poker/gaming machines in
Pubs, taverns and bars
3 279.6
Clubs
4 411.3
Casinos
1 020.5
Accommodation businesses
41.0
Total
8 752.4
On-course totalisator
102.9
Off-course TAB
1 691.5
Thoroughbred, harness and greyhound betting bookmakers
43.7
Lotteries and lotto style games(a)
1 726.1
Casino games(b)
1 482.9
Other gambling(c)
39.0
Total
13 838.6

(a) Includes non-casino keno.
(b) Includes casino keno.
(c) Includes bookmakers' takings other than on thoroughbred, harness and greyhound betting, and casino games via the Internet.
Source: Gambling Industries, Australia, 2000-01 (cat. no. 8684.0).


The total income of the gambling industries (net of payouts to players) for 2000-01 was $9,543.0m. Casinos contributed $3,136.8m (32.9%) of this, while $6406.3m (67.1%) was generated by Other gambling services. The total operating profit before tax of the gambling industries was $1,357.7m, of which $536.8m came from Casinos and $820.9m from Other gambling services.


Income from gambling made up 96.0% ($6,149.3m) of the total income of Other gambling services, but only 79.9% ($2,505.3m) of the total income of Casinos. This reflects their greater diversity of income sources (e.g. the bars and restaurants within a casino).


For Casinos, labour costs made up 32.4% ($841.8m) of total expenses ($2,598.7m) whereas, for Other gambling services, labour costs of $311.7m were only 5.6% of total expenses ($5,580.4m).


At the end of June 2001, there were 32,591 persons employed by the gambling industries (including the 3,073 working in TAB agencies). Casinos employed 20,413 persons of which 56.2% (11,462) were male. Excluding TAB agencies, Other gambling services employed 9,105 persons of which 63.9% (5,814) were female.

12.3 GAMBLING INDUSTRIES - 2000-01

Casinos
Other gambling services(a)
Total

Businesses at end June no.
13
1 079
1 092
Employment at end June(b)(c)
Males no.
11 462
3 291
14 753
Females no.
8 951
5 814
14 765
Total no.
20 413
9 105
29 518
Income
Net takings from gambling $m
2 503.5
6 050.6
8 554.1
Commissions from gambling $m
1.8
98.7
100.5
Other income $m
631.5
257.0
888.4
Total $m
3 136.8
6 406.3
9 543.0
Expenses
Labour costs
Wages and salaries $m
732.5
274.4
1 006.9
Other labour costs $m
109.3
37.3
146.6
Total $m
841.8
311.7
1 153.5
Gambling and gaming taxes and levies $m
502.8
2 514.2
3 017.0
Other expenses $m
1 254.1
2 754.5
4 008.6
Total $m
2 598.7
5 580.4
8 179.1
Operating profit before tax $m
536.8
820.9
1 357.7

(a) Includes TAB agencies.
(b) Includes working proprietors and partners.
(c) Excludes 3,073 persons working in TAB agencies.
Source: Gambling Industries, Australia, 2000-01 (cat. no. 8684.0).


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