In Australia, free-to air television and radio broadcasting is provided by commercial organisations, a number of community groups and the Australian Government. Subscriber or Pay TV is also an option for most Australians.
The ABS has conducted several surveys relating to various aspects of broadcasting over the years. The most recent is the 2002-03 Census of Television Services, which surveyed all 27 commercial free-to-air and six subscription television broadcasting businesses operating in Australia in 2002-03.
Businesses owned and controlled by the public and mainly engaged in community broadcasting were excluded.
The most recent ABS Survey of Radio broadcasters, conducted in 1996-97, found that there were 103 commercial radio broadcasters and two public broadcasters (those operating on a not-for-profit basis and receiving the majority of their income from government funding) in Australia in June 1997.
In addition, there were 121 community radio broadcasters (non-government, non-profit, organisations operating for the local community, special interest groups, etc.) and 37 other private broadcasters.