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4156.0 - Sport and Recreation: A Statistical Overview, Australia , 2006 Edition 2  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 10/11/2006   
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Contents >> Chapter 10.1 Industries - Introduction >> Chapter 10.2 Industries - Service Industries Survey 2000-01

INDUSTRIES


SERVICE INDUSTRIES SURVEY 2000-01

The 2000-01 Service Industries Survey used the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industry Classification (ANZSIC) to classify industry and determine the scope of the survey. However, the survey forms included questions which would enable data to be output according to ACLC Industry Classification definitions. For most of the industries included in table 10.1, the data presented covers the full range of their in-scope activities. The exceptions are Other sports and physical recreation venues, grounds and facilities (ACLC Class 322); and Sports and physical recreation support services (ACLC Class 334). Class 322 omits recreational parks, while Class 334 omits services such as horse breeding, sports veterinary services, horse transport, boat ramp operation and marina operation. The services omitted were outside the scope of the ANZSIC classes included in the survey. ACLC Class 333 Outdoor recreation guiding operations fell entirely outside the scope of the survey and hence has no data available.


Because of the large and temporary impact of the Olympic and Paralympic Games, data relating to the activities of the respective organising committees have been excluded from the general tables. Instead this data is summarised in a separate dedicated table (table 10.4).


At the end of June 2001, Sports and physical recreation clubs, teams and sports professionals (ACLC Class 332) was the industry which had the greatest number of organisations (1,937). It also had the most employment (23,312 persons) and the highest level of income ($1,381.8m). However, it was one of two sports industries which recorded an operating loss/deficit for 2000-01, the other being Other sports and physical recreation venues, grounds and facilities.


The industry with the largest operating profit/surplus was Sports and physical recreation administrative organisations (ACLC Class 331) with $45.7m, even though all 755 organisations were not for profit. The next highest profit/surplus levels were recorded by Horse and dog racing (ACLC Class 311) with $30.6m, and Sports and physical recreation support services with $28.0m, the latter deriving its profit from a total income of only $215.2m.


The number of males employed exceeded the number of females for all industries except Health and fitness centres and gymnasia (ACLC Class 321), and Sports and physical recreation support services. Health and fitness centres and gymnasia had the highest level of female employment, both in absolute terms (8,062) and as a percentage of persons employed (64.2%).

10.1 SPORTS AND PHYSICAL RECREATION INDUSTRIES, Summary of operations by industry and profit status - 2000-01

Horse and
dog racing
Health and
fitness
centres and
gymnasia
Other sports
and
physical
recreation
venues,
grounds
and facilities
Sports and
physical
recreation
administrative
organisations
Sports and
physical
recreation
clubs, teams
and sports
professionals
Sports and
physical
recreation
support
services

FOR PROFIT

Businesses/organisations at end June no.
750
620
743
. .
372
1 181
Employment at end June
Males no.
2 260
3 119
6 665
. .
2 701
2 964
Females no.
1 275
6 454
6 132
. .
1 660
4 476
Persons no.
3 536
9 573
12 797
. .
4 360
7 439
Total income $m
188.7
238.2
621.9
. .
290.9
188.7
Total expenses $m
178.2
226.1
627.1
. .
298.2
161.4
Operating profit before tax $m
*10.5
11.9
**-3.3
. .
**-7.5
26.6

NOT FOR PROFIT

Businesses/organisations at end June no.
285
47
119
755
1 565
78
Employment at end June
Males no.
7 381
1 371
1 574
8 443
13 036
177
Females no.
4 984
1 608
1 471
3 370
5 916
412
Persons no.
12 365
2 979
3 045
11 814
18 951
589
Total income $m
947.0
56.1
111.9
1 000.9
1 090.9
26.5
Total expenses $m
929.0
52.0
127.2
954.5
1 088.6
25.1
Operating profit before tax $m
20.1
4.1
*-15.3
45.7
**-5.0
*1.4

TOTAL

Businesses/organisations at end June no.
1 034
667
863
755
1 937
1 259
Employment at end June
Males no.
9 641
4 490
8 239
8 443
15 736
3 141
Females no.
6 259
8 062
7 603
3 370
7 575
4 887
Persons no.
15 900
12 552
15 842
11 814
23 312
8 028
Total income $m
1 135.6
294.3
733.8
1 000.9
1 381.8
215.2
Total expenses $m
1 107.3
278.1
754.3
954.5
1 386.9
186.5
Operating profit before tax $m
30.6
16.0
*-18.6
45.7
**-12.5
28.0

* estimate has a relative standard error of 25% to 50% and should be used with caution
** estimate has a relative standard error greater than 50% and is considered too unreliable for general use
. . not applicable
Source: ABS data available on request, Sports Industries, Australia, 2000-01.


Net distributions from TAB authorities to Horse and dog racing organisations were $555.4m which was 48.9% of their total income for 2000-01 of $1,135.6m. Training fees contributed a further $141.2m (12.4%) to this total.


For Health and fitness centres and gymnasia, the main income source was membership fees of $190.7m. This was 64.8% of the $294.3m total income. A further $54.7m (18.6%) came from casual playing fees.


Casual playing fees were the largest source of income for Other sports and physical recreation venues, grounds and facilities. These fees contributed $295.1m or 40.2% to the total income of $733.8m.


At $77.5m (10.6%), Sales of food and beverages was the next largest income source for Other sports and physical recreation venues, grounds and facilities. This source was the third largest for Horse and dog racing organisations ($73.7m or 6.5%) and Health and fitness centres and gymnasia ($9.9m or 3.4%).


The total expenses of Horse and dog racing organisations for 2000-01 were $1,107.3m. Prizemoney and trophy expenses of $404.2m accounted for the largest share (36.5%) of this figure. Labour costs of $242.2m contributed another 21.9%.


For Health and fitness centres and gymnasia, labour costs were the biggest expense. They contributed $119.8m (43.1%) to total expenses of $278.1m. A further $35.4m (12.7%) was spent on Rent, leasing and hiring expenses.


Labour costs were also the largest expense for Other sports and physical recreation venues, grounds and facilities. At $228.3m, these costs accounted for 30.3% of total expenses.

10.2 HORSE AND DOG RACING, AND SPORTS AND PHYSICAL RECREATION VENUES INDUSTRIES - 2000-01

Horse and dog racing
Health and fitness centres and gymnasia
Other sports and physical recreation venues, grounds and facilities
$m
$m
$m

INCOME

Net distributions from TAB authorities
555.4
. .
. .
Training fees
141.2
. .
. .
Admission charges
26.5
0.6
27.8
Membership fees
20.8
190.7
31.1
Casual playing fees
. .
54.7
295.1
Sales of food and beverages
73.7
9.9
77.5
Rent, leasing and hiring
17.6
5.7
62.2
Other income
300.4
32.7
240.1
Total
1 135.6
294.3
733.8

EXPENSES

Labour costs
Wages and salaries
210.9
107.2
199.3
Other labour costs
31.3
12.6
29.0
Total
242.2
119.8
228.3
Purchases
64.5
13.1
67.7
Prize money and trophy expenses
404.2
. .
. .
Rent, leasing and hiring expenses
20.5
35.4
65.8
Depreciation and amortisation
42.9
9.6
97.0
Other expenses
333.0
100.2
295.5
Total
1 107.3
278.1
754.3

. . not applicable
Source: Sports Industries, 2000-01 (cat. no. 8686.0).


Together, the three main income sources of Sports and physical recreation administrative organisations contributed 50% of their total income. Admission charges ($203.6m); Sponsorship and fundraising ($183.9m); and non-government grants, distributions and affiliation fees ($112.3m) accounted for 20.3%, 18.4% and 11.2% respectively of total income of $1,000.9m.


The three main sources of income for Sports and physical recreation clubs, teams and sports professionals were Membership fees, Sponsorship and fundraising, and Sales of food and beverages. Membership fees of $313.1m contributed 22.7% to total income of $1,381.8m. This was followed by Sponsorship and fundraising income with $252.3m (18.3%) and Sales of food and beverages with $201.4m (14.6%).


Important sources of income for Sports and physical recreation support services were Casual playing fees ($36.0m) and Funding from government ($19.3m). These contributed 16.7% and 9.0% respectively to the total income of $215.2m.


The largest expense item for Sports and physical recreation administrative organisations was $237.4m in Grants, distributions and affiliation fees paid to other organisations. This contributed 24.9% to the total expenses of $954.5m. At $203.0m (21.3%), Labour costs were also a major expense.


The largest expense item for Sports and physical recreation clubs, teams and sports professionals was Labour costs. At $595.1m, these costs contributed 42.9% to total expenses of $1,386.9m. Purchases were the second largest expense item at $150.8m or 10.9%.


Labour costs were also the largest expense item for Sports and physical recreation support services. At $83.2m they accounted for 44.6% of total expenses of $186.5m. Another major expense was Depreciation and amortisation of $16.2m (8.7%).

10.3 SPORTS AND PHYSICAL RECREATION SERVICES INDUSTRIES - 2000-01

Sports and physical
recreation administrative organisations
Sports and physical
recreation clubs,
teams and sports
professionals
Sports and physical
recreation support
services
$m
$m
$m

INCOME

Admission charges
203.6
87.3
0.7
Membership fees
80.5
313.1
11.7
Casual playing fees
-
143.2
36.0
Sales of food and beverages
26.8
201.4
1.8
Rent, leasing and hiring
20.6
26.3
2.8
Sponsorship and fundraising income
183.9
252.3
9.5
Funding from government
74.9
10.9
19.3
Other grants, distributions and affiliation fees(a)
112.3
131.9
1.8
Other income
298.2
215.5
131.6
Total
1 000.9
1 381.8
215.2

EXPENSES

Labour costs
Wages and salaries
171.6
508.8
74.4
Other labour costs
31.4
86.3
8.8
Total
203.0
595.1
83.2
Purchases
52.9
150.8
10.3
Prize money and trophy expenses
29.7
19.1
0.6
Rent, leasing and hiring expenses
35.9
47.3
16.2
Depreciation and amortisation
20.3
82.6
3.9
Grants, distributions and affiliation fees paid to other organisations
237.4
32.9
2.2
Other expenses
375.2
459.2
70.1
Total
954.5
1 386.9
186.5

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) In some instances, income from grants, distribution and affiliation fees may be duplicated as different tiers of affiliated organisations receive this income.
Source: Sports Industries, Australia, 2000-01 (cat. no. 8686.0).


Major income items for the organising committees for the Sydney Olympic and Paralympic Games were:

  • $1,137m from television and broadcasting rights
  • $737m from sponsorship and fundraising
  • $642m from admission charges.

The committees received $110m in funding from government. Their labour costs came to $422m.

10.4 ORGANISING COMMITTEES FOR SYDNEY OLYMPIC AND PARALYMPIC GAMES - 2000-01(a)

Amount
$m

INCOME

Television and broadcasting rights
1 137
Sponsorship and fundraising
737
Admission charges
642
Funding from government
110
Other income
349
Total
2 975

EXPENSES

Labour costs
422
Other expenses
2 553
Total
2 975

(a) Data for the Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games relates to the 18-month period ended December 2000.
Source: Sports Industries, Australia, 2000-01 (cat. no. 8686.0).


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