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8501.0 - Retail Trade, Australia, Feb 2004  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 31/03/2004   
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Contribution of Gambling to Retail Estimates


Introduction

This quarterly appendix presents information about Net proceeds received from licensed gambling activities (hereafter called gambling) undertaken by businesses in the Pubs, taverns and bars and Clubs (hospitality) industries. These industries are called 'Hotels and licensed clubs' in this publication.


Gambling includes:

  • commission from TAB and Keno transactions
  • net takings from Bingo
  • net revenue received from poker machines and other electronic gaming machines1

For further background about the gambling series, please refer to the feature article in the December 2002 issue of this publication.


This appendix will be updated on a quarterly basis and included in the issue of this publication for the second month of each quarter.

1 Each state and territory places some restrictions on the number of gaming machines, whether it be a total cap and/or a cap per hotel or club.


Findings

Graph A1 compares the growth rate in the Australian Retail and Hospitality/Services turnover series (seasonally adjusted), the same series excluding gambling and the gambling series. The graph shows that for most of the period shown Total turnover less gambling had slightly weaker growth than Total Retail turnover, as a result of gambling generally growing more quickly than other retail activity. This was the pattern for the period 1996 to 1998 as well. It can be seen from Table A2 that over the period from March quarter 2002 to December quarter 2003, the Total retail series grew by 13%, Hotels and licensed clubs grew by 15% while gambling grew by 22%. From March quarter 2002 to June quarter 2003 the gambling proportion of turnover for hotels and licensed clubs grew by several percentage points, but has since fallen back somewhat.

Percentage Change in Quarterly Turnover, Seasonally Adjusted
Graph: Percentage Change in Quarterly Turnover, Seasonally Adjusted


Gambling in Retail Trade, Australia—Seasonally adjusted

Gambling
Total Retail
Hotels and licensed clubs
Net proceeds
Turnover
Gambling proportion
Turnover
Gambling proportion
Quarter
$m
$m
%
$m
%

2002
March
1,362.8
41,370.3
3.3
3,819.1
35.7
June
1,464.6
42,292.8
3.5
3,977.3
36.8
September
1,592.4
42,920.3
3.7
4,028.0
39.5
December
1,572.7
43,255.7
3.6
3,977.7
39.5
2003
March
1,620.3
43,660.1
3.7
4,081.0
39.7
June
1,666.1
44,652.1
3.7
4,213.8
39.5
September
1,627.9
45,816.7
3.6
4,177.1
39.0
December
1,663.3
46,883.4
3.5
4,382.6
38.0


From Graph A3 it can be seen that in December quarter 2003, gambling as a proportion of state turnover is highest in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory and lowest in Western Australia and Tasmania. This relationship between the states has been consistent since the data has been analysed and needs to be considered in the context of the varying state restrictions on gaming machines. Table A4 shows that from March quarter 2002 to December quarter 2003, New South Wales had the largest increase in gaming as a percentage of State turnover, Queensland and South Australia had smaller increases and Victoria had a noticeable decrease. There was a marked drop in Victoria in the December quarter 2002 coinciding with the introduction of restrictions on smoking in pubs and clubs.

CONTRIBUTION OF GAMBLING TO TOTAL TURNOVER, Seasonally AdjustedDecember Quarter 2003
Graph: CONTRIBUTION OF GAMBLING TO TOTAL TURNOVER, Seasonally Adjusted—December Quarter 2003


Contribution of gambling to Total Turnover, by State—Seasonally adjusted

New South Wales
Victoria
Queensland
South Australia
Western Australia
Tasmania
Northern Territory
Australian Capital Territory
Quarter
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

2002
March
5.9
1.7
2.6
3.1
0.1
0.7
1.6
4.3
June
6.4
1.6
2.8
3.3
0.1
0.5
1.6
4.4
September
6.8
1.6
2.8
3.6
0.1
0.6
1.4
5.4
December
6.9
1.1
3.0
3.4
0.1
0.5
1.4
4.5
2003
March
7.1
1.1
3.0
3.5
0.1
0.5
1.5
5.1
June
7.2
1.2
3.1
3.6
0.0
0.7
1.3
4.9
September
6.5
1.2
3.3
3.4
0.0
0.6
1.3
4.7
December
6.7
1.1
3.0
3.6
0.0
0.5
1.3
4.4



Sampling Errors

Standard errors for the level estimate for Australia (original data) are shown below. The standard error associated with the seasonally adjusted series is approximately the same as for the original estimates.

STANDARD ERRORS

Estimate
Standard error
Relative Standard error
Data series
$m
$m
%

Net proceeds from gambling
June quarter 2002
1,425.4
63.1
4.4
June quarter 2003
1,620.9
56.7
3.5



Further Information

For more information about this appendix please contact Graham Phillips on (02) 6252 5625.



Related information

The ABS produces a more comprehensive range of data on gambling via its service industries program. Detailed surveys of the Pubs, taverns and bars industry, Clubs industry and Casino industry are usually conducted every three years. For more information about the service industries program please contact Graham Boxsell on (02) 6252 5633.


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