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8501.0.55.003 - Contribution of Gambling to Retail Estimates, Dec 2005  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 14/02/2006   
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NOTES

FORTHCOMING ISSUES

ISSUE (QUARTER) Release Date
March 2006 17 May 2006



CHANGES IN THIS ISSUE

There are no changes in this issue.



INTRODUCTION

This quarterly article supplements information presented in the publication, Retail Trade, Australia (cat.no.8501.0). It presents information about Net proceeds received from licensed gambling activities (hereafter called Gambling) undertaken by businesses classified to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification industries, Pubs, taverns and bars and Clubs (Hospitality). These industries are called 'Hotels and licensed clubs' in Retail Trade, Australia.


Gambling includes:

  • commission from TAB and Keno transactions
  • net takings from Bingo
  • net revenue received from poker machines and other electronic gaming machines.

For further background about the Gambling series, please refer to the feature article in the December 2002 issue of Retail Trade, Australia.


The gambling article will be released on the ABS Web Site once a quarter about a week after the release of the March, June, September and December issues of Retail Trade, Australia.



INQUIRIES

For further information about these and related statistics, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070.



SUMMARY COMMENTARY


FINDINGS

It can be seen from Table 1, that for each quarter, the rate of quarterly growth can vary between the Gambling, Hotels and licensed clubs and Total retail series. Over the period from December quarter 2003 to December quarter 2005, the Total retail series grew by 7.7%, Hotels and licensed clubs grew by 12.1% and Gambling grew by 22.7%.

GAMBLING IN RETAIL TRADE, AUSTRALIA, SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Gambling
Hotels and licensed clubs
Total Retail
Net proceeds
Percentage change
Turnover
Percentage change
Turnover
Percentage change
Quarter
$m
%
$m
%
$m
%

2003
December
1 572.0
1.4
4 294.5
2.0
48 066.7
2.6
2004
March
1 565.3
-0.4
4 329.9
0.8
49 084.6
2.1
June
1 604.4
2.5
4 368.2
0.9
49 419.4
0.7
September
1 630.4
1.6
4 344.7
-0.5
50 063.5
1.3
December
1 696.6
4.1
4 439.4
2.2
50 130.8
0.1
2005
March
1 782.5
5.1
4 422.1
-0.4
50 203.2
0.1
June
1 878.4
5.4
4 662.8
5.4
50 874.8
1.3
September
1 844.8
-1.8
4 737.8
1.6
51 576.2
1.4
December
1 928.7
4.5
4 816.0
1.7
51 779.7
0.4


Graph 2 compares the growth rates of Gambling, Total retail and Total retail adjusted to exclude gambling (although other turnover for Hotels and licensed clubs is included). This shows that Total retail and Total retail excluding gambling generally grow at a similar rate. This reflects the low contribution of gambling to Total retail indicated in Table 3.

2. PERCENTAGE CHANGE IN QUARTERLY TURNOVER, Seasonally Adjusted
Graph: Percentage change in Quarterly turnover, Seasonally adjusted



Table 3 shows that gambling increased as a proportion of both turnover for Hotels and licensed clubs and Total retail in the period between December quarter 2003 to March quarter 2005. Since March quarter 2005 there has been little change in gambling as a percentage of Total Retail turnover and of Hotels and licensed clubs.

GAMBLING AS A PROPORTION OF HOTELS AND LICENSED CLUBS AND TOTAL RETAIL, AUSTRALIA, Seasonally Adjusted

Hotels and licensed clubs
Total retail
Quarter
%
%

2003
December
36.6
3.3
2004
March
36.2
3.2
June
36.7
3.2
September
37.5
3.3
December
38.2
3.4
2005
March
40.3
3.6
June
40.3
3.7
September
38.9
3.6
December
40.0
3.7


From Graph 4 it can be seen that in December quarter 2005, gambling as a proportion of state turnover is highest in New South Wales and Queensland and lowest in Western Australia and Tasmania.

4. CONTRIBUTION OF GAMBLING TO TOTAL TURNOVER, Seasonally Adjusted - December Quarter 2005
Graph: Contribution of Gambling to Total turnover, Seasonally adjusted - September 2005



This needs to be considered in the context of the varying state restrictions on gaming machines. Table 5 shows that gambling as a proportion of state turnover for the period December 2003 to December 2005 has been increasing in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland, while there has been a decline in South Australia. All other states have had little or no growth.

CONTRIBUTION OF GAMBLING TO TOTAL TURNOVER, BY STATE, SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

New South Wales
Victoria
Queensland
South Australia
Western Australia
Tasmania
Northern Territory
Australian Capital Territory
Quarter
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

2003
December
6.2
1.3
2.6
3.5
0.0
0.4
1.3
2.8
2004
March
6.1
1.3
2.5
3.4
0.0
0.5
1.4
2.8
June
6.2
1.3
2.5
3.3
0.0
0.4
1.1
2.8
September
6.5
1.2
2.4
3.1
0.0
0.4
1.1
2.9
December
6.7
1.5
2.4
2.9
0.0
0.5
1.0
2.6
2005
March
7.0
1.5
2.7
2.9
0.0
0.5
0.6
2.6
June
7.1
1.8
3.0
2.9
0.0
0.5
1.0
2.8
September
6.8
1.8
3.0
2.7
0.0
0.4
1.2
2.9
December
7.0
1.8
3.2
2.9
0.0
0.5
1.4
3.1



SAMPLING ERRORS

Standard errors for the level estimate for Australia (original data) are shown below. The standard error associated with the seasonally adjusted series is approximately the same as for the original estimates.

STANDARD ERRORS

Estimate
Standard error
Relative Standard error
Data series
$m
$m
%

Net proceeds from gambling
December quarter 2005
1 976.3
67.6
3.3



FURTHER INFORMATION

For further information about these and related statistics, contact Graham Phillips on (02) 6252 5625.



RELATED INFORMATION

The ABS produces a more comprehensive range of data on gambling via its service industries program. Detailed surveys of the Pubs, taverns and bars industry, Clubs industry and Casino industry are usually conducted every three years.


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