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6401.0 - Consumer Price Index, Australia, Dec 2010 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/01/2011   
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CAPITAL CITIES COMPARISON



ALL GROUPS

All Groups: Percentage change from previous quarter
Graph: All Groups: Percentage change from previous quarter


At the All groups level, the CPI rose in all capital cities in the December quarter, with the exception of Darwin (-0.1%). The highest positive movement was recorded in Melbourne (+0.6%) followed by Brisbane (+0.5%) and Canberra (+0.5%). The remaining four cities increased between 0.1% and 0.3%.

The food group was the most significant positive contributor in all cities with the exception of Perth and Darwin, where the most significant positive contributors were the recreation group and the housing group respectively. The largest increases for the food group were recorded in Sydney (+2.6%), Melbourne (+2.5%), and Brisbane (+2.5%) driven by increases in fruit and vegetable prices.

At the eight capital cities level, the housing group was the second largest positive contributor to the quarterly movement showing increases in all cities. The most significant contributor was the increase in house purchase in five capital cities, most notably in Darwin (+1.4%) and Sydney (+1.1%). Rents also recorded increases in all cities ranging from 0.5% to 1.4%.

The clothing and footwear group was the largest negative contributor to the quarterly movement at the eight capital cities level. The largest decreases for the clothing and footwear group were recorded in Adelaide (-3.4%) and Sydney (-3.0%). Darwin (+0.3%) was the only city to record an increase in the December quarter 2010.

Over the twelve months to the December quarter 2010, the All groups CPI rose in all capital cities. The largest positive movement was recorded in Melbourne (+3.1%) and Brisbane (+3.0%) due to relatively higher increases in housing, alcohol and tobacco and transportation. Canberra (+2.1%) recorded the smallest positive movement.

CPI, All groups index numbers and percentage changes

INDEX NUMBER(a)
PERCENTAGE CHANGE
Dec Qtr 2010
Dec 2009 to Dec 2010
Sep Qtr 2010 to Dec Qtr 2010

Sydney
173.1
2.4
0.3
Melbourne
171.5
3.1
0.6
Brisbane
180.0
3.0
0.5
Adelaide
177.1
2.5
0.3
Perth
174.1
2.6
0.1
Hobart
172.6
2.3
0.1
Darwin
171.8
2.4
-0.1
Canberra
174.2
2.1
0.5
Weighted average of eight capital cities
174.0
2.7
0.4

(a) Base of each index: 1989-90 = 100.0.



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