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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
The weekly earnings of employees in their main job (rather than in all jobs) is also of interest. The mean weekly earnings of employees in their main job was $851. Mean weekly earnings of employees in their main job was higher in the public sector than in the private sector ($951 compared with $827). For full-time employees, the mean weekly earnings in their main job was $1,045, while for part-time employees it was $388 in their main job. Mean weekly earnings in main job were $1,122 for full-time male employees and $908 for full-time female employees.
Another useful measure of earnings is to look at median weekly earnings. The median is the amount which divides the distribution of employees into two equal parts, one having earnings above and the other below that amount. The median weekly earnings of employees in their main job was $740. Median weekly earnings for employees in their main job was $882 for males and $600 for females.
In August 2006, median weekly earnings (in main job) were highest in the:
In August 2006, 73% (or 6,414,100) of the 8,776,900 employees were entitled to either paid holiday leave or paid sick leave, or both, in their main job (referred to as 'employees with leave entitlements').
Full-time employees were more likely than part-time employees to have leave entitlements (86% compared with 43%), and a higher proportion of male employees had leave entitlements than female employees (76% compared with 70%). The industry with the highest proportion of employees with leave entitlements was Public administration and safety (92%), followed by Electricity, gas, water and waste services (90%). The occupation groups with the highest proportion of employees with leave entitlements were Professionals (84%) and Managers (83%).
In August 2006, employees with leave entitlements earned an average of $960 per week in their main job, compared with $539 per week for employees without leave entitlements. The difference in average weekly earnings is due to the underlying characteristics of employees with and without leave entitlements. For example:
Of the 6,414,100 (73%) employees with leave entitlements in August 2006:
Of the 2,362,800 (27%) employees without leave entitlements in August 2006:
In August 2006, 76% of employees were provided with one or more types of paid leave (i.e. holiday, sick, long service or maternity/paternity leave). Employees in the public sector were more likely to have one or more of these leave benefits than those in the private sector (91% compared with 72%), as were full-time employees than part-time employees (88% compared with 47%).
The most commonly reported paid leave benefits were sick leave and holiday leave (both 72%), followed by long service leave (63%) and maternity/paternity leave (39%). The proportion of employees who were provided with all four leave benefits was 35%.
Accommodation and food services was the industry with the highest proportion of employees without leave benefits (61%). Sales workers and Labourers were the occupation groups with the highest proportion of employees without leave benefits (45% and 44% respectively).
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