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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2005  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 12/07/2005   
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Education

DISTRIBUTION OF PERSONS AGED 25-64 YEARS BY LEVEL OF EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT

Reference
year
Below upper
secondary
education(a)
Upper secondary
education and
post-secondary
non-tertiary
education(b)
Tertiary
type B
education(c)
Tertiary
type A and
advanced research
programs(d)
Total(e)
Country
%
%
%
%
%

Australia
2002
39
30
11
20
100
Canada
2002
18
40
22
21
100
China
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100
France
2002
35
40
12
12
100
Greece
2002
47
34
6
13
100
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100
Indonesia
1999
77
18
2
3
100
Italy
2002
53
36
(f)
10
100
Japan
2002
16
47
16
20
100
Korea (Republic of)
2002
30
45
8
18
100
Malaysia
1998
65
27
-
8
100
New Zealand
2002
24
47
15
15
100
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100
Singapore
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100
Sweden
2002
18
49
15
18
100
United Kingdom
2002
16
56
8
19
100
United States of America
2002
13
49
9
29
100
Viet Nam
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
100

(a) International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) levels 0, 1 and 2. For Australia this includes Preschool, Primary School and lower Secondary School levels as well as the Basic Vocational level
(b) International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) levels 3 and 4. For Australia this includes Year 12 completion as well as the Skilled Vocational level
(c) International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) level 5B. For Australia this includes Associate Diplomas and Undergraduate Diplomas
(d) International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) levels 5A and 6. For Australia this includes Bachelor degree level or higher
(e) Component totals when added may not equal 100% due to rounding. (f) Data included in Tertiary Type A and advanced research programs

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2004, Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators, 2004, OECD, Paris.

EDUCATIONAL PARTICIPATION(a) AND EXPENDITURE

Enrolment rates by age group (years)
Reference year(b)
15-19
20-29
30-39
40 and over
Reference
year(b)
Total public
expenditure as a
proportion of
GDP(c)
Total public and
private
expenditure as a
proportion of
GDP(d)
Country
%
%
%
%
%
%

Australia
2002
82.6
32.9
15.2
6.7
2001
4.5
6.0
Canada
2000
74.2
21.7
4.6
1.2
2001
4.9
6.1
China
2002
12.7
n.a.
-
-
1999
2.0
3.7
France
2002
86.7
19.6
1.8
n.a.
2001
5.6
6.0
Greece
2002
82.6
24.5
0.3
-
2001
3.8
4.1
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Indonesia
2002
45.6
3.6
-
-
2001
1.3
2.0
Italy
2002
75.8
18.4
2.5
0.1
2001
4.9
5.3
Japan
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
2001
3.5
4.6
Korea (Republic of)
2002
79.9
26.5
1.7
0.4
2001
4.8
8.2
Malaysia
2002
55.4
6.8
0.2
0.1
2001
7.2
n.a.
New Zealand
2002
72.1
25.4
10.9
4.1
2001
5.5
n.a.
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Sweden
2002
86.2
33.6
14.1
3.5
2001
6.3
6.5
United Kingdom
2002
76.8
26.8
16.2
8.3
2001
4.7
5.5
United States of America
2002
74.8
25.2
4.6
1.3
2001
5.1
7.3
Viet Nam
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.

(a) Participation rates are based on full-time and part-time enrolments
(b) 1 January of the reference year is considered a good proxy for the midpoint of the school year except for New Zealand, Australia and Korea where 1 July is used as the midpoint of the reference period
(c) Includes both purchases by the government agency itself on educational resources and also appropriations by the government agency to educational institutions which have been given responsibility to purchase educational resources themselves. Also includes public subsidies to households attributable for educational institutions, and direct expenditure on educational institutions from international sources
(d) Public expenditure refers to the spending of public authorities at all levels. Private expenditure refers to expenditure funded by private sources i.e. households, private business firms and nonprofit organisations of religious, charitable or business and labour associations

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2004, Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators, 2004, OECD, Paris.

STUDENT PERFORMANCE ON COMBINED READING, MATHEMATICAL AND SCIENTIFIC LITERACY SCALES(a)

Combined reading literacy
Mathematical literacy
Scientific literacy
Reference
year
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Country
Mean score
Mean score
Mean score
Mean score
Mean score
Mean score

Australia
2003
506
545
527
522
525
525
Canada
2003
514
546
541
530
527
516
China
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
France
2003
476
514
515
507
511
511
Greece
2003
453
490
455
436
487
475
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
2003
494
525
552
548
538
541
Indonesia
2003
369
394
362
359
396
394
Italy
2003
455
495
475
457
490
484
Japan
2003
487
509
539
530
550
546
Korea (Republic of)
2003
525
547
552
528
546
527
Malaysia
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
New Zealand
2003
508
535
531
516
529
513
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Sweden
2003
496
533
512
506
509
504
United Kingdom
2000
512
537
534
526
535
531
United States of America
2003
479
511
486
480
494
489
Viet Nam
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

(a) A scaling method assigns scores so that 500 is the OECD average in each domain.

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2004, Knowledge and skills for life: First results from PISA 2003, OECD, Paris.

UNEMPLOYMENT RATIO(a) BY LEVEL OF EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT AND GENDER OF 25-64 YEAR OLDS

Below upper
secondary education

Upper secondary
and post-secondary non-tertiary education

Tertiary
non-University
education

University
education

All
levels
of education

Reference
year
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Country(b)
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

Australia
2002
6.8
3.4
3.6
3.3
4.1
3.7
2.6
2.0
4.5
3.1
Canada
2002
8.3
5.3
5.8
5.0
5.4
3.9
4.5
3.9
5.9
4.6
China
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
France
2002
8.1
7.4
4.7
6.7
5.0
3.9
4.8
4.8
5.8
6.4
Greece
2002
4.0
4.8
5.0
8.9
4.6
8.4
3.6
7.0
4.3
6.6
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Indonesia
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Italy
2002
5.1
4.8
4.0
6.1
(c)
(c)
3.3
5.9
4.5
5.4
Japan
2002
6.8
2.6
5.1
3.2
4.3
3.1
3.1
2.7
4.8
3.0
Korea (Republic of)
2002
2.5
0.8
2.8
1.1
4.2
1.9
2.6
1.1
2.8
1.1
Malaysia
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
New Zealand
2002
4.7
3.0
2.6
3.0
3.3
2.7
3.0
2.4
3.2
2.9
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Sweden
2002
4.2
4.1
4.5
3.3
3.3
2.4
3.2
2.1
4.0
3.1
United Kingdom
2002
6.8
3.2
3.7
3.0
2.6
1.5
2.5
1.8
3.8
2.7
United States of America
2002
7.5
5.4
5.3
3.7
3.8
2.5
2.8
2.1
4.7
3.3
Viet Nam
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

(a) Unemployment ratio is the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the total number of persons in the population.
(b) Care should be taken when comparing these data between countries. In any one year, different countries can be at different stages of the economic cycle which is a major influence on unemployment rates.
(c) Data for tertiary non-university are included in University education column.

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2004, Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators, 2004, OECD, Paris.



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