1375.0 - Discussion Paper: Measuring a Knowledge-based Economy and Society - An Australian Framework, 2002  
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Contents >> Chapter 5: Possible Indicators >> Innovation and entrepreneurship dimension

Possible indicators for this dimension are:

CHARACTERISTIC: Research Base and Potential for Knowledge Creation


CHARACTERISTIC: Knowledge Creation with Commercial Potential


CHARACTERISTIC: Other Knowledge Creation
    No indicators are proposed at this stage.

CHARACTERISTIC: Knowledge Networks and Flows



  • Proportion of manufacturing businesses which are innovative by business size, industry and broad type of innovation (product, process or organisational).
  • Expenditure on technological innovation by manufacturing businesses by business size, industry and type of innovation (R&D, acquisition of technology etc
    ABS Innovation in Industry

CHARACTERISTIC: Entrepreneurial Activity

  • Number of business startups (by Australian adults per capita)
  • Proportion of small and medium enterprises by industry (in growth industries defined in terms of both employment and output )
    ABS Business Growth and Performance Survey

CHARACTERISTIC: Support for Innovation

Apparent gaps in available statistics for this dimension include:
  • General lack of data on the value of intangible assets
  • Lack of direct information on knowledge networks and business alliances and business clusters
  • Data on business spin-offs from higher education institutions
  • Innovation indicators from 1996-97 are restricted to the manufacturing and mining industries
  • Recent data on the proportion of firms which are innovative, by age and size of firm, and industry (latest data are in respect of 1996-97).
  • Lack of indicators for 'other' knowledge creation

Relevant indicators are also shown under other dimensions. They include:
  • Education system indicators (Human capital)
  • Researchers as a proportion of the labour force (Human capital)
  • Human resources devoted to science & technology (Human capital)
  • Immigration and emigration of skilled people (Human capital).

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