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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/01/2002   
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Contents >> Mining >> Summary of mining operations

In this chapter, the term 'mining industry' is used to refer to the group of industries engaged in mining for coal, oil and gas and metallic minerals. It does not cover other mining activities such as sand and gravel quarrying, mining for clay and other construction materials or mining for gemstones.

Table 18.1 shows that in 1998-99 mining industry turnover was $37.5b, virtually unchanged from the previous year; value added at $24.1b was almost 1% higher. Employment fell by 7% (3,750 persons) to 47,300 persons between June 1998 and June 1999.

The coal mining industry remained the largest contributor to total turnover, accounting for 34%, slightly higher than recorded for 1997-98 (33%). The oil and gas extraction industry accounted for 23%. The other main contributors were the gold and iron ore mining industries which each accounted for 13% of total mining industry turnover in 1998-99.

Turnover in the coal mining industry increased by $404m (3%) to $12.9b in 1998-99. The oil and gas extraction industry recorded the largest decrease in turnover in 1998-99, dropping $946m (10%) to $8.6b. A fall of over $1.0b in revenue from sales of goods and services brought about by low world prices for oil, as well as reduced production resulting from maintenance work and the Longford refinery explosion, were the main reasons for the decrease. Consistenly low world gold prices, a number of mine closures and scaling down of operations at several mines resulted in a decrease in turnover in the gold ore minining industry of $287m (5%) to $4.9b during 1998-99.

The iron ore mining industry reported a $439m (10%) increase in turnover to $4.7b in 1998-99. Production of iron ore fell during the year, as did the price in US dollars. However, as a result of favourable exchange rates, the price being obtained in Australian dollars actually increased, leading to a $335m increase in the value of sales of goods and services for the industry. Copper production increased in 1998-99, as did the value of turnover for the copper mining industry, which rose $74m (5%) to $1.5b, due to expansion of the Olympic Dam mine (SA) and the Ernest Henry mine (Qld) coming into production.

Table 18.2 shows that Western Australia continues to be the State with the largest mining industry. At $11.5b, Western Australia contributes almost half of the national value added by the mining industry. Queensland is next largest with over 20% of the national value added. The State with the highest value added per person employed in the mining industry was Victoria ($899,000), while Tasmania had the lowest ($207,000).


18.1 MINING, Summary of Operations by Industry - 1998-99

Inventories

Employment
at 30 June(a)

no.
Wages and salaries(b)

$m
Turnover

$m
Open

$m
Close

$m
Purchases
and selected
expenses

$m
Value
added

$m
Net capital expenditure

$m

Coal mining
19,704
1,931
12,871
1,123
969
5,499
7,218
1,097
Oil and gas extraction
4,492
386
8,596
293
300
1,130
7,472
2,543
Metal ore mining
- Iron ore mining
4,793
437
4,696
369
427
1,215
3,539
773
- Bauxite mining
1,564
82
1,104
75
88
289
829
322
- Copper ore mining
2,257
155
1,459
269
213
760
643
277
- Gold ore mining
7,135
424
4,939
579
531
2,543
2,348
581
- Mineral sand mining
1,913
121
892
259
268
405
497
234
- Silver-lead-zinc ore mining
3,029
214
1,678
157
128
553
1,096
849
- Other(c)
2,413
161
1,289
347
372
837
477
1,371
- Total metal ore mining
23,104
1,593
16,057
2,055
2,027
6,601
9,428
4,407
Total mining 1998-99
47,300
3,910
37,524
3,471
3,296
13,230
24,119
8,047
Total mining 1997-98
51,048
4,157
37,558
3,380
3,333
13,593
23,918
7,161

(a) Includes working proprietors.
(b) Excludes amounts drawn by working proprietors.
(c) Includes ANZSIC Classes 1316 (Nickel ore mining) and 1319 (Metal ore mining n.e.c.).

Source: Mining Operations, Australia (8414.0).


18.2 MINING, Summary of Operations by State/Territory - 1998-99

Stocks

Employment
at 30 June(a)

no.
Wages and
salaries(b)

$m
Turnover

$m
Opening

$m
Closing

$m
Purchases and
selected expenses

$m
Value
added

$m
Net capital
expenditure

$m

NSW
11,720
1,063
6,442
591
454
2,724
3,581
448
Vic.
2,281
170
2,493
60
68
450
2,050
696
Qld
12,672
1,118
9,343
1,055
917
4,016
5,189
1,794
SA
1,750
114
1,129
93
86
329
793
261
WA
16,332
1,253
16,284
1,352
1,473
4,903
11,503
4,346
Tas.
905
61
478
47
51
296
187
43
NT
1,640
130
1,355
273
247
512
817
457
Aust.
47,300
3,910
37,524
3,471
3,296
13,230
24,120
8,046

(a) Includes working proprietors.
(b) Excludes amounts drawn by working proprietors.

Source: Mining Operations, Australia (8414.0).


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