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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 1997  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 19/06/1997   
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LABOUR FORCE

Country
Reference year
Economically active population(a)
Participation rate of persons aged 15 and over(a)

Total
Men
Women(b)
'000
%
%
%

Australia
1995
9,001.2
63.7
74.0
53.8
Canada
1995
14,927.5
64.8
72.5
57.4
China
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
France
1995
26,089.3
55.0
62.6
47.9
Greece
1995
4,244.5
49.7
64.7
36.1
Hong Kong
1995
3,068.1
62.8
77.3
48.0
Indonesia
1994
83,688.8
66.2
82.0
50.9
Italy
1994
22,680.0
47.4
62.1
33.7
Japan
1995
66,670.0
63.4
77.6
50.0
Korea (Republic of)
1995
20,798.0
62.0
76.5
48.3
Malaysia
1995
7,869.6
39.2
n.a.
n.a.
New Zealand
1995
1,742.2
64.8
74.2
55.8
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
1995
1,748.2
64.3
78.4
50.0
Sweden
1995
4,319.0
78.2
80.3
76.1
UK
1993
28,271.0
62.4
72.7
52.8
USA
1995
132,304.0
66.6
75.0
58.9
Viet Nam
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

(a) For most countries data are presented for the economically active population aged 15 and over. However, the age range varies for some countries: Malaysia - 15-64; Sweden - 16-64; UK, USA - 16 and over. Definitions also vary in terms of the inclusion or exclusion of certain other segments of the population such as the armed forces.
(b) Participation rates for women are frequently not comparable internationally since, in many countries, relatively large numbers of women assist on farms or in other family enterprises without pay. There are differences between countries in the criteria used to count economically active workers.

Source: International Labour Office Year Book of Labour Statistics.

EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT(a)

Country
Reference year
Employment
Reference year
Unemployment
Unemployment rate
'000
'000
'000%

Australia
1995
8,234.9
1995
766.3
8.5
Canada
1995
13,506.0
1995
1,422.0
9.5
China(b)
1994
614,690.0
1994
4,764.0
2.8
France
1995
22,296.0
1995
2 950.0
11.6
Greece
1995
3,823.8
1995
424.7
10.0
Hong Kong
1995
2,970.5
1995
97.7
3.2
Indonesia
1992
78,104.1
1992
2,199.0
n.a.
Italy
1994
20,002.0
1994
2,584.0
11.1
Japan
1995
64,570.0
1995
2,100.0
3.2
Korea (Republic of)
1995
20,377.0
1995
419.0
2.0
Malaysia
1995
7,645.0
1995
224.6
2.8
New Zealand
1995
1,632.6
1995
109.5
6.3
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
1995
1,700.9
1995
47.3
2.7
Sweden
1995
3,986.0
1995
333.0
7.7
UK
1995
25,537.0
1995
2,384.0
8.5
USA
1995
124,900.0
1995
7,404.0
5.6
Viet Nam
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.

(a) For most countries the employed and unemployed populations are aged 15 and over. However, the age range varies for some countries: China - all ages; Greece and Italy - 14 and over; Indonesia - 10 and over; Malaysia - 15-64 (employed only); Sweden - 16-64 ; UK and USA - 16 and over. Definitions also vary in terms of the inclusion or exclusion of certain other segments of the population such as the armed forces.
(b) Employment relates to total economy; unemployment relates to urban areas only.

Source: International Labour Office Year Book of Labour Statistics.




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