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5352.0 - International Investment Position, Australia: Supplementary Statistics, Calendar year 2009  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 30/07/2010   
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ANALYSIS AND COMMENTS

INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT POSITION

Australia’s net international investment position at 31 December 2009 was $767.3 billion, an increase of $62.2 billion on the previous year.

Level of foreign investment in Australia

The level of foreign investment in Australia increased by $136.1 billion to reach $1,897.7 billion at 31 December 2009. Portfolio investment accounted for $1097.8 billion (58%), direct investment for $436.1 billion (23%), other investment liabilities for $284.8 billion (15%) and financial derivatives for $78.9 billion (4%). Of the portfolio investment liabilities, debt securities accounted for $728.9 billion (38%) and equity securities for $369.0 billion (19%).

The leading investor countries at 31 December 2009 were:

  • United States of America ($514.3 billion or 27%);
  • United Kingdom ($498.6 billion or 26%);
  • Japan ($102.0 billion or 5%);
  • Netherlands ($43.4 billion or 2%);
  • Hong Kong (SAR of China) ($43.2 billion or 2%);
  • Singapore ($40.2 billion or 2%).

In addition, the level of borrowing raised on international capital markets (e.g. Eurobonds) was $93.1 billion or 5%.

The following graph illustrates the percentage share, by leading countries, of the total level of foreign investment in Australia at 31 December 2009.
Graph: total level of foreign investment in Australia at 31 December 2009


Level of Australian investment abroad

The level of Australian investment abroad reached $1,130.4 billion at 31 December 2009, an increase of $73.9 billion on the previous year. Portfolio investment abroad accounted for $430.1 billion (38%), direct investment for $344.6 billion (30%), other investment for $220.2 billion (19%), reserve assets for $45.3 billion (4%) and financial derivatives for $90.2 billion (8%). Equity has been the main form of Australian investment abroad during the past decade. At $584.5 billion, equity represented 52% of the total level of investment at 31 December 2009.

The leading destination countries as at 31 December 2009 were:
  • United States of America ($403.7 billion or 36%);
  • United Kingdom ($178.7 billion or 16%);
  • New Zealand ($79.8 billion or 7%);
  • Germany ($37.7 billion or 3%);
  • Canada ($36.8 billion or 3%);
  • Japan ($31.6 billion or 3%).

The following graph illustrates the percentage share, by leading countries, of the total level of Australian investment abroad at 31 December 2009.
Graph: Total level of Australian investment abroad at 31 December 2009



FINANCIAL ACCOUNT TRANSACTIONS

The balance on financial account for the year ended 31 December 2009 recorded a net inflow (surplus) of $55.4 billion. This result is up $0.5 billion on the net inflow of $54.9 billion recorded for the previous year.

Foreign investment in Australia - Transactions

Foreign investment in Australia recorded a net inflow of $159.5 billion for the year ended 31 December 2009, an increase of $12.0 billion on the net inflow of $147.5 billion for the previous year.

The leading investor countries were:
  • United State of America ($93.8 billion or 59%);
  • United Kingdom ($33.9 billion or 21%);
  • Netherlands ($12.9 billion or 8%);
  • Japan ($11.4 billion or 7%);
  • China ($7.8 billion or 5%);
  • Canada ($3.3 billion or 2%).

The following graph illustrates the percentage share, by leading countries, of total financial transactions for foreign investment in Australia during the year ended 31 December 2009.
Graph: total financial transactions for foreign investment in Australia during the year ended 31 December 2009


Australian investment abroad - Transactions

Australian investment abroad recorded a net outflow of $104.1 billion for the year ended 31 December 2009, an increase of $11.5 billion on the net outflow of $92.6 billion for the previous year.

The leading destination countries were:
  • United States of America ($74.5 billion or 72%);
  • Germany ($13.3 billion or 13%);
  • New Zealand ($5.5 billion or 5%);
  • Canada ($3.7 billion or 4%);
  • Belgium ($3.6 billion or 3%);
  • Luxembourg ($3.6 billion or 3%).

The following graph illustrates the percentage share, by leading countries, of total financial transactions for Australian investment abroad during the year ended 31 December 2009.
Graph: total financial transactions for Australian investment abroad during the year ended 31 December 2009



INCOME

Income debits totalled $80.1 billion for the year ended 31 December 2009. This result is down $9.0 billion on the income debits in the previous year. The main countries to which income accrued for the year ended 31 December 2009 were:
  • United States of America ($15.7 billion or 20%);
  • United Kingdom ($13.6 billion or 17%);
  • Japan ($7.8 billion or 10%);
  • Netherlands ($3.2 billion or 4%);
  • Switzerland ($2.0 billion or 3%);
  • Germany ($2.0 billion or 2%).

Income credits totalled $33.6 billion for the year ended 31 December 2009. This result is down $10.8 billion on the income credits in the previous year. The main countries from which income accrued for the year ended 31 December 2009 were:
  • United States of America ($9.7 billion or 29%);
  • United Kingdom ($3.8 billion or 11%);
  • Canada ($1.9 billion or 6%);
  • New Zealand ($1.4 billion or 4%);
  • Germany ($1.2 billion or 4%);
  • Netherlands ($1.2 billion or 4%).


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