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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2005  
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Contents >> Work >> National and state work summary tables

National and state work summary tables



WORK: NATIONAL SUMMARY

LABOUR FORCE
Units
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

1Total labour force
'000
r8,691
r8,881
r9,061
r9,169
r9,256
r9,379
r9,495
r9,676
r9,832
r10,019
10,146
2Females - of total labour force
%
42.3
42.7
43.0
43.1
43.2
43.3
r43.8
r44.2
r44.2
r44.7
44.6
3Participation rate
%
r62.7
63.3
r63.6
r63.4
63.1
r63.1
r63.1
63.4
r63.4
r63.7
63.5
4 Males
%
73.6
r73.7
73.8
73.4
r72.9
r72.7
r72.3
r72.1
r72.1
r71.7
71.6
5 Females
%
52.2
53.2
53.8
r53.8
53.6
r53.8
r54.3
r54.9
r55.1
r55.9
55.6
6 Females with children aged 0-4
%
46.1
49.3
47.4
47.7
48.2
47.1
49.3
r50.0
r49.3
r50.0
47.5
7 Persons aged 15-19
%
55.8
r58.7
r59.1
r58.9
r57.6
r58.2
r59.1
r59.8
r59.5
r59.4
60.1
8 Persons aged 20-24
%
82.1
r82.7
83.0
82.5
r81.9
r82.1
r82.1
r82.2
81.8
r81.5
81.1
9Median age of male labour force
years
36
36
37
37
37
r38
r38
38
38
39
38
10Median age of female labour force
years
35
35
36
36
36
36
37
37
37
r38
38

EMPLOYED PEOPLE
Units
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

11Total employed
'000
r7,802
r8,113
r8,324
r8,404
r8,519
r8,689
r8,869
r9,057
r9,168
r9,395
9,560
12 Proportion of the total population in employment
%
43.7
r44.9
45.5
45.4
r45.5
r45.9
r46.3
r46.7
r46.7
r47.3
47.5
Part-time work
13 Persons employed part-time - of total employed
%
r24.0
r24.5
r24.7
r25.3
r25.7
r26.1
r26.3
r26.8
r28.1
r28.7
28.4
14 Males employed part-time - of total males employed
%
r10.5
r11.0
r11.1
r11.8
r12.1
r12.6
r12.6
r13.4
14.4
14.8
14.7
15 Females employed part-time - of total females employed
%
r42.2
r42.6
r42.6
r43.1
r43.5
r43.6
r43.8
r43.6
r45.3
r45.8
45.6
16 Females employed part-time - of total part-time employed
%
r74.9
74.5
r74.5
r73.6
r73.3
72.7
r73.2
r72.2
r71.5
r71.5
71.3
17 Average hours worked per week by persons employed part-time
hours
r15.1
15.3
15.2
15.4
r15.4
r15.4
r15.6
r15.6
15.8
16.0
15.9
18 Persons employed part-time who prefer more hours - of all part-time employed
%
28.1
26.4
26.1
26.5
r26.1
r25.8
23.9
r24.2
r27.1
r26.2
26.3
19 Persons employed part-time who worked 15 hours or less per week - of all part-time employed
%
52.8
51.8
52.1
51.1
r51.1
r51.1
r50.2
r49.9
49.2
48.3
48.9
Full-time work
20 Average hours worked per week by persons employed full-time
hours
40.7
40.9
40.5
41.0
r41.1
41.1
41.4
40.7
40.8
r41.2
40.4
21 Persons employed full-time working 50 hours or more per week - of all full-time employed
%
23.7
24.3
23.7
24.4
24.9
24.9
r25.6
r24.1
r24.5
r24.8
23.4
Employment arrangements
22 Employees without leave entitlements - of all employees
%
23.7
24.0
26.1
25.8
26.9
26.4
27.3
27.2
27.3
27.6
27.7
23 Males employed without leave entitlements - of all male employees
%
18.1
18.5
21.2
20.9
22.6
22.0
23.0
23.6
23.5
24.0
24.7
24 Females employed without leave entitlements - of all female employees
%
30.8
30.8
32.0
31.7
32.0
31.8
32.3
31.5
31.6
31.9
31.2
25 Employers and own account workers - of total employed
%
15.2
14.6
14.6
13.9
14.3
13.6
13.5
r13.3
r13.4
r13.3
12.9
Industry
26 Employed in service industries - of total employed
%
71.1
71.7
72.3
72.6
72.9
73.6
r73.2
r73.8
r74.1
r74.7
74.9
27 Employed in manufacturing industry - of total employed
%
14.1
13.8
13.4
13.5
r13.2
12.5
r12.4
r12.3
r11.8
r11.9
11.2
Occupation
28 Employed in highest skill (ASCO Skill Level 1) occupations- of total employed(a)
%
24.9
24.7
24.8
24.5
r25.0
25.2
r25.2
r25.7
r26.5
r26.0
26.4
29 Employed in lowest skill (ASCO Skill Level 5) occupations- of total employed(a)
%
22.0
22.1
21.8
20.4
20.4
20.3
19.7
r19.5
19.0
19.4
19.3
30 Females - of all employed in highest skill (ASCO Skill Level 1) occupations(a)
%
35.0
35.0
35.5
41.4
41.2
r40.9
r42.1
r42.7
r42.5
r43.3
44.0

WORKPLACE RELATIONS
Units
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

31 Trade union members - of all employees
%
35.0
32.7
31.1
30.3
28.1
25.7
24.7
24.5
23.1
23.0
22.7
32 Working days lost due to industrial disputes (per 1,000 employees)
days
r82.3
r85.0
r114.1
90.0
r82.1
r55.8
r105.3
r45.1
r41.9
r30.2
66.9
33 Pay set by award only - of all employees
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
23.2
n.a.
20.5
n.a.
20.0
34 Pay set by collective agreements - of all employees
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r36.8
n.a.
38.2
n.a.
40.9
35 Pay set by individual agreements - of all employees
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
40.0
n.a.
41.3
n.a.
39.1

UNEMPLOYMENT
Units
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

36Total unemployed
'000
r888.5
r768.6
r736.5
r764.9
r737.8
r689.6
r626.3
r619.5
r663.3
r624.4
586.0
37 Long-term unemployed - of total unemployed
%
34.6
32.3
27.5
27.0
29.3
r29.8
r26.9
23.4
r22.1
r21.6
21.0
38 Long-term unemployed - of total labour force
%
3.5
2.8
2.2
2.3
2.3
2.2
1.8
1.5
1.5
r1.3
1.2
39Unemployment rate
%
r10.2
r8.7
r8.1
r8.3
r8.0
r7.4
r6.6
r6.4
r6.7
r6.7
5.8
40 Males
%
r10.7
r8.9
r8.5
r8.6
r8.2
r7.6
r6.7
r6.7
r7.0
r6.3
5.6
41 Females
%
r9.6
r8.3
r7.6
r8.0
r7.6
r7.0
r6.4
r6.1
r6.5
r6.1
6.0
42 Capital cities
%
10.3
8.8
8.2
8.2
r7.4
r6.8
r6.0
r5.9
r6.4
r5.9
5.6
43 Balance of states and territories
%
11.0
9.2
8.9
9.4
r9.1
r8.3
r7.6
r7.2
r7.4
r6.8
6.1
Unemployed looking for full-time work
44 Of all persons aged 15-19
%
8.6
r7.3
r7.1
r6.9
6.5
r5.7
r5.0
r5.0
r5.3
4.7
4.6
45 Of all persons aged 20-24
%
r10.8
r8.7
r8.5
r8.9
r8.6
r7.6
r6.3
6.4
r6.7
r6.3
5.7
46 Median duration of unemployment - males
weeks
30
26
22
24
r26
r26
r24
18
20
19
18
47 Median duration of unemployment - females
weeks
22
21
17
17
r22
r19
r15
r16
14
14
13
48Retrenchment rate
%
5.4
n.a.
4.6
n.a.
4.4
n.a.
4.0
n.a.
3.9
n.a.
2.7
49 Persons previously retrenched and currently employed - of all retrenched
%
42.2
n.a.
44.7
n.a.
42.4
n.a.
46.4
n.a.
52.7
n.a.
51.2
Labour force underutilisation
50Labour force underutilisation rate
%
14.1
13.8
13.8
13.6
13.0
11.8
10.9
r12.6
12.1
11.5
11.1
51 Extended labour force underutilisation rate
%
15.5
15.1
15.2
15.0
14.3
13.2
12.2
r13.7
r13.1
12.5
12.2

NOT IN THE LABOUR FORCE
Units
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

52Marginally attached
'000
773.3
862.8
879.6
890.5
922.6
883.2
823.9
816.5
808.1
834.6
855.3
53Discouraged jobseekers
'000
106.5
111.9
118.9
118.4
110.9
105.8
106.5
81.7
78.0
79.8
82.0

TRANSITION TO RETIREMENT
Units
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

Persons aged 55-64 years
54Participation rate - males
%
r61.3
r61.4
60.8
60.5
60.4
r60.8
r60.7
r60.9
r61.7
r63.0
64.2
55Participation rate - females
%
27.3
27.9
r30.1
r31.1
31.6
r32.0
r34.5
36.1
38.4
40.2
41.4
56 Males employed part-time - of all employed males aged 55-64
%
r12.4
r13.5
r13.1
r13.8
r14.8
r14.9
r13.9
r15.8
16.3
r17.3
15.7
57 Females employed part-time - of all employed females aged 55-64
%
r50.2
r50.8
r49.8
r51.2
r49.7
r51.0
r51.3
r51.4
52.3
51.6
49.7

(a) Australian Standard Classification of Occupation (ASC0) second edition was introduced in August 1996. Data prior to this date are concorded with ASCO second edition at the major group level.

Reference periods: All data are annual averages for the year ending 30 June except:
Data for indicators 6, 9-10 and 46-47 are at June.
Data for indicators 22-24 and 31 are at August.
Data for indicators 33 -35 are at May.
Data for indicators 48-49 are at February.
Data for indicators 50-53 are at September.


WORK: STATE SUMMARY

LABOUR FORCE
Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

1Total labour force
'000
2003-04
3,356
2,514
1,968
766
1,032
226
101
183
10,146
2Females - of total labour force
%
2003-04
44.4
44.6
44.9
44.6
43.7
44.8
44.7
47.7
44.6
3Participation rate
%
2003-04
62.5
63.1
64.8
61.6
65.8
59.0
70.8
71.5
63.5
4 Males
%
2003-04
70.6
71.7
72.4
69.7
74.6
66.8
76.0
77.2
71.6
5 Females
%
2003-04
54.6
54.9
57.4
53.9
57.1
51.5
65.2
66.2
55.6
6 Females with children aged 0-4
%
2004
48.1
46.9
47.3
47.1
45.1
50.2
60.4
57.1
47.5
7 Persons aged 15-19
%
2003-04
57.1
56.0
68.1
61.6
64.0
58.2
49.2
63.5
60.1
8 Persons aged 20-24
%
2003-04
80.7
81.1
83.5
81.9
78.4
76.8
70.0
85.0
81.1
9Median age of male labour force
years
2004
39
38
38
39
39
40
39
37
38
10Median age of female labour force
years
2004
38
37
38
39
38
39
38
37
38

EMPLOYED PEOPLE
Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

11Total employed
'000
2003-04
3,169
2,373
1,845
717
973
210
96
176
9,560
12 Proportion of the total population in work
%
2003-04
47.1
47.7
47.5
46.7
49.1
43.6
48.1
54.3
47.5
Part-time work
13 Persons employed part-time - of total employed
%
2003-04
27.2
28.9
28.6
31.1
29.4
30.7
24.5
27.0
28.4
14 Males employed part-time - of total males employed
%
2003-04
14.2
15.2
14.4
15.4
14.6
14.4
18.2
17.7
14.7
15 Females employed part-time - of total females employed
%
2003-04
43.6
45.9
46.1
50.4
48.6
50.5
32.5
37.2
45.6
16 Females employed part-time - of total part-time employed
%
2003-04
70.9
70.8
72.2
72.5
71.9
74.3
59.0
65.8
71.3
17 Average hours worked per week by persons employed part-time
hours
2003-04
15.9
15.4
16.3
16.4
15.6
15.7
17.8
15.9
15.9
18 Persons employed part-time who prefer more hours - of all part-time employed
%
2003-04
26.8
25.2
27.2
28.5
25.3
28.0
14.8
19.4
26.3
19 Persons employed part-time who worked 15 hours or less per week - of all part-time employed
%
2003-04
48.4
51.0
47.2
47.7
50.7
49.6
27.6
49.2
48.9
Full-time work
20 Average hours worked per week by persons employed full-time
hours
2003-04
40.5
39.8
40.9
40.1
41.1
40.1
40.6
38.5
40.4
21 Persons employed full-time working 50 hours or more per week - of all full-time employed
%
2003-04
23.3
22.3
25.2
22.2
25.5
21.3
24.7
18.9
23.4
Employment arrangements
22 Employees without leave entitlements - of all employees
%
2004
26.8
26.3
30.4
31.1
27.8
28.4
23.6
23.0
27.7
23 Males employed without leave entitlements - of all male employees
%
2004
24.3
24.3
26.5
24.8
24.3
23.8
22.7
19.5
24.7
24 Females employed without leave entitlements - of all female employees
%
2004
29.5
28.6
35.0
38.2
31.7
33.5
24.6
26.5
31.2
25 Employers and own account workers - of total employed
%
2003-04
12.3
11.6
14.7
13.9
15.1
14.5
8.9
8.4
12.9
Industry
26 Employed in service industries - of total employed
%
2003-04
76.7
73.7
74.5
71.0
72.5
72.8
83.2
90.0
74.9
27 Employed in manufacturing industries - of total employed
%
2003-04
10.5
14.0
10.0
14.2
9.3
10.7
3.5
3.5
11.2
Occupation
28 Employed in highest skill (ASCO Skill Level 1) occupations(a) - of total employed
%
2003-04
28.1
28.2
22.1
25.3
24.6
23.1
24.7
37.6
26.4
29 Employed in lowest skill (ASCO Skill Level 5) occupations(a) - of total employed
%
2003-04
18.3
19.1
21.0
20.4
19.0
20.0
21.9
14.2
19.3
30 Females - of all employed in highest skill (ASCO Skill Level 1) occupations(a)
%
2003-04
43.5
44.9
44.2
43.3
42.1
44.4
49.3
45.4
44.0

WORKPLACE RELATIONS
Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

31 Trade union members - of all employees
%
2004
24.7
22.0
21.8
22.7
18.0
30.0
22.7
21.3
22.7
32 Working days lost due to industrial disputes (per 1,000 employees)
days
2003-04
88.6
76.2
20.3
23.7
122.9
6.0
13.9
4.4
66.9
33 Pay set by award only - of all employees
%
2004
22.5
16.1
23.0
26.2
12.6
20.9
11.9
17.0
20.0
34 Pay set by collective agreements - of all employees
%
2004
37.2
42.3
41.4
44.8
40.8
43.3
52.7
55.6
40.9
35 Pay set by individual agreements - of all employees
%
2004
40.4
41.5
35.6
29.0
46.6
35.9
35.5
27.4
39.1

UNEMPLOYMENT
Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

36Total unemployed
'000
2003-04
186.5
140.9
122.8
48.8
59.0
15.6
5.3
7.1
586.0
37 Long-term unemployed - of total unemployed
%
2003-04
22.5
21.2
19.1
22.8
17.7
32.7
9.4
10.9
21.0
38 Long-term unemployed - of total labour force
%
2003-04
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.5
1.0
2.3
0.5
0.4
1.2
39Unemployment rate
%
2003-04
5.6
5.6
6.2
6.4
5.7
6.9
5.2
3.9
5.8
40 Males
%
2003-04
5.4
5.5
5.9
6.5
5.4
7.6
5.0
4.1
5.6
41 Females
%
2003-04
5.8
5.7
6.6
6.2
6.2
6.1
5.5
3.7
6.0
42 Capital cities
%
2003-04
5.1
5.5
6.0
6.7
5.7
6.3
. .
. .
5.6
43 Balance of states and territories(b)
%
2003-04
6.5
6.0
6.5
5.4
5.7
7.4
5.2
3.9
6.1
Unemployed looking for full-time work
44 Of all persons aged 15-19
%
2003-04
4.5
3.3
5.3
6.2
5.5
5.7
5.0
4.4
4.6
45 Of all persons aged 20-24
%
2003-04
5.2
5.6
6.3
6.8
5.7
8.4
5.5
3.6
5.7
46 Median duration of unemployment - males
weeks
2004
18
15
11
20
14
23
7
9
18
47 Median duration of unemployment - females
weeks
2004
13
16
13
20
11
18
7
8
13
48Retrenchment rate
%
2004
2.8
2.5
2.5
2.7
3.2
2.1
1.6
1.6
2.7
49 Persons previously retrenched and currently employed - of all retrenched
%
2004
50.4
51.8
52.7
45.9
55.2
31.7
58.5
58.1
51.2
Labour force underutilisation
50Labour force underutilisation rate
%
2004
10.5
12.3
10.6
12.0
10.3
13.4
11.1
8.3
11.1
51 Extended labour force underutilisation rate
%
2004
11.6
13.3
11.7
13.1
11.4
14.3
11.5
9.2
12.2

NOT IN THE LABOUR FORCE
Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

52Marginally attached
'000
2004
278.9
226.8
156.5
67.5
83.8
24.7
4.9
12.2
855.3
53Discouraged jobseekers
'000
2004
32.8
17.2
14.8
7.3
7.5
1.4
*0.2
*0.9
82.0

TRANSITION TO RETIREMENT
Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Persons aged 55-64 years
54Participation rate - males
%
2003-04
62.8
65.4
62.9
61.8
71.9
56.8
69.9
66.2
64.2
55Participation rate - females
%
2003-04
41.9
40.2
40.6
38.6
45.0
38.4
59.3
49.6
41.4
56 Males employed part-time - of all employed males aged 55-64
%
2003-04
15.0
18.0
12.9
15.3
17.0
17.0
15.0
22.4
15.7
57 Females employed part-time - of all employed females aged 55-64
%
2003-04
47.7
51.7
49.3
49.7
51.7
61.6
35.7
42.8
49.7

(a) Australian Standard Classification of Occupation (ASCO) second edition was introduced in August 1996. Data prior to this date are concorded with ASCO second edition at the major group level.
(b) Data for Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory include estimates for capital cities.

Reference periods: All data are for the financial year ending 30 June except:
Data for indicators 6, 9-10 and 46-47 are at June.
Data for indicators 22-24 and 31 are at August.
Data for indicators 33 - 35 are at May.
Data for indicators 48-49 are at February.
Data for indicators 50-53 are at September.


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