3412.0 - Migration, Australia, 2013-14 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 29/01/2015   
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NET OVERSEAS MIGRATION

Net overseas migration (NOM) is the net gain or loss of population through immigration to Australia and emigration from Australia. Data provided by the Department of Immigration and Border Protection (DIBP) is used by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) to calculate the official NOM estimates each quarter.

In 2013-14, NOM decreased from the previous year, recording an annual estimate of 212,700 persons, which was 9.7% (23,000 persons) less than in 2012-13. NOM in 2012-13 was 235,700 persons, which was 2.7% (6,200 persons) more than in 2011-12 and 30.6% (55,300 persons) more than the dip experienced in 2010-11 when NOM added 180,400 persons to Australia for the year.

Graph Image for 2.1 Net Overseas Migration (NOM)(a)(b) - Australia

Footnote(s): (a) Contains a break in series at 30 June 2006 - see paragraphs 22-23 of the Explanatory Notes. (b) Estimates from June quarter 2013 onwards are preliminary - see paragraph 9 of the Explanatory Notes.

Source(s): Australian Historical Population Statistics (cat. no. 3105.0.65.001); Migration, Australia (cat. no. 3412.0)


In 2013-14, NOM contributed the greatest number of people to the most populous states: New South Wales with a net increase of 73,300 persons, followed by Victoria (59,400 persons), Western Australia (32,300 persons) and Queensland (30.300 persons). Tasmania had the lowest net increase with 1,300 persons (see Table 2.2). For the most up-to-date official estimates of NOM by state and territory produced by the ABS, see Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0). For the most up-to-date forecasts of NOM produced by DIBP, see The Outlook for Net Overseas Migration: September 2014 at: http://www.immi.gov.au/media/publications/statistics/


2.2 NOM, Selected characteristics - State & territory - 2013-14(a)

NOM
NOM ARRIVALS
NOM DEPARTURES
Overseas arrivals
Median age
Sex ratio(b)
Overseas departures
Median age
Sex ratio(b)
State or territory
no.
%
no.
years
ratio
no.
years
ratio

NSW
73 300
34.5
166 227
27.2
99.4
92 927
29.1
102.9
Vic.
59 358
27.9
124 867
26.1
99.5
65 509
28.2
102.9
Qld
30 270
14.2
87 253
26.2
100.3
56 983
28.3
106.1
SA
11 166
5.2
23 424
26.2
100.0
12 258
27.7
106.5
WA
32 270
15.2
71 096
27.2
103.3
38 826
28.9
118.7
Tas.
1 322
0.6
3 809
26.9
97.1
2 487
28.6
104.4
NT
2 983
1.4
7 598
27.8
118.0
4 615
29.4
152.9
ACT
2 017
0.9
8 148
27.4
106.4
6 131
28.6
104.4
Australia(c)
212 695
100.0
492 436
26.7
100.5
279 741
28.6
106.5

(a) Estimates are preliminary - see paragraph 9 of the Explanatory Notes.
(b) Males per 100 females.
(c) Includes Other Territories.


An individual's actual travel behaviour and associated characteristics, including visa type, are only available from final NOM data, as these can only be accurately determined at the end of the 16 month reference period following a traveller's initial border crossing.

The DIBP manages and grants visas each year in accordance with relevant legislation, government planning and policy. It is important to note that there is a difference between when and how many visas are granted by DIBP; and when and how they may impact on NOM, and therefore Australia's estimated resident population (ERP). For example, for many visas there can be a lag between a visa being granted and the actual use of that visa by the applicant on entering Australia. Also, some travellers who have been granted permanent or long-term temporary visas may end up staying in Australia for a short period of stay or not at all. In addition, travellers may also apply for, and be granted, a different visa whilst in Australia or overseas. However, without an additional border crossing within the reference quarter to capture a traveller's change of visa, the NOM system is unable to show these occurrences.

Table 2.3 shows a breakdown of the types of visa groups which have contributed to final NOM. It shows that temporary visa holders are still the main contributors to NOM in the 2012 calendar year.


2.3 NOM, by major groupings and visa(a) - Australia - 2012

NOM ARRIVAL
NOM DEPARTURE
NOM
Major groupings and visa
no.
%
no.
%
no.
%

Temporary visas
242 449
49.2
118 394
46.3
124 055
52.2
Vocational education and training sector
9 334
1.9
8 188
3.2
1 146
0.5
Higher education sector
48 242
9.8
29 536
11.6
18 706
7.9
Student other
21 286
4.3
8 274
3.2
13 012
5.5
Temporary work skilled (subclass 457)
48 995
9.9
16 063
6.3
32 932
13.9
Visitor(b)
48 973
9.9
16 166
6.3
32 807
13.8
Working holiday
57 780
11.7
18 757
7.3
39 023
16.4
Other temporary visas
7 839
1.6
21 410
8.4
-13 571
-5.7
Permanent Visas
85 955
17.4
19 098
7.5
66 857
28.2
Family
34 503
7.0
5 643
2.2
28 860
12.2
Skill
40 607
8.2
7 808
3.1
32 799
13.8
Special eligibility and humanitarian
6 150
1.2
166
0.1
5 984
2.5
Other permanent visas
4 695
1.0
5 481
2.1
-786
-0.3
New Zealand citizen (subclass 444)
60 820
12.3
18 979
7.4
41 841
17.6
Australian citizen
79 062
16.0
85 318
33.4
-6 256
-2.6
Other(c)
24 803
5.0
13 864
5.4
10 939
4.6
Total
493 089
100.0
255 653
100.0
237 436
100.0

(a) The visa category information in this table represents the number of visas based on the visa type at the time of a traveller's specific movement. It is this specific movement that has been used to calculate NOM. Therefore, the number of visas in this table should not be confused with information on the number of visas granted by DIBP.
(b) Visitor visas include tourists, business visitors, medical treatment and other.
(c) Includes residents returning (i.e. non Australian citizens who have a permanent resident visa) and visa unknown.