3310.0 - Marriages and Divorces, Australia, 2014  
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DIVORCES


NUMBER OF DIVORCES

In 2014, there were 46,498 divorces granted in Australia, a decrease of 1,140 (2.4%) from the 47,638 divorces granted in 2013.

2.1 Total divorces granted, Australia, 1994–2014
2.1 Total divorces granted, Australia, 1994–2014



CRUDE DIVORCE RATE

The crude divorce rate is calculated as the number of divorces granted during a calendar year per 1,000 estimated resident population at 30 June of the same year. Refer to the Glossary and Explanatory Notes 32 and 37 for further information.

In 2014, the crude divorce rate in Australia was 2.0 divorces per 1,000 estimated resident population, a decrease from 2.1 divorces per 1,000 estimated resident population reported for 2013.

2.2 Crude divorce rates, Australia, 1994–2014
2.2 Crude divorce rates, Australia, 1994–2014



AGE AT MARRIAGE, SEPARATION AND DIVORCE

Overall, males granted a divorce in 2014 tended to be older than females at marriage, separation and divorce.

More than half (58.6%) of the females granted a divorce in 2014 were under 45 years of age at divorce compared with 49.1% of males.


2.3 Age at divorce, Australia, 2014
2.3 Age at divorce, Australia, 2014


People between 40-44 years of age had the highest percentage of divorces granted, with 16.4% of males and 17.5% of females being granted a divorce falling in that age group in 2014.

The median age at marriage for males divorcing in 2014 was 28.9 years, compared with 26.4 years for females. Median age at separation for males granted a divorce in 2014 was 41.7 years, whereas the median age for females was 39.0 years. In 2014, the median age of males at divorce was 45.2 years and 42.5 years for females.


2.4 Median age at divorce, Australia, 1994–2014
2.4 Median age at divorce, Australia, 1994–2014


The median age at divorce has been increasing for both males and females over the past 20 years. This trend continued from 2013 to 2014, with the median age at divorce for males increasing from 44.8 to 45.2, and that for females increasing from 42.2 to 42.5.


AGE-SPECIFIC DIVORCE RATES

Age-specific divorce rates can provide a more detailed picture of the ages at which people are granted a divorce. These rates give an indication of the proportion of all males or females in a particular age group granted a divorce per 1,000 estimated resident population of the same age group. More information regarding the calculation of age-specific divorce rates is provided in the Glossary and Explanatory Notes 38-40 and 45.

In 2014, the divorce rate decreased for both males and females in every age group except for people aged 60 and over. The age-specific divorce rates were highest for males in the 45-49 years age group at 9.3 divorces per 1,000 estimated resident population, while it was also high for males in the 40-44 years age group (9.2 per 1,000 estimated resident population). The age-specific divorce rate was highest for females in the 40-44 years age group (9.7 divorces per 1,000 estimated resident population), with both the 35-39 years and 45-49 years age groups also recording higher divorce rates at 8.8 and 9.0 divorces per 1,000 estimated resident population respectively.

2.5 Age-specific divorce rates(a), Australia, Selected years, 1994–2014

Age group (years)
1994
2004
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014

MALES
24 and under
0.8
0.4
0.3
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
25–29
8.0
4.9
3.7
3.9
3.9
3.7
3.4
30–34
12.7
10.2
7.7
7.3
7.4
6.9
6.5
35–39
13.1
12.6
10.2
9.3
9.4
8.7
8.0
40–44
12.5
12.3
10.7
10.3
10.4
9.6
9.2
45–49
11.0
11.6
10.5
9.8
10.0
9.5
9.3
50–54
8.5
9.6
8.9
8.8
8.9
8.3
8.2
55–59
5.5
6.9
6.6
6.6
6.6
6.5
6.4
60–64
3.3
4.5
4.6
4.4
4.7
4.5
4.5
65 and over
1.3
1.6
1.7
1.5
1.7
1.7
1.7

FEMALES
24 and under
2.0
1.0
0.9
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
25–29
12.0
8.0
6.1
6.0
6.1
5.7
5.2
30–34
13.7
12.5
9.2
8.7
8.8
8.3
7.9
35–39
13.0
13.0
11.0
10.1
10.3
9.3
8.8
40–44
11.7
12.2
10.9
10.5
10.7
9.9
9.7
45–49
9.4
10.5
9.8
9.5
9.5
9.3
9.0
50–54
6.3
7.6
7.3
7.2
7.5
7.1
6.9
55–59
3.3
4.7
4.8
4.6
4.9
4.7
4.6
60–64
1.8
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.9
2.8
2.8
65 and over
0.4
0.6
0.7
0.6
0.7
0.7
0.7

(a) Number of divorces per 1,000 estimated resident population at 30 June for each reference year respectively. See Glossary and Explanatory Notes 36–42 for further information.


DIVORCES INVOLVING CHILDREN


In 2014, there were 21,840 divorces involving children under 18 years of age. This represents 47.0% of all divorces granted.


2.6 Proportion of divorces involving children, Australia, 1994–2014(a)
2.6 Proportion of divorces involving children, Australia, 1994–2014(a)
(a) Proportion estimated in 1995 due to unavailability of data.



The number of children affected by divorce has decreased from 41,747 in 2013 to 40,152 in 2014. The average number of children for divorces involving children remains at 1.8 children per divorce.


LENGTH OF MARRIAGE OF DIVORCING COUPLES

The median duration of marriage to divorce increased from 10.9 years in 1994 to a peak of 12.6 years in 2005. Since 2005, it has slowly decreased to a median duration of marriage to divorce of 12.0 years in 2014.


2.7 Median duration to separation and divorce, Australia, 1994–2014
2.7 Median duration to separation and divorce, Australia, 1994–2014



Similarly, the median duration of marriage to separation increased from 7.6 years in 1994 to a peak of 8.9 years in 2006. In 2014, the median duration of marriage to separation was 8.4 years.


APPLICANT FOR DIVORCE

Over the last 20 years, the proportion of joint applications for divorce has been increasing, while the proportion of applications by one applicant has decreased. In 2010, the number of joint applications outnumbered male applications and female applications for the first time. In 2014, the proportion of joint applications increased again and remains the highest applicant type at 41.5% of all applications.


2.8 Type of divorce applicant, Australia, 1994–2014
2.8 Type of divorce applicant, Australia, 1994–2014


STATE AND TERRITORY DATA

Divorce statistics in this publication are presented by the state or territory where the court granting divorce was located, rather than the state or territory of usual residence of the applicants. The ABS advises caution in the interpretation of data at a state or territory level as applicants for divorce may apply through their nearest court rather than a court in their state or territory of usual residence. For further information refer to Explanatory Notes 25, 30-35.

In 2014, the number of divorces granted in all states and territories decreased compared with 2013, with the exception of Victoria where the number of divorces granted increased by 48 (0.4%) and Tasmania with an increase of 37 (3.8%). The largest decrease occurred in Western Australia with 750 (14.2%) fewer divorces than in 2013.

2.9 Number of divorces, States and territories(a), Selected years, 1994-2014

NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

1994
13,999
11,320
9,762
4,192
5,024
1,544
400
2,071
48,312
2004
15,007
12,544
13,279
4,147
4,337
1,404
434
1,595
52,747
2009
14,617
12,160
11,174
3,663
4,767
1,215
433
1,419
49,448
2010
14,655
12,368
11,418
3,849
4,835
1,257
429
1,429
50,240
2011
13,917
12,271
11,393
3,506
5,020
1,096
351
1,381
48,935
2012
14,607
12,483
11,317
3,511
5,073
1,161
391
1,374
49,917
2013
13,820
11,663
10,861
3,343
5,268
972
379
1,332
47,638
2014
13,706
11,711
10,699
3,211
4,518
1,009
366
1,278
46,498

(a) Divorces are presented by the state or territory where the court granting divorce was located, rather than the state or territory of usual residence of the applicants. The ABS advises caution in the interpretation and comparison of data at a state or territory level. See Explanatory Notes 25, 30–35 for more information.

Australian Capital Territory had the highest crude divorce rate of 3.3 divorces per 1,000 estimated resident population, while the Northern Territory had the lowest divorce rate at 1.5 per 1,000 estimated resident population.

Tasmania and Queensland reported the highest proportion of all divorces involving children, at 51.8% and 50.2% respectively. New South Wales (44.5%) and Victoria (45.4%) reported the lowest proportion of divorces involving children.

South Australia, Tasmania and Australian Capital Territory had the highest median ages at divorce for males and females in 2014. The median age at divorce for males was 46.5 years in South Australia and 45.9 years in Tasmania and in Australian Capital Territory. For females, the median age at divorce was 43.5 years in South Australia and 43.3 years in Tasmania and Australian Capital Territory.

Median length of marriage prior to divorce was highest in South Australia (13.1 years) followed by Tasmania (13.0 years), while New South Wales (at 11.1 years) had the shortest median length of marriage to divorce.

In 2014, all states and territories except Tasmania recorded more joint applications for divorce than male applications or female applications.


2.10 Selected divorce indicators, States and territories(a), 2014

NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Divorces granted no.
13,706
11,711
10,699
3,211
4,518
1,009
366
1,278
46,498
Crude divorce rate(d)
1.8
2.0
2.3
1.9
1.8
2.0
1.5
3.3
2.0
Divorces involving children(e)
Proportion of all divorces %
44.5
45.4
50.2
49.1
48.0
51.8
48.9
47.3
47.0
Average number of children per divorce(f) no.
1.8
1.8
1.9
1.9
1.9
2.0
1.9
1.8
1.8
Median age at divorce
Malesyears
44.6
44.9
45.6
46.5
45.7
45.9
44.9
45.9
45.2
Femalesyears
41.8
42.4
42.9
43.5
42.9
43.3
42.0
43.3
42.5
Median length of marriage
To separationyears
7.5
8.3
9
9.7
8.8
9.3
7.6
9.1
8.4
To divorceyears
11.1
11.8
12.7
13.1
12.4
13.0
11.4
12.5
12.0
Applicant(g)
Male no.
3,544
3,205
2,685
853
1,111
298
87
307
12,090
Female no.
4,292
4,119
3,415
1,159
1,307
393
80
362
15,127
Joint no.
5,870
4,387
4,599
1,199
2,100
318
199
609
19,281

(a) Divorces are presented by the state/territory location of the court granting divorce rather than usual residence, and as such caution should be taken in comparing divorce numbers with the populations of each state/territory. See Explanatory Notes 20-25 for more information.
(b) Rates for the Australian Capital Territory are not published due to the high proportion of applicants from south-eastern New South Wales and Victoria who apply for divorce through Australian Capital Territory courts. See Explanatory Note 32 for more information.
(c) The total may be greater than the sum of its components as it includes divorces granted where the state/territory of registration was not available.
(d) Per 1,000 estimated resident population at 30 June. See Glossary and Explanatory Notes 36–42 for more information.
(e) Unmarried children of the marriage who were aged under 18 years at the time of application for divorce. See Glossary for more information.
(f) Excludes divorces not involving children.
(g) Excludes divorces where type of applicant is not stated.