POPULATION GROWTH RATES
Between 1992 and 2000, Australia and New Zealand both experienced average annual population growth rates of 1.1%. While Australia's population growth rate was relatively steady over this period, New Zealand's growth rate declined from 1.6% in 1995-96 to 0.5% in 1998-99, largely because of declining levels of net overseas migration.
Within Australia, for the year ended March 2001, Queensland recorded the highest growth rate (1.7%) while Tasmania's growth rate was negative (0.1%). The national annual growth rate was 1.2%. Because ABS has yet to receive relevant data, the preliminary estimate of net overseas migration for March Quarter 2001 (26,800) is an assumption consistent with the medium net overseas migration assumption included in Population Projections, Australia, 1999-2101 (ABS Cat. no. 3222.0). Because net overseas migration is assumed, the resident population at 31 March 2001 is a projection (19.3 million).
Further information is available in Australian Demographic Statistics, March Quarter 2001 (Cat. no. 3101.0) released on 20 September 2001. This issue also contains a special article, Populations of Australia and New Zealand: a comparison and a listing of the contents of the recently released electronic time series, Australian Historical Population Statistics.