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MAIN FEATURES COMMENTARY
COMPONENTS OF POPULATION CHANGE
The growth of Australia's population has two components: natural increase (the number of births minus the number of deaths) and net overseas migration (NOM).
The contribution to population growth for the year ended 30 June 2013 was higher for net overseas migration (60%) than for natural increase (40%). The contribution of NOM to population growth for the year ending 30 June 2013 increased from 59% for the year ending 30 June 2012 whilst the contribution of natural increase to population growth decreased from 41% over the same period.
Estimated Natural increase for the year ended 30 June 2013 was 162,700 people, an increase of 2.4%, or 3,800 people, when compared with natural increase for the year ended 30 June 2012 (158,800 people).
The preliminary estimate of births for the year ended 30 June 2013 (311,400 births) was 1.8%, or 5,400 births, higher than the figure for the year ended 30 June 2012 (306,000 births).
The preliminary estimate of deaths for the year ended 30 June 2013 (148,800 deaths) was 1.1%, or 1,600 deaths, higher than the figure for the year ended 30 June 2012 (147,200 deaths).
Net Overseas Migration
For the year ended 30 June 2013, Australia's preliminary net overseas migration (NOM) estimate was 244,400 people. This was 8.6% (19,300 people) higher than the net overseas migration estimated for the year ended 30 June 2012 (225,100 people).
NOM arrivals increased by 6.2% (29,900 people) between the years ended 30 June 2012 (478,800 people) and 30 June 2013 (508,700 people).
NOM departures increased by 4.2% (10,600 people) between the years ended 30 June 2012 (253,700 people) and 30 June 2013 (264,300 people).
The preliminary net overseas migration estimate for the June quarter 2013 (52,200 people) was 11.4% (5,400 people) higher than the estimate for the June quarter 2012 (46,800 people).
STATES AND TERRITORIES: POPULATION AND GROWTH
The estimated resident population for each state and territory at 30 June 2013 was as follows:
All states and territories recorded positive population growth in the year ended 30 June 2013. Western Australia continued to record the fastest growth rate of all states and territories at 3.3%. Tasmania recorded the slowest growth rate at 0.2%.
COMPONENTS OF POPULATION CHANGE
At the state and territory level, population growth has three components: natural increase, net overseas migration and net interstate migration.
Although all states and territories experienced positive population growth in the year ended 30 June 2013, the proportion that each of these components contributed to population growth varied between the states and territories.
For the year ended 30 June 2013, natural increase was the major component of population change in the Australian Capital Territory and Tasmania. Net overseas migration was the major component of population change in New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and the Northern Territory. A net interstate migration loss was the highest contributor to population change in Tasmania. Net interstate migration losses were also recorded in New South Wales, South Australia and the Northern Territory.
The total number of births registered for the year ended 30 June 2013 increased in all states and territories when compared to the previous year, except for Tasmania (which decreased by 4.2%). The largest percentage increase of registered births were recorded in Western Australia at 5.1% (an increase of 1,680 births). This was followed by the Australian Capital Territory (2.2%), New South Wales (2.0%), Victoria (1.9%), the Northern Territory (1.2%), Queensland (0.7%) and South Australia (0.4%). For more information, see table 13.
The total number of deaths registered for the year ended 30 June 2013 increased for all states and territories, except for the Australian Capital Territory (where it decreased 1.7%) and Victoria (decreased 1.4%), when compared with the previous year. The largest percentage increase was in Tasmania, where there was an increase of 190 deaths between the year ended 30 June 2013 and the previous year (4.4%). For more information, see table 14.
Estimates of births and deaths are subject to fluctuations caused by lags or accumulations in the reporting of birth and death registrations (for more information see paragraphs 10-11 of the Explanatory Notes).
Net Overseas Migration
All states and territories recorded both positive and increased net overseas migration (NOM) when compared to the previous year ended 30 June 2012. New South Wales recorded the largest numerical increase of 10,800 people (19.0%) and Western Australia recorded the smallest numerical and percentage increase at 0.2% (100 people). The Northern Territory recorded the largest percentage increase at 27.1% (700 people). For more information, see table 16.
When compared to the year ended 30 June 2012, all states and territories recorded increases in NOM arrivals. The largest percentage increase was recorded by the Northern Territory at 16.2% (1,000 people). South Australia recorded the smallest percentage increase of 2.2% (500 people). For more information, see table 16.
When compared to the year ended 30 June 2012, all states and territories recorded increases in NOM departures. The largest percentage increase was recorded by Western Australia at 11.4% (3,400 people). Tasmania recorded the smallest percentage increase of 2.0% (50 people). For more information, see table 16.
Net Interstate Migration
Queensland recorded the highest gains from net interstate migration (NIM) for the year ended 30 June 2013 (9,500 people), followed by Western Australia (8,000 people). Other states and territories which recorded net gains were Victoria (4,700 people) and the Australian Capital Territory (1,600 people). Net losses from interstate migration were recorded in New South Wales (15,500 people), South Australia (4,200 people), Tasmania (2,200 people) and the Northern Territory (1,800 people). For more information, see table 19.
For the 12 months ended 30 June 2013, Australia's population growth rate of 1.8% was above that of the world at 1.2%. Australia is growing at a faster rate than most countries including the Philippines (1.7%), Malaysia (1.6%), India and Indonesia (both 1.2%), Canada, New Zealand and Viet Nam (all 1.0%), Hong Kong (SAR of China) and the United States of America (both 0.8%), South Africa (0.7%), China, France, Sweden and the United Kingdom (all 0.6%), Republic of Korea (0.5%), and Italy (0.2%). Greece experienced no growth (0.0%) and Japan experienced a decrease in population growth (-0.1%). Two countries that experienced faster growth than Australia were Singapore (2.0%) and Papua New Guinea (2.2%). According to figures from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Australia's population ranked 51st in 2013 (holding the same rank as in 2012) and is projected to rank 55th by 2050. By 2050, India is projected to have displaced China as the most populous country with 1.62 billion people compared with 1.39 billion in China.
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