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2016.1 - Census of Population and Housing: Selected Characteristics for Urban Centres and Localities, New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory, 1996  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 29/01/1998   
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AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY




PREFACE

This document contains data from the 1996 Census of Population and Housing, and describes the characteristics of people in the Australian Capital Territory and their housing arrangements. It is just a sample of what is available in the publication series Census of Population and Housing: Selected Characteristics for Urban Centres and Localities (Cat nos 2016.0-7), available for each State and Territory, and nationally.

The data presented in this document relate to where people were counted on census night, and therefore data for each geographical area includes visitors to that area but exclude those people who were away on census night. The document uses both the Urban Centre/Locality (UC/L) and the Section of State (SOS) geographic classifications which classify areas according to size of the population. Whilst the UC/L classification covers only part of the State or Territory, the SOS classification covers the State or Territory in its entirety.

This document presents only a selection of data from the full range of census variables. For further information about other census or Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data refer to the Directory of Census Statistics, 1996 or elsewhere on this site. Concepts and definitions used in this document, including UC/L and SOS, are explained in the Explanatory Notes and more detailed information is available in the Census Dictionary, 1996 (Cat. no. 2901.0)

The ABS draws extensively on information provided freely by individuals, businesses, governments and other organisations. Their continued cooperation is very much appreciated: without it, the wide range of statistics published by the ABS would not be available. Information received by the ABS is treated in strict confidence as required by the Census and Statistics Act 1905.



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
        POPULATION AND HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS
            The 1996 Census of Population and Housing counted 299,243 people in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) on census night, representing a growth of 7.1% in the ACT's population count since 1991(279,323). In 1996, 99.3% (297,034) of the people counted in the ACT were in the Major Urban area, which consisted solely of Canberra-Queanbeyan (Canberra Part) (98.9% in 1991).

            The ACT's age structure was relatively stable with 22.6% of the people aged 0-14 years, and 7.1% aged 65 years or more, compared to 24.1% and 6.1% in 1991.

            In 1996, 74.3% of the people stated that they were Australian-born, 7.6% were born in the UK, Ireland or NZ and 14.8% were born in other countries.

            The number of people who reported being of Indigenous origin, increased by 82.2% between 1991 and 1996, from 1,592 to 2,900. This represented an increase from 0.6% to 1.0% of the total ACT population.

            Over half (57.4%) of all family households had at least one dependent child, a decrease from 62.1% in 1991. Between 1991 to 1996, the number of family households with dependent children increased slightly, from 42,869 households to 43,547.

            Over the same time period, the number of lone person households increased by 42.4%, from 15,700 households in 1991 to 22,353. This represented an increase from 16.9% of all households in 1991 to 21.0%.

        LABOUR FORCE CHARACTERISTICS (For persons aged 15 years and over)
            There were 149,415 employed people in the ACT. The unemployment rate for those aged 15 years and over was 7.3% for both census years, whilst that for the population aged 15-24 years was 14.6% in 1996 and 14.7% in 1991.

            Just under a half (47.7%) of the employed people in the ACT worked in the industries of Government administration and defence, Retail trade and Property and business services - the top three employing industries for the Territory (47.1% in 1991). Between 1991 and 1996, the proportion of people employed in the private sector increased from 47.1% to 52.1%. Of all employed people, 37.1% were Managers and administrators or Professionals.

        OCCUPIED PRIVATE DWELLINGS
            Almost one-third (29.5%) of the occupied private dwellings counted in the ACT were fully owned by their occupants, with another 34.5% being purchased and 32.9% being rented. Compared with 1991, these figures represent an increase in the proportion of owner-occupied households (from 24.9%), and decreases in the proportions of dwellings being purchased and being rented (from 38.3% and 32.8% respectively).

            The median weekly household income in 1996 was $904, an increase of 7.1% over the 1991 median ($844).

            Between 1991 and 1996, the median weekly rent payment for the Territory increased by 5.6%, from $142 to $150. Over the same time period, the median housing loan repayment increased by 45.6%, from $634 to $923 per month.

Labour Force Characteristics, Persons Aged 15 Years and Over
Section of State

        EMPLOYED PERSONS (a)
UNEMPLOY-
MENT RATES
Full-time males
Full-time females
Part-time males
Part-time females
Total persons(b)
Emp-
loyed in private sector
Managers & admini-
strators; Profess-
ionals
Labourers
& related workers
Manufac-
turing; Retail; Property and business services
Aged
15–24 years
Aged 15 years or more
    Section of State
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.
%
no.
no.
no.
%
%
    1996
    ACT Major Urban
61,356
38,921
14,937
29,534
148,277
52.0
55,026
6,222
70,749
14.6
7.3
    ACT Other Urban
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    ACT Bounded Locality
67
34
20
52
173
64.9
64
6
78
19.4
6.0
    ACT Rural Balance
502
230
94
113
965
56.2
320
75
408
18.3
9.7
    ACT Migratory
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Total
61,925
39,185
15,051
29,699
149,415
52.1
55,410
6,303
71,235
14.6
7.3
    1991
    ACT Major Urban
60,439
35,865
10,915
24,389
137,420
47.1
46,121
6,249
64,735
14.7
7.4
    ACT Other Urban
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    ACT Bounded Locality
75
31
6
35
156
62.2
47
9
69
4.3
4.9
    ACT Rural Balance
760
414
120
228
1,597
50.1
431
144
677
10.0
6.7
    Migratory
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
    Total
61,274
36,310
11,041
24,652
139,173
47.1
46,599
6,402
65,481
14.7
7.3
          (a) For census purposes, people who stated they were employed, but worked zero hours in the week prior to census night have been coded to 'part time'.
          (b) Includes people who did not state the number of hours worked.

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