Australian Bureau of Statistics
4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 1998
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 03/06/1998
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Definitions and references
Age pensioners - people receiving full or partial age pension excluding associated wife's or carer's pension. Between 1 July 1995 and 2012, the qualifying age for age pension eligibility for women is gradually being raised from 60 to 65 years. At 30 June 1997 the qualifying age for women was 60.5 years.
Aged - population meeting age criteria for the age pension at 1 July 1995 (men 65 and over and women 60 and over).
Consumer price index - a measure of change over time in the retail price of a constant basket of goods and services which is representative of consumption patterns of employee households in metropolitan areas.
Disability support pensioners - persons receiving a pension due to a physical, intellectual or psychiatric impairment of 20% or more, resulting in a continuing inability to work or be retrained to work 30 hours or more per week within the next two years.
Disposable income - gross income less personal income tax (including the Medicare levy).
Employees - all wage and salary earners who received pay for any part of the reference period.
Equivalent income - disposable income adjusted, using simplified Henderson equivalence scales, to allow comparison between different types of income units. The scales reflect assumptions about how different characteristics e.g. size and composition, relate to the amount of income different types of income units need to achieve an equivalent standard of living.
Female/male ratio of mean total full-time adult earnings
Full weekly benefit income received by a couple with two children - the maximum weekly social security benefit (including family allowances) available to an adult couple, with one child aged under 5 years and one child aged between 5 and 13 years. Excludes any rent assistance which may be available.
Full-time employees - employees who usually work 35 hours or more a week, or the agreed hours of a full-time employee.
GDP (gross domestic product) - an aggregate measure of the value of economic production in a year. The series used are the average (GDP(A)) based on 1989-90 prices and the income-based measure, (GDP(I)) calculated using current prices. All GDP figures refer to GDP(A) except where GDP(I) is specified.
GDP(I) spent on income support - special appropriations under the Social Security Act for income support as a proportion of GDP(I).
Gini coefficient - an index for measuring inequality of income distribution. The index, always between 0 and 1, is low for populations with relatively equal income distributions and high for populations with relatively unequal income distributions.
Gross income - cash receipts, that are of a regular and recurring nature, before tax or any other deductions are made.
Gross State product - a similar measure to GDP but based on State income estimates.
Household disposable income per capita - where household disposable income, as measured in the Australian National Accounts, is household income less income tax and other direct taxes, fees, fines etc. charged by the government, consumer debt interest and transfers overseas. The population used is the mean resident population for the financial year.
(cat. no. 5204.0); Australian National Accounts: State Accounts (cat. no. 5220.0).
Main income source from government payments - government pensions or allowances form the largest component of usual income.
Managerial employees - adult managerial, executive and professional employees who are in charge of a significant number of employees or have significant responsibilities in the conduct or operations of the organisation and who may not receive payment for overtime.
Mean total weekly earnings - average total weekly earnings of employees including ordinary time earnings plus overtime earnings.
Mean weekly ordinary time earnings of full-time non-managerial adults
Median weekly income - the level of weekly income at which half the income units have higher incomes and half have lower incomes.
Ordinary time - employee's agreed hours of work including annual leave, paid sick leave and long service leave.
Personal income tax as a proportion of taxable income - net income tax levied on individuals (including the Medicare levy minus rebates and other credits) expressed as a percentage of taxable income (i.e. gross income or profits minus allowable tax deductions).
Private final consumption expenditure per capita- expenditure on goods and services by persons and private non-profit institutions serving households. Includes personal expenditure on motor vehicles and other durable goods and the imputed rent of owner-occupied dwellings. Excludes the purchase and maintenance of dwellings by persons and capital expenditure by unincorporated businesses and non-profit institutions. Private final consumption expenditure per capita data are expressed in Australian dollars at constant 1989-90 prices and are based on the mean resident population of each year.
Share of gross/equivalent income going to top/bottom quintile - share of gross/equivalent income
received by the 20% of income units with the highest/lowest incomes.
Sole parent pensioners - recipients of the sole parent pension. In 1989, the supporting parent benefit and A class widow pensions were combined to form the sole parent pension. Figures prior to 1989 include these two pensions.
Unemployment allowees - the number of recipients of unemployment benefit prior to 1991 and of Job Search allowance, Newstart allowance and Youth Training allowance since then.
Wages and salaries as a main source of income - wages and salaries form the largest component of usual income.
Wages, salaries and supplements as a proportion of GDP(I) - includes wages, salaries and employer contributions to superannuation, lump sum workers compensation, termination and redundancy payments.
This page last updated 28 March 2006
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