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4156.0.55.002 - Value of Sport, Australia, 2013 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/10/2013  First Issue
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Contents >> Employment >> Census of Population and Housing

CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING

The Census collects detailed information about people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations and industries. However, the employment information relates to the main job in the week before Census and does not include second jobs, unpaid work, or people usually working in a sports and physical recreation occupation but 'between jobs' during the week before Census night. Some people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations will not have been recorded as such during the Census period because some types of sport and physical recreation work are seasonal in nature (e.g. cricket umpiring).


Employment in sport and physical recreation occupations

Of all people employed in the week prior to the 2011 Census, 1.0% had their main job in a sport and physical recreation occupation, the same proportion as in the 2006 Census. While the increase in employment in sport and physical recreation occupations between 2006 and 2011 was 21%, compared with an 11% increase for all occupations over the same period, in absolute terms this represented an increase from 79,156 persons in 2006 to 95,590 persons in 2011.

The sport and physical recreation occupations recording the largest numbers of people employed in 2011 were fitness instructors (21,514), greenkeepers (11,346), swimming coach or instructors (10,279), other sports coach or instructors (4,985) and stablehands (4,321).

There were only a few sport and physical recreation occupation groups that experienced a decline in numbers between 2006 and 2011. In percentage terms, the number of boat builders and repairers fell 33% and canvas goods fabricators fell 22%.

Of the 95,590 people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations, there were more men (58%) than women (42%). In comparison, of all employed people, 53% were male and 47% were female. Of people employed as either footballers or boat builders and repairers, 98% were male. In contrast, the majority of horse riding and gymnastic coaches or instructors (85% and 81% respectively) were female.

People employed in sport and physical recreation occupations had a younger age profile relative to all employed people. The 20 to 24 year age group had the largest number of people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations (18%). There were also considerably more younger workers (aged 15 to 24 years) employed in occupations such as sports umpires (92%), lifeguards (73%) and footballers (67%). By contrast, almost half (49%) of those employed as horse breeders were aged 50 years or over. Please see Table 3 of the data cube available in Employment in Sport and Recreation, Australia, August 2011 (cat. no. 4148.0) for more information on age profiles for sport and physical recreation occupations.

4.1 Employment in sport and physical recreation occupations(a), By sex - 2006 and 2011

2006 CENSUS
2011 CENSUS
Occupations
Males
Females
Persons
Males
Females
Persons

Boat Builder and Repairer
3 934
63
3 997
2 646
44
2 690
Bungy Jump Master
10
-
10
3
-
3
Canvas Goods Fabricator
419
316
735
320
251
571
Diving Instructor (Open Water)
394
148
542
401
165
566
Dog Handler or Trainer
326
249
575
430
409
839
Dog or Horse Racing Official
459
81
540
426
106
532
Fishing Guide
93
3
96
99
9
108
Fitness Centre Manager
749
914
1 663
1 174
1 344
2 518
Fitness Instructor
5 076
8 724
13 800
8 778
12 736
21 514
Footballer
1 440
13
1 453
1 584
25
1 609
Golfer
1 162
55
1 217
1 032
58
1 090
Greenkeeper
11 815
321
12 136
11 027
319
11 346
Gunsmith
172
6
178
199
4
203
Gymnastics Coach or Instructor
410
1 634
2 044
487
2 020
2 507
Horse Breeder
766
651
1 417
748
646
1 394
Horse Riding Coach or Instructor
77
528
605
105
592
697
Horse Trainer
1 967
797
2 764
2 072
1 034
3 106
Hunting Guide
-
-
-
4
-
4
Jockey
501
148
649
424
162
586
Lifeguard
1 687
907
2 594
2 271
1 271
3 542
Mountain or Glacier Guide
14
5
19
12
4
16
Other Sports Coach or Instructor
2 529
932
3 461
3 508
1 477
4 985
Other Sports Official
95
23
118
116
31
147
Outdoor Adventure Guides, nec(b)
149
61
210
225
121
346
Outdoor Adventure Instructor
519
313
832
847
536
1 383
Recreation Officer
773
1 288
2 061
741
1 098
1 839
Sail Maker
428
43
471
364
34
398
Snowsport Instructor
392
186
578
351
201
552
Sports Administrator
1 185
721
1 906
1 417
849
2 266
Sports and Personal Service Workers, nfd(c)
1 613
2 267
3 880
1 228
952
2 180
Sports Centre Manager
2 071
1 336
3 407
2 094
1 487
3 581
Sports Development Officer
559
339
898
719
354
1 073
Sports Umpire
1 804
579
2 383
2 490
803
3 293
Sportspersons, nec(d)
710
133
843
880
151
1 031
Stablehand
760
544
1 304
1 702
2 619
4 321
Swimming Coach or Instructor
1 607
5 977
7 584
2 434
7 845
10 279
Tennis Coach
1 677
468
2 145
1 946
479
2 425
Trekking Guide
6
4
10
16
8
24
Whitewater Rafting Guide
28
3
31
26
-
26
Total sport and physical recreation occupations(e)
48 376
30 780
79 156
55 346
40 244
95 590
Total employment
4 911 132
4 193 055
9 104 187
5 366 665
4 691 660
10 058 325

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) ANZSCO was used for the collection of ABS occupation data.
(b) Includes Outdoor adventure guides nec and Outdoor adventure guides nfd
(c) Includes Sports and personal services workers nfd, Sports and fitness workers nfd and Sports Coaches, Instructors and Officials nfd.
(d) Includes Sportspersons nec and Sportspersons nfd.
(e) Small cells or census data are randomly adjusted to protect confidentiality. There may be minor discrepancies between column and row totals in tables containing similar data.
Source: Employment in Sport and Recreation, Australia, August 2011 (cat. no. 4148.0).



Earnings and hours worked

The 2011 Census found that, compared with people employed in all occupations, people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations were more likely to be working part-time (i.e. less than 35 hours per week). Nearly two thirds (63%) of people employed in all occupations worked full-time (i.e. 35 hours and over). In comparison, only 43% of people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations worked full-time. Relatively large proportions of people employed as sports umpires (91%), swimming (86%) and gymnastics coaches (83%) worked part-time.

Please see Table 8 of the data cube available in Employment in Sport and Recreation, Australia, August 2011 (cat. no. 4148.0) for more information on hours worked by people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations.

4.2 Weekly hours worked profile of occupations(a) - August 2011
Graph: 4.2 Weekly hours worked profile of occupations(a)—August 2011


There was a higher percentage of people employed in all occupations (42%) with a weekly income of $1,000 or more compared with people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations (20%). This difference was also seen in 2006 with 12% of people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations earning $1,000 or more compared with 30% of all employed people. This lower income may be related to the higher incidence of part-time employment in sport and physical recreation occupations. Almost half (49%) of all people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations received a gross weekly income between $200 and $799.

4.3 Weekly income profile of occupations(a) - August 2011
Graph: 4.3 Weekly income profile of occupations(a)—August 2011


Of the 3,293 people who were employed as sports umpires, 86% received less than $200 income per week. Almost half (49%) of the 2,507 people employed as gymnastics coaches or instructors also received this income.

Over two thirds of those employed as Footballers (64%) and over half of those employed as Sports Administrators (54%) received $1,000 or more per week. This was higher than the rate for all employed persons (42%).

Please see Table 9 of the data cube available in Employment in Sport and Recreation, Australia, August 2011 (cat. no. 4148.0) for more information on income for sports and physical recreation occupations.


Sport and physical recreation activity in other industries and occupations

In order to completely capture sport employment in the 2011 Census, it is important to take into account that some people who work in sport occupations do not work in sport and recreation industries (e.g. a sports coach might work for an hotel resort). It is also important to consider that some people who work in sport and recreation industries do not work in sport occupations (e.g. a receptionist might work for a fitness centre).

Of the 80,481 people employed in non-sport and physical recreation occupations who were working in sport and physical recreation industries, 25,416 (32%) were employed in the Community and Personal Service Workers occupation group. Of these, 19,379 people worked in the Clubs (Hospitality) industry and 2,915 worked in the Venues, Grounds and Facilities Operation industry. Please see Table 10 of the data cube available in Employment in Sport and Recreation, Australia, August 2011 (cat. no. 4148.0) for more information on people employed in other occupations within sports and recreation industries.

Of the 53,274 people employed in sports and recreation occupations within other industries, 25,721 (48%) were employed in the Education and Training industry category. Of those who worked in sport and recreation occupations within this industry group, 6,336 were swimming coaches or instructors, 4,469 were fitness instructors and 3,192 were other sports coaches or instructors. Please see Table 11 of the data cube available in Employment in Sport and Recreation, Australia, August 2011 (cat. no. 4148.0) for more information on people employed in other industries who were employed in sports and recreation occupations.


Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours

The Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours collects information from a sample of employers about the earnings, hours and selected characteristics of their employees. The latest data available are in respect of May 2012 and are summarised in the ABS (2013c) publication Employee Earnings and Hours, Australia, May 2012 (cat. no. 6306.0). The scope of the survey is all employing businesses in Australia (public and private sectors) except businesses primarily engaged in agriculture, forestry and fishing; private households employing staff; and foreign embassies, consulates. Self-employed people are excluded if they do not employ any wage or salary earners. Further, employees are only considered to be in scope for this survey if they received pay in the last pay period ending on or before 21 May 2012. Employees are out of scope if, during the reference period, they were members of the Australian permanent defence forces; were based outside Australia; or were on workers' compensation and not paid through the payroll.

Information on employment in sport and physical recreation from the Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours differs from that obtained in the Census of Population and Housing in that the survey data refer to people employed in sport and physical recreation industries. Census data refer to people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations. A person can work in a sport industry but not be employed in a sport occupation. A cleaner employed at a racecourse is an example of a non-sport occupation within a sport industry. Information collected in the Census also refers to employment in the main job and excludes second and other jobs.

In 2012 businesses were classified to a sports and physical recreation industry in accordance with Group 911 and Group 912 of the ABS (2008b) Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 (cat. no. 1292.0). Group 911 Sports and Physical Recreation Activities and Group 912 Horse and Dog racing facilities are part of Division R Arts and Recreation Services. Included in Group 911 is Health and fitness centres and gymnasia operation, Sports and physical recreation clubs and sports professionals, Sports and physical recreation venues, grounds and facilities operation, and Sports and physical recreation administrative services. Included in 912 is Horse and dog racing administration and track operation, and Other horse and dog racing facilities.

The average weekly total cash earnings of people employed in sport and physical recreation industries in May 2012 was $658.80. This was 59% of the average total cash earnings for people employed in all industries ($1,122.60).

Average weekly total cash earnings for females were lower than for males. For all employees in sport and physical recreation industries, male earnings were $869.20 compared with $486.80 for females. Full-time adult male employees received weekly total cash earnings of an average $1,425.40 compared with $1,040.60 for full-time adult females, while part-time male and female employees earned an average of $332.90 and $297.60 per week respectively.

4.4 Persons employed in sport and physical recreation industries(a), Average weekly earnings(b) - By sex and full-time/part-time status - 2010 and 2012(c)

May 2010
May 2012
Average weekly ordinary time cash earnings
Average weekly total cash earnings
Average weekly ordinary time cash earnings
Average weekly total cash earnings
$
$
$
$

Sports and physical recreation industries(a)

Males
Full-time
1 218.60
1 232.60
1 399.70
1 425.40
Part-time
254.10
257.00
327.50
332.90
Total
635.00
642.30
853.90
869.20
Females
Full-time
938.30
956.60
1 006.90
1 040.60
Part-time
285.20
285.80
293.80
297.60
Total
474.70
480.40
475.40
486.80
Persons
Full-time
1 096.20
1 112.00
1 247.30
1 276.10
Part-time
271.30
272.90
305.90
310.30
Total
552.70
559.20
645.70
658.80

All industries(d)

Persons
Full-time
1 265.30
1 313.30
1 386.33
1 452.00
Part-time
479.90
488.80
548.17
560.00
Total
976.70
1 010.30
1 076.86
1 122.60

(a) Combined Industry groups 911 Sports and Physical Recreation Activities and 912 Horse and Dog Racing Activities.
(b) As this data is based on information relating to a sample of employers and employees for each year, rather than a full enumeration, they are subject to sample variability. That is, they may vary from the estimates that would have been produced if the information had been obtained from all employers and all employees. The figures produced at this fine level of disaggregation show volatility due to the sample design.
(c) The Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours was not designed as a time series so caution should be exercised when comparing data between different years.
(d) Industry is classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006, ABS cat. no 1292.0.
Source: ABS data available on request, Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours.


Given the higher incidence of part-time employees in sport and physical recreation industries, the lower average weekly total cash earnings of people employed in these industries is not unexpected. However, the average weekly total cash earnings of full-time employees in sport and physical recreation industries was also less than the average for full-time employees across all industries ($1,276.10 compared with $1,452.00).

The average weekly total cash earnings of full-time employees in sport and physical recreation industries increased by 15% from $1,112.00 in May 2010 to $1,276.10 in May 2012. The corresponding increase for all full-time employees in all industries was 11% from $1,313.30 to $1,452.00. It is important to note however, that as the Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours was not designed as a time-series, caution should be exercised when comparing estimates between different years.





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