Australian Bureau of Statistics
4156.0.55.002 - Value of Sport, Australia, 2013 Quality Declaration
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/10/2013 Final
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CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING
Earnings and hours worked
The 2011 Census found that, compared with people employed in all occupations, people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations were more likely to be working part-time (i.e. less than 35 hours per week). Nearly two thirds (63%) of people employed in all occupations worked full-time (i.e. 35 hours and over). In comparison, only 43% of people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations worked full-time. Relatively large proportions of people employed as sports umpires (91%), swimming (86%) and gymnastics coaches (83%) worked part-time.
Please see Table 8 of the data cube available in Employment in Sport and Recreation, Australia, August 2011 (cat. no. 4148.0) for more information on hours worked by people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations.
There was a higher percentage of people employed in all occupations (42%) with a weekly income of $1,000 or more compared with people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations (20%). This difference was also seen in 2006 with 12% of people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations earning $1,000 or more compared with 30% of all employed people. This lower income may be related to the higher incidence of part-time employment in sport and physical recreation occupations. Almost half (49%) of all people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations received a gross weekly income between $200 and $799.
Of the 3,293 people who were employed as sports umpires, 86% received less than $200 income per week. Almost half (49%) of the 2,507 people employed as gymnastics coaches or instructors also received this income.
Over two thirds of those employed as Footballers (64%) and over half of those employed as Sports Administrators (54%) received $1,000 or more per week. This was higher than the rate for all employed persons (42%).
Please see Table 9 of the data cube available in Employment in Sport and Recreation, Australia, August 2011 (cat. no. 4148.0) for more information on income for sports and physical recreation occupations.
Sport and physical recreation activity in other industries and occupations
In order to completely capture sport employment in the 2011 Census, it is important to take into account that some people who work in sport occupations do not work in sport and recreation industries (e.g. a sports coach might work for an hotel resort). It is also important to consider that some people who work in sport and recreation industries do not work in sport occupations (e.g. a receptionist might work for a fitness centre).
Of the 80,481 people employed in non-sport and physical recreation occupations who were working in sport and physical recreation industries, 25,416 (32%) were employed in the Community and Personal Service Workers occupation group. Of these, 19,379 people worked in the Clubs (Hospitality) industry and 2,915 worked in the Venues, Grounds and Facilities Operation industry. Please see Table 10 of the data cube available in Employment in Sport and Recreation, Australia, August 2011 (cat. no. 4148.0) for more information on people employed in other occupations within sports and recreation industries.
Of the 53,274 people employed in sports and recreation occupations within other industries, 25,721 (48%) were employed in the Education and Training industry category. Of those who worked in sport and recreation occupations within this industry group, 6,336 were swimming coaches or instructors, 4,469 were fitness instructors and 3,192 were other sports coaches or instructors. Please see Table 11 of the data cube available in Employment in Sport and Recreation, Australia, August 2011 (cat. no. 4148.0) for more information on people employed in other industries who were employed in sports and recreation occupations.
Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours
The Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours collects information from a sample of employers about the earnings, hours and selected characteristics of their employees. The latest data available are in respect of May 2012 and are summarised in the ABS (2013c) publication Employee Earnings and Hours, Australia, May 2012 (cat. no. 6306.0). The scope of the survey is all employing businesses in Australia (public and private sectors) except businesses primarily engaged in agriculture, forestry and fishing; private households employing staff; and foreign embassies, consulates. Self-employed people are excluded if they do not employ any wage or salary earners. Further, employees are only considered to be in scope for this survey if they received pay in the last pay period ending on or before 21 May 2012. Employees are out of scope if, during the reference period, they were members of the Australian permanent defence forces; were based outside Australia; or were on workers' compensation and not paid through the payroll.
Information on employment in sport and physical recreation from the Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours differs from that obtained in the Census of Population and Housing in that the survey data refer to people employed in sport and physical recreation industries. Census data refer to people employed in sport and physical recreation occupations. A person can work in a sport industry but not be employed in a sport occupation. A cleaner employed at a racecourse is an example of a non-sport occupation within a sport industry. Information collected in the Census also refers to employment in the main job and excludes second and other jobs.
In 2012 businesses were classified to a sports and physical recreation industry in accordance with Group 911 and Group 912 of the ABS (2008b) Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 (cat. no. 1292.0). Group 911 Sports and Physical Recreation Activities and Group 912 Horse and Dog racing facilities are part of Division R Arts and Recreation Services. Included in Group 911 is Health and fitness centres and gymnasia operation, Sports and physical recreation clubs and sports professionals, Sports and physical recreation venues, grounds and facilities operation, and Sports and physical recreation administrative services. Included in 912 is Horse and dog racing administration and track operation, and Other horse and dog racing facilities.
The average weekly total cash earnings of people employed in sport and physical recreation industries in May 2012 was $658.80. This was 59% of the average total cash earnings for people employed in all industries ($1,122.60).
Average weekly total cash earnings for females were lower than for males. For all employees in sport and physical recreation industries, male earnings were $869.20 compared with $486.80 for females. Full-time adult male employees received weekly total cash earnings of an average $1,425.40 compared with $1,040.60 for full-time adult females, while part-time male and female employees earned an average of $332.90 and $297.60 per week respectively.
Given the higher incidence of part-time employees in sport and physical recreation industries, the lower average weekly total cash earnings of people employed in these industries is not unexpected. However, the average weekly total cash earnings of full-time employees in sport and physical recreation industries was also less than the average for full-time employees across all industries ($1,276.10 compared with $1,452.00).
The average weekly total cash earnings of full-time employees in sport and physical recreation industries increased by 15% from $1,112.00 in May 2010 to $1,276.10 in May 2012. The corresponding increase for all full-time employees in all industries was 11% from $1,313.30 to $1,452.00. It is important to note however, that as the Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours was not designed as a time-series, caution should be exercised when comparing estimates between different years.
This page last updated 23 October 2013
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