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8687.0 - Clubs, Pubs, Taverns and Bars, Australia, 2000-01  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/06/2002   
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INTRODUCTION

1 This publication presents results, in respect of the 2000-2001 financial year, from surveys conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) of organisations in the clubs, pubs, taverns and bars industries.


SCOPE

2 The scope of the surveys was all employing businesses classified, on the ABS Business Register, to the following two classes of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC):

  • Pubs, Taverns and Bars (ANZSIC 5720) consists of businesses (except licensed clubs) mainly engaged in selling alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises; and
  • Clubs (Hospitality) (ANZSIC 5740) consists of organisations mainly providing hospitality services to members. Thus, clubs whose main activity is the provision of sporting services are excluded from the scope of this survey.


COVERAGE

3 The frame used for the Clubs, Pubs, Taverns and Bars surveys, like most ABS economic surveys, was taken from the ABS Business Register. The ABS Business Register is primarily based on registrations to the Australian Taxation Office's Pay As You Go Withholding (PAYGW) scheme (and prior to 1 July 2000 the Group Employer (GE) scheme). The frame is updated quarterly to take account of new businesses and businesses which have ceased employing.

4 Businesses which have ceased employing are identified when the Australian Taxation Office cancels their PAYGW registration (or previously their GE registration). In addition, from July 1999, businesses which did not remit under the GE scheme for the previous five quarters were removed from the frame. A similar process will be adopted to remove businesses which do not remit under the PAYGW scheme. The changes resulted in a shift in the level of the Clubs and the Pubs, Taverns and Bars estimates. Historic data in this publication have been revised to take account of these changes.

5 The introduction of The New Tax System has a number of significant implications for ABS business statistics, and these are discussed in the information papers ABS Statistics And The New Tax System (ABS Cat. no. 1358.0) and Improvements in ABS Economic Statistics [Arising from The New Tax System] (ABS Cat. no. 1372.0).


IMPROVEMENTS TO COVERAGE

6 Data in this publication have been adjusted to allow for lags in processing new businesses to the ABS Business Register, and the omission of some businesses from the register. The majority of businesses affected and to which the adjustments apply, are small in size.

7 Adjustments have been made to include new businesses in the estimates in the periods in which they commenced operations, rather than when they were processed to the ABS Business Register.

8 Further adjustments have been made for businesses which had been in existence for several years, but, for various reasons, were not previously added to the ABS Business Register.

9 For more information on these adjustments, please refer to the ABS publication Information Paper: Improvements to ABS Economic Statistics, 1997 (Cat. no. 1357.0).


STATISTICAL UNIT

10 The unit for which statistics were reported in the survey was the management unit. The management unit is the highest-level accounting unit within a business, having regard for industry homogeneity, for which accounts are maintained. In nearly all cases it coincides with the legal entity owning the business (i.e. company, partnership, trust, sole operator, etc.). In the case of large diversified businesses, however, there may be more than one management unit, each coinciding with a 'division' or 'line of business'. A division or line of business is recognised where separate and comprehensive accounts are compiled for it.


REFERENCE PERIOD

11 Data contained in the tables in this publication relate to all pubs, taverns, bars and clubs within the survey scope (see paragraph 2) which operated in Australia at any time during the year ended June 2001. Counts of businesses and organisations include only those that were operating at 30 June 2001.


BUSINESSES CEASED DURING THE YEAR

12 A very small number of businesses ceased operations during the 2000-01 reference period. As is normal ABS procedure, the contributions of these establishments were included in the survey output.


RELIABILITY OF DATA

13 The estimates in this publication are subject to sampling and non-sampling error.

14 Since the estimates in this publication include information obtained from a sample drawn from units in the survey population, the estimates are subject to sampling variability, that is, they may differ from figures that would have been obtained if all units had been included in the survey. One measure of the likely difference is given by the standard error, which indicates the extent to which an estimate might have varied by chance because only a sample of units was included.

15 There are about two chances in three that a sample estimate will differ by less than one standard error from the figure that would have been obtained if a census had been conducted, and approximately 19 chances in 20 that the difference will be less than two standard errors.

16 Sampling variability can be measured by the relative standard error (RSE) which is obtained by expressing the standard error as a percentage of the estimate to which it refers. The RSE is a useful measure in that it provides an immediate indication of the percentage errors likely to have occurred due to sampling, and this avoids the need to refer also to the size of the estimate.

17 The following tables contain estimates of RSEs for a selection of the statistics presented in this publication.


Pubs, Taverns and Bars - Relative Standard Errors for
Table 1.1, Key Figures

All businesses
%

Businesses at end June 2001
1.8
Premises at end June - Capital cities and suburbs
4.1
Premises at end June - Non-metropolitan
3.3
Premises at end June - Total
1.8
Premises at end June - with poker/gaming machines
2.6
Premises at end June - with Keno
5.8
Premises at end June - with TAB betting facilities
4.3
Poker/gaming machines at end June 2001
3.5
Working proprietors and partners
6.7
Permanent employees
3.2
Casual employees
3.4
Employment at end June
2.7
Sale of liquor and other beverages
2.8
Gambling income
4.9
Takings from meals and food sales
4.4
Other Income
4.6
Total income
2.7
Labour costs
2.8
Gambling taxes/levies
6.5
Purchases
3.0
Other expenses
3.1
Total expenses
2.8
Operating profit before tax
6.0
Operating profit margin
5.5
Industry Value Added
2.9

Copyright Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2002


Clubs (Hospitality) - Relative Standard Errors for
Table 2.1, Key Figures

All organisations
%

Organisations at end June 2001
1.9
Premises at end June - Capital cities and suburbs
6.2
Premises at end June - Non-metropolitan
3.5
Premises at end June - Total
2.4
Premises at end June - with poker/gaming machines
2.7
Premises at end June - with Keno
3.8
Premises at end June - with TAB betting facilities
5.4
Poker/gaming machines at end June 2001
3.9
Permanent employees
3.2
Casual employees
3.3
Employment at end June
2.6
Sale of liquor and other beverages
2.6
Gambling income
4.0
Takings from meals and food sales
5.2
Other Income
4.1
Total Income
3.1
Labour costs
2.7
Gambling taxes/levies
4.6
Purchases
2.9
Other expenses
3.4
Total expenses
2.9
Operating surplus before tax
9.0
Operating profit margin
7.3
Industry Value Added
3.5

Copyright Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2002

18 As an example of the above, an estimate of total income for Pubs Taverns and Bars is $9,007m and the RSE is 2.7%, giving a standard error of $243m. Therefore there would be two chances in three that, if all units had been included in the survey, a figure in the range of $8,764m to $9,250m would have been obtained, and 19 chances in 20 that the figure would have been within the range of $8,521m to $9,493m (a confidence interval of 95%).

19 Where the RSE of an estimate included in this publication exceeds 25%, it has been annotated with an asterisk (*) as a warning to users. Where the RSE of an estimate exceeds 50%, it has been annotated with a double asterisk (**).

20 Errors other than those due to sampling may occur because of deficiencies in the list of units from which the sample was selected, non-responses, and imperfections in reporting by respondents. Inaccuracies of this kind are referred to as non-sampling errors and these may occur in any collection. Every effort has been made to reduce non-sampling error to a minimum by careful design and testing of questionnaires and systems used to compile the statistics.


RELEASE OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

21 As well as the statistics included in this publication, other unpublished data on the clubs, pubs, taverns and bars industries are also available on request. Such unpublished data would include:
a) more detailed data items by State and Territory;
b) selected ratios, by employment size.

For information on the provision of unpublished data please contact Ann Santo on 03 9615 7910.


ACKNOWLEDGMENT

22 ABS publications draw extensively on information provided freely by individuals, businesses, governments and other organisations. Their continued cooperation is very much appreciated; without it, the wide range of statistics published by the ABS would not be available. Information received by the ABS is treated in strict confidence as required by the Census and Statistics Act 1905.


RELATED PUBLICATIONS

23 This publication is one of a series to be issued in respect of 2000-01 for a range of hospitality, sporting, recreation and gambling services industries. Other publications in this series are:

Casinos, Australia, 2000-01 (cat. no. 8683.0) - issued 7 December 2001
Selected Amusement and Leisure Industries, Australia, 2000-01 (cat. no. 8688.0) - issued 30 April 2002
Gambling Industries, Australia, 2000-01(cat. no. 8684.0)
Sports Industries, Australia, 2000-01 (cat. no. 8686.0)
Accommodation Industry, Australia, 2000-01 (cat. no. 8695.0)


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