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8 R&D performed on an institution's campus by other legal entities (such as incorporated CRCs or university controlled entities) or employees of other organisations, is excluded from the survey. The R&D performed by these entities and their employees will be in scope of the relevant R&D sector (Business, Government or Private non-profit).
LOCATION OF R&D
9 Data shown in this release represent the main campus or head office location of the reporting institution, with the exception of the Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA) which is shown against the Australian Capital Territory.
AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND STANDARD RESEARCH CLASSIFICATION
10 Field of research, Socio-economic objective and Type of activity statistics presented in this release have been collected and compiled based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification (ANZSRC), 2008 (cat. no. 1297.0). Earlier issues of this release used the Australian Standard Research Classification (ASRC).
11 The ABS has not compiled previous cycle estimates on an ANZSRC basis or 2008 estimates on an ASRC basis. Previous cycle data compiled on an ASRC basis (including revised data for 2006) are available in the data cubes accompanying this release. See also the Comparability of Estimates Over Time section of the Technical Note.
DERIVED EXPENDITURE ESTIMATES
12 Total cost of R&D undertaken is equivalent to direct expenditure plus indirect (overhead) expenditure.
13 In compiling R&D statistics, institutions were asked to provide data on:
14 Institutions were also required to indicate whether overheads had been included in reported data. In cases where data did not include overheads, an estimate was calculated by either:
GROSS DOMESTIC AND GROSS STATE PRODUCT
15 In calculating HERD/Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and HERD/Gross State Product (GSP) ratios presented in this issue, the most recent GDP and GSP values available were used. These values are referenced in the tables below.
16 GDP is estimated by the ABS according to the recently updated international standards System of National Accounts, 2008 (2008 SNA) and is not directly comparable to GDP for countries where these standards have not been applied.
17 While statistics presented in this issue relate to the 2008 calendar year, financial year GDP and GSP data are used to ensure consistency with ratios to be published in Research and Experimental Development, All Sector Summary, Australia, 2008-09 (cat. no. 8112.0).
CHAIN VOLUME MEASURES
18 The chain volume measures appearing in this release are annually reweighted chain Laspeyres indexes referenced to the current price values in a chosen reference year (currently 2008). They can be thought of as current price values re-expressed in (i.e. based on) the prices of the previous year and linked together to form continuous time series. They are formed in a multi-stage process of which the major steps are described in Section 15 of the Information Paper: Australian National Accounts, Introduction of Chain Volume Measures and Price Indexes (cat. no. 5248.0).
19 Deflators used to calculate the chain volume measure of expenditure on R&D have been revised to: better capture changes in the unit value of labour used in the production of R&D services; and to increase and refine the number of products included in the deflators. This is the first issue of this release to present chain volume estimates calculated using the revised deflators.
20 Upcoming releases of R&D statistics include:
Research and Experimental Development, Businesses, Australia, 2008-09 (cat. no. 8104.0), scheduled for release 23 September 2010
Research and Experimental Development, All Sector Summary, Australia, 2008-09 (cat. no. 8112.0), scheduled for release 11 October 2010
OTHER RELATED RELEASES
21 Users may also wish to refer to the following ABS releases:
Innovation in Australian Business, 2006-07 (cat. no. 8158.0)
Microdata: Business Longitudinal Database, Expanded CURF, Australia, 2004-05, 2005-06 and 2006-07 (cat. no. 8168.0.55.001)
Selected Characteristics of Australian Businesses, 2007-08 (cat. no. 8167.0)
Summary of IT Use and Innovation in Australian Business, 2007-08 (cat. no. 8166.0)
22 Relevant OECD publications include:
The Measurement of Scientific and Technological Activities: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys of Research and Experimental Development - Frascati Manual 2002
23 Other information, including data cubes in spreadsheet format, relating to R&D and innovation can be found on the ABS website <www.abs.gov.au>. See the Innovation, Science and Technology theme page under Topics @ a Glance/Industry.
24 Where figures have been rounded, discrepancies may occur between the sum of the component items and totals.
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