Australian Bureau of Statistics
8109.0 - Research and Experimental Development, Government and Private Non-Profit Organisations, Australia, 2008-09 Quality Declaration
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 15/07/2010
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16 From the 2004-05 cycle of the ABS Survey of R&D, the scope for the government and PNP sectors has been based on the Standard Institutional Sector Classification of Australia (SISCA); more specifically, Sector 3 (General Government) and Sector 5 (Not-for-profit Institutions Serving Households).
17 Some information about SISCA Sector 3 and Sector 5 is provided below. For further details about the ABS sector classifications, refer to Standard Economic Sector Classifications of Australia (SESCA) 2008 (cat. no. 1218.0).
General Government sector
18 The General Government sector comprises all government units of the Australian Government, each state and territory government, and all local government authorities, and all resident non-market Not-for-profit Institutions (NPIs) that are controlled and mainly financed by those governments. It includes courts, government departments, the Governor General's office, and public universities.
19 Government entities mainly engaged in market production or financial activities are not included in the General Government sector.
NPIs Serving Households sector
20 The NPIs Serving Households sector consists of resident non-market operators providing goods and services to households free or at prices that are not economically significant. It includes NPIs that are mainly financed from household member subscriptions and produce benefits primarily for the household members and NPIs created for philanthropic purposes which are financed mainly from donations or government grants.
21 NPIs engaged in market production are not included in the NPIs Serving Households sector.
22 While the government and PNP sectors for the Survey of R&D are based on SISCA, as per the Frascati Manual guidelines, the survey excludes:
23 Local government organisations are also excluded from the survey, as they are considered by the ABS to have low R&D expenditure.
AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND STANDARD RESEARCH CLASSIFICATION
24 Field of research (FOR), Socio-economic objective (SEO) and Type of activity statistics presented in this release have been collected and compiled based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification (ANZSRC), 2008 (cat. no. 1297.0). Earlier issues of this release used the Australian Standard Research Classification (ASRC).
25 Due to differences between the two classifications, implementation of the ANZSRC represents a break in series. Users should familiarise themselves with the differences if attempting to compare data across reference periods, particularly FOR and SEO estimates.
26 The ABS has not compiled previous cycle estimates on an ANZSRC basis or 2008-09 estimates on an ASRC basis. Previous cycle data compiled on an ASRC basis (including revised data for 2006-07) are available in the data cubes accompanying this release.
LOCATION OF EXPENDITURE
27 Location of expenditure relates to the region(s) in which the organisation reported having performed R&D, during the reference period. This may not be the head office location of the organisation.
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP) AND GROSS STATE PRODUCT (GSP)
28 The most recent GDP and GSP values available were used to calculate the R&D expenditure/GDP and R&D expenditure/GSP ratios presented in this issue. These values are referenced in the tables below.
29 GDP is estimated by the ABS according to the recently updated international standards System of National Accounts, 2008 (2008 SNA) and is not directly comparable to GDP for countries where these standards have not been applied.
CHAIN VOLUME MEASURES
30 The chain volume measures appearing in this release are annually reweighted chain Laspeyres indexes referenced to the current price values in a chosen reference year (currently 2008-09). They can be thought of as current price values re-expressed in (i.e. based on) the prices of the previous year and linked together to form continuous time series. They are formed in a multi-stage process of which the major steps are described in Section 15 of the Information Paper: Australian National Accounts, Introduction of Chain Volume and Price Indexes (cat. no. 5248.0).
31 Deflators used to calculate the chain volume measure of expenditure on R&D have been revised to: better capture changes in the unit value of labour used in the production of R&D services; and to increase and refine the number of products included in the deflators. This is the first issue of this release to present chain volume estimates calculated using the revised deflators.
32 Upcoming ABS releases of R&D statistics include:
Research and Experimental Development, All Sector Summary, Australia, 2008-09 (cat. no. 8112.0), to be released 11 October 2010
OTHER RELATED RELEASES
33 Users may also wish to refer to the following ABS releases:
Innovation in Australian Business, 2006-07 (cat. no. 8158.0)
Microdata: Business Longitudinal Database, Expanded CURF, Australia, 2004-05, 2005-06 and 2006-07 (cat. no. 8168.0.55.001)
Research and Experimental Development, Higher Education Organisations, Australia, 2008 (cat. no. 8111.0)
Selected Characteristics of Australian Businesses, 2007-08 (cat. no. 8167.0)
Summary of IT Use and Innovation in Australian Business, 2008-09 (cat. no. 8166.0)
34 Relevant OECD publications include:
The Measurement of Scientific and Technological Activities: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys of Research and Experimental Development - Frascati Manual 2002
35 Other information including data cubes in spreadsheet format, relating to R&D and innovation can be found on the ABS website <www.abs.gov.au>. See the Innovation, Science and Technology theme page under Topics @ a Glance/Industry.
36 Where figures have been rounded, discrepancies may occur between the sum of the component items and totals.
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This page last updated 15 July 2010