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6238.0.55.001 - Microdata: Barriers and Incentives to Labour Force Participation, Retirement and Retirement Intentions, July 2010 to June 2011 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 28/05/2013  First Issue
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GLOSSARY

Actively looking for work


People who were taking active steps to find work. Active steps comprise:

    • registering with a Job Network employment agency
    • contacting an employment agency
    • contacting prospective employers
    • answering a newspaper advertisement for a job
    • checking factory notice boards
    • advertising or tendering for work.

Additivity


A technique that can be implemented in TableBuilder to ensure that any tables produced remain 'additive'. If implemented, adjustments are made to cell values so that each table of estimates will be internally consistent, and add up to the totals. For example, tables at different geographic levels are adjusted independently, and tables at the higher geographic level may not be equal to the sum of the tables for the component geographic units. The technique may introduce discrepancies between tables with similar data items. For the 2010-11 Barriers and Incentives and Retirement and Retirement Intentions TableBuilder product, 'additivity' has not been implemented.

Available to start work

For people not in the labour force, those who were available to start work in the reference week or within four weeks.

Available to start work with more hours


Employed people who usually worked 0-15 hours per week in all jobs and were available to start work with more hours in the reference week or within four weeks.

Current job


The job in which a person currently works.

Did not prefer to work more hours


People who said 'no' or 'don't know' when asked 'would you prefer to work more hours than you usually work?'.

Did not want a paid job


People who were not classified as employed or unemployed who answered 'no' or 'don't know' when asked if they would like a paid job.

Duration of current main job/last job


Length of time worked in current main job/last job.

Educational attainment


Level of highest educational attainment identifies the highest achievement a person has attained in any area of study. It is defined as the highest educational attainment a person has achieved, and is not a measurement of relative importance of different fields of study.

Employed


People who, during the reference week:
    • worked for one hour or more for pay, profit, commission or payment in kind in a job or business, or on a farm (comprising employees, employers and own account workers); or
    • worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a farm (i.e. contributing family workers); or
    • were employees who had a job but were not at work and were:
            • away from work for less than four weeks up to the end of the reference week; or
            • away from work for more than four weeks up to the end of the reference week and received pay for some or all of the four week period to the end of the reference week; or
            • away from work as a standard work or shift arrangement; or
            • on strike or locked out; or
            • on workers' compensation and expected to return to their job; or
    • were employers or own account workers who had a job, business or farm, but were not at work.

Employees


People who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, a retainer fee from their employer while working on a commission basis, tips, piece rates, or payment in kind, or people who operate their own incorporated enterprise with or without hiring employees.

Employees (excluding OMIEs) with paid leave entitlements


Employees (excluding owner managers of incorporated enterprises) (OMIEs), who were entitled to either paid sick leave or paid holiday leave (or both).

Employees (excluding OMIEs) without paid leave entitlements


Employees (excluding OMIEs), who were not entitled to, or did not know whether they were entitled to, paid sick and paid holiday leave.

Employers


People who operate their own unincorporated economic enterprise or engage independently in a profession or trade and hire one or more employees.

Employment types


Classification of employed people according to the following employment type categories on the basis of their main job (i.e. the job in which they usually work the most hours):

Employees (excluding owner managers of incorporated enterprises)
    • with paid leave entitlements
    • without paid leave entitlements

Owner managers
    • owner managers of incorporated enterprises
    • owner managers of unincorporated enterprises

Contributing family workers

Family


Two or more people, one of whom is at least 15 years of age, who are related by blood, marriage (registered or de facto), adoption, step or fostering; and who are usually resident in the same household. The basis of a family is formed by identifying the presence of a couple relationship, lone parent-child relationship or other blood relationship. Some households will, therefore, contain more than one family.

Field Exclusion Rule


A field exclusion rule is a restriction that has been built into TableBuilder. This rule stipulates the maximum number of data items from a group that can appear in a table.

Full-time educational attendance

People aged 15-19 who, during the reference week were enrolled full time at secondary or high schools, and those aged 15-24 who, during the reference week, were enrolled full time at a Technical and Further Education (TAFE) college, university, or other tertiary educational institution.

Full-time workers (usual)


Employed people who usually work 35 hours or more a week (in all jobs).

Future starters


People who were not employed during the reference week, were waiting to start a job within four weeks from the end of the reference week, and could have started in the reference week if the job had been available then.

Government pension/allowance


Income support payments from government to persons under social security and related government programs. Included are pensions and allowances received by aged, disabled, unemployed and sick persons, families and children, veterans and their survivors, and study allowances for students. Payments made by overseas governments as well as the Australian government are included.

Gross income

Regular and recurring cash receipts including monies received from wages and salaries, government pensions and allowances, and other regular receipts such as superannuation, workers' compensation, child support, scholarships, profit or loss from own unincorporated business or partnership, and property income. Gross income is the sum of current income from all these sources before income tax or the Medicare levy have been deducted.

Group jack-knife method


This method of calculating standard errors starts by dividing the survey sample into a number of approximately equal-sized groups (replicate groups). Replicate estimates of the population total are then calculated from the sample by excluding each replicate group in turn. The jack-knife variance is derived from the variation of the respective replicate estimates around the estimate based on the whole sample.

Had ever worked for two weeks or more
/ Had worked at some time

For Barriers and Incentives to Labour Force Participation: People who are not in the labour force or are unemployed and have previously worked for two weeks or more.

For Retirement and Retirement Intentions: People who have previously worked for two weeks or more.

Had previously worked

People who are not in the labour force or are unemployed, who have previously worked for two weeks or more, less than 20 years ago.

Income/Gross income

Regular and recurring cash receipts including monies received from wages and salaries, government pensions and allowances, and other regular receipts such as superannuation, workers' compensation, child support, scholarships, profit or loss from own unincorporated business or partnership, and property income. Gross income is the sum of current income from all these sources before income tax or the Medicare levy have been deducted.

Incorporated enterprise


An enterprise which is registered as a separate legal entity to its members or owners. Also known as a limited liability company.

Industry


An industry relates to a group of businesses or organisations that perform similar sets of activities in terms of the production of goods and services. Industry is classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 (cat.no.1292.0).

Intends to retire from the labour force


Those people who indicated that they intend to give up all labour force activity, that is working or looking for work.

Labour force

The civilian population can be split into two mutually exclusive groups: the labour force (employed and unemployed people) and people not in the labour force.

Last job


Refers to last job less than 20 years ago.

Looking for work with more hours


Refers to persons who indicated that they had done something in the last four weeks to obtain more hours of work.

Main English-speaking countries


The list of Main English Speaking Countries provided here is not an attempt to classify countries on the basis of whether or not English is the predominant or official language of each country. It is a list of the main countries from which Australia receives, or has received, significant numbers of overseas settlers who are likely to speak English. These countries comprise the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa, and the United States of America.

Main job


The job in which most hours were usually worked.

Non-school qualification


Non-school qualifications are awarded for educational attainments other than those of pre-primary, primary or secondary education. They include qualifications at the Post Graduate Degree level, Master Degree level, Graduate Diploma and Graduate Certificate level, Bachelor Degree level, Advanced Diploma and Diploma level, and Certificates I, II, III and IV levels. Non-school qualifications may be attained concurrently with school qualifications.

Not employed


People who are either unemployed or not in the labour force.

Not retired from the labour force

People aged 45 years and over who have, at some time, worked for two weeks or more and were not retired from the labour force. That is, either employed, unemployed or intending to look for, or take up, work in the future.

Occupation

An occupation relates to a collection of jobs that are sufficiently similar in their title and tasks, skill level and skill specialisation which are grouped together for the purposes of classification. Occupation is classified according to ANZSCO - Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations, First Edition, Revision 1, 2009 (cat.no.1220.0).

Owner managers


People who work in their own business, with or without employees, whether or not the business is of limited liability.

Owner managers of incorporated enterprises


People who work in their own incorporated enterprise, that is, a business entity which is registered as a separate legal entity to its members or owners (also known as a limited liability company).

Owner managers of unincorporated enterprises


People who operate their own unincorporated enterprise, that is, a business entity in which the owner and the business are legally inseparable, so that the owner is liable for any business debts that are incurred. Includes those engaged independently in a trade or profession.

Part-time workers (usual)


Employed people who usually worked less than 35 hours a week (in all jobs).

Persons in the labour force


People who were classified as being in the labour force, that is, either employed or unemployed.

Persons not in the labour force


People who were not classified as employed or unemployed.

Preferred to work more hours


Employed people who usually work 0-15 hours each week and would prefer to work more hours than they usually work.

Reference week


The week preceding the week in which the interview was conducted.

Relationship in household


The relationship of people who live in the same household.

Retired from the labour force

People who had previously worked for two weeks or more and had retired from work or looking for work, and did not intend to look for, or take up, work in the future.

Retirement scheme


Includes superannuation schemes, life assurance policies or similar schemes that provide financial benefit when a person leaves work.

Status in employment


Employed people classified according to whether they were employees, employers, own account workers, or contributing family workers.

Superannuation scheme

Any fund, association or organisation set up for the purpose of providing financial cover for members when they retire from work. For this survey, information about superannuation scheme membership was collected if the respondent indicated that contributions had been made to a scheme. Contributions could either have been made by the respondent, the respondent's partner or the respondent's employer.

Time since last job

The elapsed time since ceasing last job.

Took inactive steps


People who did not take active steps to look for work (see actively looking for work). Includes only looked in newspapers.

Unemployed


People who were not employed during the reference week, and:
    • had actively looked for full-time or part-time work at any time in the four weeks up to the end of the reference week and were available for work in the reference week; or
    • were waiting to start a new job within four weeks from the end of the reference week and could have started in the reference week if the job had been available then.

Unincorporated enterprise


A business entity in which the owner and the business are legally inseparable, so that the owner is liable for any business debts that are incurred.

Unpaid activities


Includes caring for own children or other people's children including grandchildren. Also includes caring for elderly or someone with long-term illness or disability or unpaid voluntary workers. Respondents were asked whether they had undertaken any of these activities in the last four weeks.

Usual number of hours

The number of hours usually worked in a week in all jobs.

Wanted a paid job


People who are not in the labour force and would like a paid job of any kind. Includes people who said 'depends'.

Wanted more hours


See 'Preferred to work more hours'.


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