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ENERGY USE IN AUSTRALIAN HOMES
The type and amount of energy used in the home has considerable implications for the environment. Home energy consumption is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions in Australia due to the heavy reliance on fossil fuels, especially coal, to produce electricity.
Household energy use per person (including electricity, gas, wood, petrol etc.) rose between 2001–02 and 2005–06, and then fell from 2005–06 to 2006–07. A factor contributing to the drop in 2006–07 was a drop in the national use of refined products, such and petrol and diesel, despite a rising population.
Gas was the second most common source of energy in Australian homes. The use of gas increased from 57% of homes in 2002 to 61% in March 2008. Across Australia, there has been a downward trend in the use of wood as a source of energy in homes, with use decreasing from 18% in 2002 to 14% in 2008. Solar energy was used by 7% of Australian homes for heating water in 2008. This was a 60% increase from 2005 when 4% of homes used solar energy for hot water systems.
1.3 SOURCES OF ENERGY IN AUSTRALIAN HOMES,
2005 and 2008
Almost nine in ten Australians said they took steps to limit their personal energy use in 2007–08. Women were more likely than men to take steps to limit their energy use (90% as opposed to 85%). People with a bachelor degree were most likely to take steps to limit their energy use (92%), compared to people without a non-school qualification (85%).
1.4 PEOPLE WHO CURRENTLY TAKE STEPS TO LIMIT PERSONAL ENERGY USE,
By age and sex
Of the people who did not take steps to limit their personal energy use, the main reason reported was that it was already low enough. People aged 18–24 years were less likely than other age groups to limit their use, with more than a quarter (26%) reporting that they did not limit their use.
1.5 REASONS PEOPLE DID NOT TAKE STEPS TO LIMIT PERSONAL ENERGY USE
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