Australian Bureau of Statistics
1380.0.55.003 - Perspectives on Regional Australia: Household Expenditure throughout Australia, 2003-04
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 12/07/2006 First Issue
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7 Examples are given below of Urban Centres/Localities within each SOS.
SECTION OF STATE STRUCTURE
CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS
8 The household is the basic unit of analysis in the HES. A household consists of one or more persons, at least one of whom is at least 15 years of age, usually resident in the same private dwelling. The persons in a household may or may not be related. They must live wholly within one dwelling. A group of people who make common provisions for food and other essentials of living but live in two separate dwellings are considered to be two separate households.
9 Households therefore have the following characteristics:
- they may consist of one or more person(s) or groups of persons such as families
- they must live wholly within one physical dwelling. A group of people who make common provision for living essentials but are living in two separate dwellings are considered to be two separate households.
10 The household is adopted as the basic unit of analysis because it is assumed that sharing of the use of goods and services occurs at this level. If smaller units, say persons, are adopted, then it is difficult to know how to attribute to individual household members the use of shared items such as food, accommodation and household goods.
11 The HES aggregate estimates of expenditure on goods and services refer to:
12 Estimates of average weekly expenditure do not refer to a given week. Average weekly expenditure was calculated by dividing expenditure by the number of weeks in the recall period or reporting period over which it was collected.
13 Expenditure was classified according to the Household Expenditure Classification. A copy of the classification is included in Household Expenditure Survey and Survey of Income and Housing, Australia: User Guide, 2003-04 (cat. no. 6503.0).
Scope and coverage
14 The survey collects information by personal interview from usual residents of private dwellings in urban and rural areas of Australia, covering about 98% of the people living in Australia. Private dwellings are houses, flats, home units, caravans, garages, tents and other structures that were used as places of residence at the time of interview. Long-stay caravan parks are also included. These are distinct from non-private dwellings which include hotels, boarding schools, boarding houses and institutions. Residents of non-private dwellings are excluded.
15 The survey also excludes:
- households which contain members of non-Australian defence forces stationed in Australia
- households which contain diplomatic personnel of overseas governments
- households in collection districts in the Northern Territory defined as very remote or Indigenous Communities which account for about 23% of the territory's population.
16 Information for each household was collected using:
- a household level computer assisted interview questionnaire which collected information on household characteristics, expenditure common to all household members (e.g. health service payments), and irregular or infrequent expenditure (e.g. household appliances and holidays overseas)
- an individual level computer assisted interview questionnaire which collected information on income and other personal characteristics from each usual resident aged 15 years and over
- a personal diary in which usual residents aged 15 years and over recorded their expenditure over two weeks.
17 ABS publications draw extensively on information provided freely by individuals, businesses, governments and other organisations. Their continued cooperation is very much appreciated: without it, the wide range of statistics published by the ABS would not be available. Information received by the ABS is treated in strict confidence as required by the Census and Statistics Act 1905.
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This page last updated 11 July 2006