3302.0.55.003 - Life Tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2010-2012  
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Contents >> Main Features >> Life expectancy at birth of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians

LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH OF ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER AUSTRALIANS

Table 1.1 presents life expectancy at selected ages for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous Australians. At all ages, for both males and females, life expectancy for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians is lower than for non-Indigenous Australians.

1.1 LIFE EXPECTANCY AT SELECTED AGES, Australia(a) - 2010-2012

LIFE EXPECTANCY
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
Non-Indigenous
Total
Difference between non-Indigenous and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander life expectancy(b)
years
years
years
years

MALES

0
69.1
79.7
79.4
10.6
1
68.7
79.0
78.8
10.3
5
64.9
75.1
74.8
10.2
25
45.7
55.5
55.2
9.8
50
24.5
31.7
31.5
7.2
65
13.9
18.6
18.5
4.7
85
4.2
4.6
4.6
0.4

FEMALES

0
73.7
83.1
82.9
9.5
1
73.2
82.4
82.2
9.2
5
69.3
78.5
78.2
9.2
25
49.8
58.7
58.5
8.9
50
27.2
34.4
34.2
7.1
65
15.8
20.6
20.5
4.8
85
4.4
4.8
4.8
0.3

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MALES AND FEMALES

0
-4.5
-3.4
-3.5
. .
1
-4.4
-3.4
-3.4
. .
5
-4.4
-3.4
-3.4
. .
25
-4.1
-3.2
-3.2
. .
50
-2.7
-2.7
-2.7
. .
65
-1.9
-2.0
-2.0
. .
85
-0.2
-0.1
-0.1
. .

. . not applicable
(a) Headline estimates for Australia are calculated using an improved methodology (taking into account age-specific identification rates) that could not be applied at the state and territory or remoteness area levels. Therefore this data should not be compared with data for any state or territory, or remoteness area.
(b) Differences are based on unrounded estimates.



Ratio of mortality rates

Graph 1.2 illustrates the differences in mortality rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous Australians for 2010-2012.

For males, the largest differences were in the 35-39 year and 40-44 year age groups, where mortality rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males were over four times higher than rates for non-Indigenous males.

For Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander females, the largest differences were in the 25-29 year to 35-39 year age groups, where mortality rates were around five times higher than rates for non-Indigenous females.

1.2 RATIO OF MORTALITY RATES(a), Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous Australians(b) - 2010-2012
Graph: 3.2 RATIO OF MORTALITY RATES(a), Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous Australians(b)—2010–2012



State and territory life expectancy at birth

State and territory estimates are calculated on a different methodological basis to the headline Australia estimates. For this reason a comparable Australia level series has been calculated without an age-specific adjustment and is included in the table below. Life expectancy at birth differs across the four states and territories for which estimates could be produced. For Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males, life expectancy at birth was highest in New South Wales (70.5 years) and lowest in the Northern Territory (63.4 years). A similar pattern exists for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander females, with the highest life expectancy at birth in New South Wales (74.6 years) and the lowest in the Northern Territory (68.7 years).

Differences in life expectancy at birth estimates between non-Indigenous and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians are largest for males in Western Australia (15.1 years) and for females in the Northern Territory (14.4 years).

1.3 LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH, Indigenous status - 2010-2012

LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
Non-Indigenous
Total(a)
Difference between non-Indigenous and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander life expectancy at birth(b)
years
years
years
years

MALES

NSW
70.5
79.8
79.5
9.3
Qld
68.7
79.4
78.9
10.8
WA
65.0
80.1
79.5
15.1
NT
63.4
77.8
74.3
14.4
Aust.(c)(d)
67.4
79.8
79.4
12.4

FEMALES

NSW
74.6
83.1
82.9
8.5
Qld
74.4
83.0
82.6
8.6
WA
70.2
83.7
83.2
13.5
NT
68.7
83.1
78.9
14.4
Aust.(c)(d)
72.3
83.2
82.9
10.9

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MALES AND FEMALES

NSW
-4.1
-3.4
-3.4
. .
Qld
-5.7
-3.6
-3.7
. .
WA
-5.2
-3.6
-3.7
. .
NT
-5.3
-5.3
-4.6
. .
Aust.(c)(d)
-4.9
-3.4
-3.5
. .

. . not applicable
(a) Estimates of life expectancy at birth for the total population presented in this release differ from estimates in Deaths, Australia, 2012 (cat. no. 3302.0). See paragraph 32 of the Explanatory Notes for more information.
(b) Differences are based on unrounded estimates.
(c) These estimates are not the headline estimates for Australia, because thay are calculated without an age-adjustment, but are provided to enable effective comparison with the state and territory, and remoteness area estimates.
(d) Includes all states and territories.

1.4 LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH, 2010-2012 - Males
Graph: 3.4 LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH, 2010–2012—Males


1.5 LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH, 2010-2012 - Females
Graph: 3.5 LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH, 2010–2012—Females



Life Expectancy by remoteness areas

The ABS has produced life expectancy at birth by remoteness area (RA) for the first time. Data has been published by grouping Major Cities and Inner Regional RAs together and Outer Regional, Remote and Very Remote together. The RAs were grouped together due to insufficient data for some RAs to be published individually, particularly at the lower ages. While Major Cities had sufficient data to be published separately, the Inner Regional RA displayed mortality characteristics that were more consistent with Major Cities than the other three RAs of Outer Regional, Remote and Very Remote.

The use of two groupings is less than ideal, given the under-identification of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander deaths decreases with each level of remoteness (it is greatest in Major Cities and lowest in Very Remote areas). The estimates will be different to those that would be derived using identification rates specific to each of the five individual remoteness areas, were it possible to produce them. The two groupings should therefore not be used as a proxy measure for 'urban' and 'rural' comparisons, but instead only used to illustrate that life expectancy estimates show less of a difference by remoteness than unadjusted mortality data show, reinforcing the importance of adjusted data.

Differences in life expectancy at birth between non-Indigenous and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males was largest in Major Cities and Inner Regional areas (11.9 years). However, for females the difference was largest in Outer Regional, Remote and Very Remote areas (10.2 years).


1.6 LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH, Remoteness Areas - 2010-2012

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
Non-Indigenous
Total
Difference between non-Indigenous and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander life expectancy at birth(a)

MALES

Major Cities and Inner Regional
68.0
79.9
79.7
11.9
Outer Regional, Remote and Very Remote
67.3
78.5
77.4
11.2

FEMALES

Major Cities and Inner Regional
73.1
83.0
82.8
9.9
Outer Regional, Remote and Very Remote
72.3
82.5
81.5
10.2

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MALES AND FEMALES

Major Cities and Inner Regional
-5.1
-3.1
-3.1
. .
Outer Regional, Remote and Very Remote
-5.0
-3.9
-4.1
. .

. . not applicable
(a) Differences are based on unrounded estimates.





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