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6342.0 - Working Time Arrangements, Australia, November 2012 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 03/05/2013   
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GLOSSARY

Agreement to work flexible hours

An agreement that is either in writing or otherwise. A written agreement can be in the form of, but not limited to, an individual written agreement between an employer and employee, or a Collective Agreement or Certified Agreement (CA) made directly between an employer and a group of employees.

Born in Australia

Includes persons born in Australia, Norfolk Island and Australian External Territories.

Casual loading

Provision by an employer of a higher rate of pay to compensate for not being entitled to paid holiday and/or paid sick leave.

Considered job to be casual

Employees who considered their job to be casual, regardless of any entitlements that they may receive.

Employed

People aged 15 years and over who, during the reference week:

  • worked for one hour or more for pay, profit, commission or payment in kind, in a job or business or on a farm (comprising employees, employers and own account workers); or
  • were employees who had a job but were not at work and were:
      • away from work for less than four weeks up to the end of the reference week; or
      • away from work for more than four weeks up to the end of the reference week and received pay for some or all of the four week period to the end of the reference week; or
      • away from work as a standard work or shift arrangement; or
      • on strike or locked out; or
      • on workers' compensation and expected to return to their job; or
  • were employers or own account workers who had a job, business or farm, but were not at work.

Contributing family workers in their main job, people who receive payment in kind in their main job, and those aged 15-19 years who were still at school were excluded from the survey.

Employees

People who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, a retainer fee from their employer while working on a commission basis, tips, piece rates, or payment in kind, or people who operate their own incorporated enterprise with or without hiring employees. In Working Time Arrangements surveys, people who received payment in kind in their main job and those aged 15-19 years who were still at school were excluded.

Extra hours

See Overtime.

Full-time employees in main job

Employees who usually worked 35 hours or more a week (in their main job) and others who, although usually worked less than 35 hours a week, worked 35 hours or more during the reference week. These people were classified as full-time employees in their main job.

Full-time workers

Employed people who usually worked 35 hours or more a week (in all jobs) and others who, although usually worked less than 35 hours a week, worked 35 hours or more during the reference week. These people were classified as full-time workers in their employment. For Working Time Arrangements, they must be an employee in their main job. See Employees.

Holiday leave

Provision by an employer of paid holiday, vacation or recreation leave.

Hours actually worked

The number of hours actually worked during the reference week.

Hours usually worked

The number of hours usually worked in a week.

Industry of main job

An industry is a group of businesses or organisations that undertake similar economic activities to produce both goods and services. In this publication, industry of main job refers to ANZSIC Division as classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 2006 (Revision 1.0) (cat. no. 1292.0).

Main English-speaking countries

The list of main English-speaking countries provided here is not an attempt to classify countries on the basis of whether or not English is the predominant or official language of each country. It is a list of the main countries from which Australia receives, or has received, significant numbers of overseas settlers who are likely to speak English. These countries comprise the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa and the United States of America.

Main job

The job in which the most hours were usually worked.

Occupation of main job

An occupation is a collection of jobs that are sufficiently similar in their title and tasks, skill level and skill specialisation which are grouped together for the purposes of classification. In this publication, occupation of main job relates to Major Group as defined by the ANZSCO - Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations, First Edition, Revision 1, 2009 (cat. no. 1220.0).

On call

A shift arrangement, for being available, when not at work, to be contacted to resume work. An allowance may be paid to the employee for being on call.

Overtime

Work undertaken which is outside, or in addition to, ordinary working hours in main job, whether paid or unpaid.

Owner managers of incorporated enterprises

People who work in their own incorporated enterprise, that is, a business entity which is registered as a separate legal entity to its members or owners (also known as a limited liability company).

Part-time employees in main job

Employees who usually worked less than 35 hours a week (in their main job) and who did so during the reference week, or were not at work during the reference week. These people were classified as part-time employees in their main job.

Part-time workers

Employed people who usually worked less than 35 hours a week (in all jobs) and who did so during the reference week, or were not at work during the reference week. These people were classified as part-time workers in their employment. For Working Time Arrangements, they must be an employee in their main job. See Employees.

Reference week

The week preceding the week in which the interview was conducted.

Salary package

Provision by an employer where employees receive a mix of cash and a variety of non-cash benefits from their employers as remuneration. Examples of non-cash benefits include cars, additional amounts paid into superannuation funds for the employee, provision of mobile phones and/or free car parking.

Sector of main job

Sector of main job is used to classify a respondent's employer as a public or private enterprise. The public sector includes all government units, such as government departments, non-market non-profit institutions that are controlled and mainly financed by government, and corporations and quasi-corporations that are controlled by government.

Shifts

Irregular shifts - Describes shifts that do not follow a set pattern.

Regular shifts - Shifts worked to a set pattern of times. Regular shift times are presented as follows:
  • morning shifts - between 6.00am and 12.00pm;
  • afternoon shifts - between 12.00pm and 5.00pm; and
  • evening, night or graveyard shift - between 5.00pm and 6.00am

Rotating shift - A shift arrangement, in which the shift worked changes periodically from one time period to another, for example from mornings or afternoons to evenings or nights.

Split shift - Occurs when the worked period is broken by an extended unpaid 'free' period, thereby constituting an extended working day consisting of two (or more) shifts.

Shift work

A system of working whereby the daily hours of operation at the place of employment are split into at least two set work periods (shifts) for different groups of workers.

Sick leave

Provision by an employer of paid sick leave.

Standby

People who are usually waiting to restart work or people who have had to restart work after being recalled, without additional pay and allowances.

Time off in lieu

Time off that is granted for time that has already been made up by working extra hours or overtime.

With paid leave entitlements

The entitlement of employees (excluding OMIEs) to either paid holiday leave or paid sick leave (or both) in their main job. For more information, see paragraph 16 of the Explanatory Notes.

Without paid leave entitlements

Employees (excluding OMIEs) who were not entitled to, or did not know whether they were entitled to, paid holiday leave and paid sick leave in their current job. For more information, see paragraph 16 of the Explanatory Notes.


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